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高考听说训练

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广东高考英语听说考试考前训练和技巧

广东高考英语听说考前训练及技巧

2013.2.10

广东高考英语人机对话口语考试分三部分:(共60分,折算15分)

第一部分:Reading Aloud 根据视频大声朗读文章,要求流利通顺,文章中有一定的新词汇。(20分) 第二部分:Role Play 要求扮演角色,与电脑互问互答,先根据提示问三个问题,再回答五个问题。

(16分)

第三部分:Oral Competition 口头作文,听一篇文章,然后根据故事梗概和关键词,复述该故事。(24

分)

听说合考总的答题策略:

1、调整话筒,让话筒靠近嘴巴,保证录音质量。

2、养成作好笔记的习惯。

3、录音答题时保持镇定,确保自己的发挥。

Part A 答题技巧

应试技巧:第一遍看视频听录音时,注意力应放在说话者的发音、语调和意群停顿上,同时尽可能地记下一些关键词语。 自我演练时,考生首先要熟悉画外音所叙述的内容,记住需要换气和停顿的地方。第二遍边听录音边看视频上文字时,最为关键的是要注意说话者的语频,并对个别较难发音的词语加以关注。录音时,考生是看着相同的视频片段进行录音。这时最为关键的是语频要与视频上显示的保持一致。一定要读出来,碰到不懂的单词,按字母规律发音,不要不读。

Part B答题技巧

1).听前抢读和预测: 预测可能出现的词汇(尤其是关键词),和出题方向。

如:情景介绍:女士和男士谈论即将来临的面试

预测:关键词interview

可能出题方向 When will you have the interview?

How will you go there?

Are you prepared for /nervous about it?

2)做笔记,抓关键信息

前面的英文短片部分和三问部分是所有听力信息的输入部分,这两部分要做好听力笔记。在三问环节,计算机会回答两遍.计算机回答问题的内容往往是下一部分回答的答案或提示 。

观看英文短片时要在听懂大意的同时 留意涉及的人物、事物、时间、行为等相关信息(5w1h),并适当做笔记,在短时间内强记细节信息,如年代,单价,折扣价,门牌号等。

练习快速记笔记,用最简洁的符号记录信息。如字母/箭头/数字/汉字/图形等。

如:考生用英语提问: 新图书馆周末开放吗?

(Is the library open on weekends?)

计算机回答

(Yes. It‘s open from 9:00 a.m. to 7:00 p.m. on weekends and it opens one hour earlier from Monday to Friday. 播放2遍)

计算机提问

(播放2遍)

考生回答计算机提问 (It opens at 8:00 a.m. from Monday to Friday.)

3)准确获取信息后,考生不需要再关注画面,应更留心使用规范的英语进行问答。

4) 时间上的把握,注意力高度集中(整个过程)

5)放弃过去的信息。

Part B 答题注意事项

1).提问部分

注意选好疑问词(5w1h), 确定用一般疑问句还是特殊疑问句,并以要求扮演的角色身份提问,注意交际实际。

提问时注意使用语法正确的句子,尤其是疑问句的语序和时态。

能提问多少就提问多少,甚至是一个疑问词也可能有分。

• 如提问:你想知道,诊所是否每天都开

• Q: Could you tell me whether the clinic is open every day?

• Compare: Is the clinic open every day?

• When does the clinic open every day?

如:

1.住学校宿舍是否较便宜?

Is it cheaper to live in the school dormitory?

2.天气如何?

What is the weather like?

3.如何从学校到机场?

How can we get to the airport from the school?

4.最近的地铁站在哪里?

Where is the nearest underground station from here?

注意:准备提问时,可简单写下问句,特别是疑问词,使得真正录音时能比较顺畅。

回答机器提问的答案来自:

(1)机器对考生的提问的回答

(2)前面的英文短片部分

所以考生要适当做些笔记

注意:回答问题时可用省略句式。

如:How long does a letter take to reach Japan? -----About ten days.

What are they talking about?-----Environmental problems.

Part B 部分备考策略

1. 平常多练习朗读课文,纠正自己的语音语调。

2. 可以选用原来的听力材料来训练,不同的是不再做选择题。而是对倾听的材料提问并回答听力材料中的内容。

3. 加强语言基本功, 掌握听力技巧。

4. 多听多练, 熟练掌握答题技巧。

Part C 部分备考策略

(一) 听取故事时,要注意:

1.宏观把握,注意开头句;

2.记录关键词。

(二) 复述故事时,要注意:

1.明确复述时使用的人称或称谓;

2.代词he、she要弄清,正确使用单复数、时态、句子转承时的连词;

3.复述要连贯,不要连续重复某个词或某句话。

(三)答题技巧

1、在录音播放两遍的过程中,做好听力笔记。要记好关键词,方便自己构思复述。

2、不要背诵,要用自己的话复述。

(四)学习策略

用独白形式的、结构完整、情节清楚的听力材料进行练习。

Part C 部分常规训练建议

1.课堂上大胆发言,把握一切可以锻炼英语口语的机会提高口头表达能力;

2.充分利用课堂教学素材,选取故事性较强的文章或段落进行复述训练;

3.有意识地培养速记的能力,积累丰富有效的速记符号;

4.礼用旧题型的听力材料,进行听说训练。忽略旧题型的选项部分,一边听一边记录要点,训练听取大意、获取要点以及已记录要点的能力,同时用自己的语言进行复述,强化故事复述能力的培养。 2013-1-10

第二部分 听说三问强化训练

话题一 个人情况(Personal information)

1. 你的名字有什么特殊的意义吗?_________________________________________________

2. 你的家乡在哪里?_____________________________________________________________ 3 能否谈一下你最喜爱的兴趣或爱好?_____________________________________________

4. 你擅长和不擅长的事情是?_____________________________________________________

5. 你认为自己有什么优点和缺点?_________________________________________________

6. 打算将来从事什么职业。____________________________________________

1. Does your name have any special meaning?

2. Where is your hometown? / Where do you come from?/ Where are you from?

3. Could you say something about your favorite hobby or interest?

4. What are you especially good at and what are you not?

5. What kind of merits and shortcomings do you think you have?

6. What kind of career do you want to take in the future?

话题二 家庭、朋友与周围的人(Family, friends and people around)

1. 能否谈谈你的家庭情况?_______________________________________________________

2. 父母亲是最好的老师,不是吗?__________________________________________________

3. 你认为父母应该如何教育孩子?_________________________________________________

4. 你认为朋友在你生命中重要吗?__________________________________________________

5. 你通常是怎样结交朋友?________________________________________________________

6. 你认为在网上能结交到真正的朋友吗?___________________________________________

7. 你是否和室友和谐相处?_______________________________________________________

8. 好室友都有什么共同点?_______________________________________________________

9. 室友建立良好的关系。____________________________________________

1. Could you say something about your family?

2. Parents are our best teachers, aren’t they?

3. How do you think parents should educate their children?

4. Do you think friends play an important part in your life?

5. How do you usually make friends?

6. Do you think it is possible to make real friends online?

7. Are you getting along well with your roommates?/ Do you live in peace with your roommates?

8. What kind of similarities do good roommates share?

9. How can we set up a good relationship with our roommates?

话题三 周围的环境 (Personal environments)

1. 前是否住学校宿舍。______________________________________________

2. 能否描述一下你的住所呢?_____________________________________________________

3. 你在那里住多久了?___________________________________________________________

4. 你认为居住在那里怎么样?_____________________________________________________

5. 你的住所有什么优点和不足?___________________________________________________

6. 住在学校和住在家里,你更喜欢哪个?_________________________________________

1. Do you live in your school dormitory at present?

2. Could you describe the place you live in?

3. How long have you lived there?

4. How do you feel about living there?

5. What kind of advantages and disadvantages does the place you live in have?

6. Which do you prefer, living on campus or living at home?

话题四 日常生活( Daily routines)

1. 你一天中最忙碌的是哪段时间?_________________________________________________

2. 一般来说,你什么时间有空?____________________________________________________

3. 你想了解对方最喜欢的放松方式。________________________________________________

4. 空余时间你喜欢独处还是和朋友一起?___________________________________________

5. 周末对你而言重要吗?_________________________________________________________

6. 你通常怎么度过周末?_________________________________________________________

1. What is the busiest part of your day?

2. Generally speaking, when are you free?

3. What is your favorite way to relax?

4. Do you prefer to spend your free time alone or with your friends?

5. Are weekends important to you?

6. How do you usually spend your weekends?

话题五 学校生活( School life)

1. 你们目前在学校学习哪些科目?_________________________________________________

2. 你觉得哪个科目最实用?_______________________________________________________

3. 在学习方面,你有什么不满的地方吗?____________________________________________

4. 你的高中生活是否快乐又充实?_________________________________________________

5. 最让你难忘的高中生活经历?___________________________________________________

6. 学校宿舍有何利弊。_______________________________________________ 1.

2.

3.

4.

5.

6. What subjects are you learning at school for the moment? Which subject do you think is most practical? Is there anything you are not satisfied with about your studies? Is your high school life happy and full? What is the most unforgettable experience in you high school life? What advantages and disadvantages does living in a school dormitory have?

话题六 兴趣与爱好( Interests and hobbies)

1. 你最喜欢的运动是什么?_______________________________________________________

2. 什么特别之处。___________________________________________________

3.你喜欢单独一人运动还是和朋友一起? ___________________________________________

4. 人们的爱好会随着年龄的增长而改变吗?_________________________________________

5. 在爱好上投入过多的时间是否会带来负面影响?___________________________________

7. 你认为男人和女人是否通常拥有不同的兴趣?_____________________________________

1. What is your most favorite sport? / What kind of sport do you like best?

2. What is special about it?

3. Do you prefer to do sports alone or with your friends?

4. Will people’s hobbies change as they get older?

5. Will spending too much time on hobbies bring us negative effects?

6. Do you think that men and women usually have different interests?

话题七 个人情感( Emotions)

1. 你最近感觉如何?_____________________________________________________________

2. 什么事情会令你感到焦虑?_____________________________________________________

3. 通常如何克服焦虑的情绪。_________________________________________

4. 你想知道学业上的竞争是否会让对方感到压力。____________________________________

5. 压力是无法避免的,不是吗?____________________________________________________

6. 适度的压力有利于更高效的学习,对吗?__________________________________________

1. How do you feel recently?

2. What kind of things will make you feel worried?

3. How do you usually get rid of worries?

4. Does the competition in studies make you feel stressed?

5. Stress is something that we can not avoid, isn’t it?

6. Stress of a proper degree is beneficial to us, isn’t it?

话题八 人际关系( Interpersonal relationships)

1. 你认为人际关系在人们生活中起到什么作用?_____________________________________

2. 与人和谐相处为何重要?_______________________________________________________

3. 你如何和父母、老师、同学相处?________________________________________________

4. 个性品质有助于与人建立友好的关系。________________________________

5. 你认为幽默可以改善人际关系吗?_______________________________________________

6. 你是否有过与人相处不愉快的经历?_____________________________________________

1. What role do you think personal relationship plays in our life?

2. Why is it important to live in peace with others?

3. How do you get along with your parents, your teachers and your classmates?

4. What kind of personalities do you think are helpful for establishing a friendly relationship with others?

5. Do you think humor helps to improve our relationship with others?

6. Have you ever had any unpleasant experience of not getting along well with others?

话题九 计划与愿望 ( Plans and intentions)

1. 你有规划自己生活的习惯吗?___________________________________________________

2. 你期望被哪所大学录取?_______________________________________________________

3. 你打算就读什么专业?_________________________________________________________

4. 你考虑过出国深造吗?_________________________________________________________

5. 你想知道对方将来有没有可能自己去创业。________________________________________

6. 你最大的人生目标是什么?_____________________________________________________

1. Do you have the habit of planning your life?

2. Which university do you expect to get admitted to?

3. What subject do you want to major in?

4. Have you ever thought of going to get some further education abroad?

5. Is it possible that you start your own business in the future?

6. What is your biggest life goal?

话题十 节假日活动( Festivals, holidays and celebrations)

1. 能否介绍一下你们国家最盛大的传统节日?_______________________________________

2. 这个节日有什么特别的意义吗?_________________________________________________

3. 何庆祝这个节日。________________________________________________

4. 你最喜欢哪个节日?___________________________________________________________

5. 过节时你最喜欢做的事情是什么?_______________________________________________

6. 你觉得什么节日将来会更受欢迎?_______________________________________________

1. Could you please say something about the biggest traditional festival in your country?

2. Does this festival have any special meaning?

3. How do people celebrate this holiday?

4. What is your favorite festival?

5. What do you enjoy doing most during festivals?

6. What kind of festivals do you think will become more popular in the future?

话题十一 购物(Shopping)

1. 你喜欢购物吗?_______________________________________________________________

2. 你每周花多少时间购物?_______________________________________________________

3. 你比较重视质量还是价格?____________________________________________________

4. 你买过二手货吗?____________________________________________________________

5. 你最常逛的是哪类商店?______________________________________________________

6. 否尝试过网上购物。_____________________________________________

1. Do you enjoy shopping?

2. How much time do you spend on shopping every week?

3. Do you pay more attention to quality or to price? / Which do you pay more attention to, quality or price?

4. Have you even bought second-hand things?

5. What kinds of shops do you usually go to?

6. Have you ever tried online shopping?

话题十二 饮食(Food and drink)

1. 你特别喜欢哪些类型的食物?___________________________________________________

2. 在你家中通常谁做饭?_________________________________________________________

3. 你喜欢在家里吃饭还是在餐馆吃饭?_____________________________________________

4.你认为什么是健康的饮食?______________________________________________________

5.经常吃快餐弊大于利,不是吗?___________________________________________________

6.你想了解对方国家的主食是什么。_________________________________________________

1. What kinds of food do you particularly like?

2. Who usually cooks in your home? / Who usually does the cooking in your home?

3. Do you prefer to eat at home or in restaurants?

4. What do you think is a healthy diet?

5. There are more disadvantages than advantages about eating fast food, aren’t there?

6. What is the main food in your country?

话题十三 健康( Health)

1. 什么才是健康的饮食习惯?_____________________________________________________

2. 睡眠不足对健康有什么影响?___________________________________________________

3. 吸烟为何有害健康?___________________________________________________________

4. 什么样的锻炼有助于健康?_____________________________________________________

5. 你想了解怎样可以保持心理的健康。______________________________________________

6.身心健康的人更长寿,对吗?____________________________________________________

1. What is a healthy diet?

2. What effect does lack of sleep have on our health?

3. Why is smoking harmful to our health?

4. What kinds of physical exercise help us to keep healthy?

5. How can we stay healthy mentally?

6. Those who stay healthy both physically and mentally tend to live longer, don’t they?

话题十四 天气( Weather)

1. 一年中你最喜欢哪个季节?_____________________________________________________

2. 天气潮湿时你会做什么?_______________________________________________________

3. 你的城市经常很热吗?_________________________________________________________

4. 能否比较一下你家乡和其它城市的气候?_________________________________________

5. 降雨对人们的生活产生怎样的影响?_____________________________________________

6. 你想知道气候与人类活动之间有什么关系。________________________________________

1. What is your favorite season of the year?

2. What will you do when the weather is wet? / What will you do on wet days?

3. Is it often very hot in your city?

4. Could you compare the climate in your hometown with that in other cities?

5. How does rain affect people’s life? / What kind of effect does rain have on people’s life?

6. What is the relationship between the climate and human activities?

话题十五 文娱与体育( Entertainment and sports)

1. 你多久看一次电影?___________________________________________________________

2. 假如你有机会学习演奏一种乐器,你会选择哪种乐器?______________________________

3. 音乐有什么好处。__________________________________________________

4. 你觉得哪种运动将来会更受欢迎?_______________________________________________

5. 运动在我们生活中起到什么作用?_______________________________________________

6. 越来越多的人开始意识到运动的重要性,对吗?____________________________________

1. How often do you go to see a film?

2. If you had the chance to learn a musical instrument, what musical instrument would you like to learn?

3. What benefits can people get by studying music?

4. Which sport do you think will become more popular in the future?

5. What role does sport play in our life?

6. More and more people get to know the importance of doing sports, don’t they?

话题十六 旅游与交通( Travel and transport)

1. 你通常喜欢和谁一起去旅行?___________________________________________________

2. 你游览过哪些地方?___________________________________________________________

3. 旅游能给人们带来各种各样的好处,对吗?________________________________________

4. 你旅游时最喜欢哪种交通方式?_________________________________________________

5. 么越来越多的人开始骑自行车上班。__________________________________

6. 你认为政府应当如何改善大城市的交通状况?_____________________________________

1. Who would you usually prefer to go travelling with?

2. What places have you ever travelled to?

3. Travelling can bring people various kinds of benefits, can’t it?

4. Which type of transportation do you like best when travelling?

5. Why do more and more people start to ride a bike to work?

6. How do you think the government should improve the traffic in big cities?

话题十七 语言学习( Language learning)

1. 你学习英语有多长时间了?_____________________________________________________

2. 学习一门外语最大的益处是什么?_______________________________________________

3. 你认为学习外语最好的方法是什么?_____________________________________________

4. 对你而言,学习外语最大的困难在于什么?________________________________________

5. 你想了解如何才能培养良好的听说能力。__________________________________________

6. 你们国家的教育体制对外语学习是否足够重视?___________________________________

1. How long have you been studying English?

2. What is the biggest benefit of learning a foreign language?

3. What do you think is the best way to learn a foreign language?

4. For you, what is the biggest difficulty in learning a foreign language?

5. How can we improve our listening and speaking?

6. Does the educational system in your country pay enough attention to foreign language study? 话题十八 自然 (Nature)

1. 在你们国家,哪些花具有特殊的含义?____________________________________________

2. 濒危动物是否应该被放到动物园里饲养?_________________________________________

3. 你认为政府对动物的保护力度够不够?___________________________________________

4. 人类与自然界怎样和谐相处?___________________________________________________

5. 最近世界上发生了哪些自然灾害?_______________________________________________

6. 你想知道面对自然灾害,我们应该做些什么。_______________________________________

1. In your country, what kinds of flowers have particular significance?

2. Should endangered animals be raised in the zoo?

3. Do you think the government has done enough to protect the wildlife?

4. How can human beings and nature live in peace?

5. What kinds of natural disasters have happened recently in the world?

6. What should we do when faced with natural disasters?

话题十九 世界与环境 ( The world and the environment)

1. 环境污染有哪些种类?_________________________________________________________

2. 环境污染问题越来越严重,不是吗?______________________________________________

3. 造成环境污染的原因有哪些?___________________________________________________

4. 气候变得越来越极端,对吗?____________________________________________________

5. 你怎么看待温室效应?_________________________________________________________

6. 你想知道人类应当如何保护环境。________________________________________________

1. What kinds of environmental pollution are there?

2. The problem of environmental pollution is getting worse, isn’t it?

3. What have caused environmental pollution?

4. The weather is getting more and more extreme, isn’t it?

5. What do you think of the greenhouse effect?

6. How should human beings protect the environment?

话题二十 科普知识与现代技术(Popular science and technology)

1. 你认为什么样的人能成为一个好的科学家?_______________________________________

2. 发明与发现有什么区别?_______________________________________________________

3. 发明一般要经过哪些步骤。__________________________________________

4. 如何申请发明专利?___________________________________________________________

5. 现代科学发明极大地改善了人们的生活,不是吗?__________________________________

6. 在接下来的10年,你期待看到什么样的发明?______________________________________

1. What kind of person do you think can make a good scientist?

2. What is the difference between an invention and a discovery?

3. What stages must a scientific invention go through?

4. How can people apply for a patent?

5. Modern scientific inventions have greatly improved our lives, haven’t they?

6. What kinds of inventions do you expect to see in the next 10 years?

话题二十一 热点话题 ( Topical issues)

1. 中学生出国留学有什么利弊?___________________________________________________

2. 中学生该不该带手机来学校?___________________________________________________

3. 克隆是件好事还是坏事?_______________________________________________________

4. 政府应采取什么措施解决失业问题?_____________________________________________

5. 机器人将来会取代人类吗?_____________________________________________________

6. 中学生上网是不是件好事。__________________________________________

1. What advantages and disadvantages are there for middle school students to study abroad?

2. Should middle school students bring mobile phones to school?

3. Is cloning a blessing or a curse?

4. What actions should the government take to solve the problem of unemployment?

5. Will robots take the place of human beings in the future?

6. Should middle school students be encouraged to surf the internet?

话题二十二 历史与地理 ( History and geography)

1. 请介绍一下你们国家的地理位置?_______________________________________________

2. 搭乘飞机到达那里需要几个小时?_______________________________________________

3. 你想知道那里发生过什么重大历史事件。__________________________________________

4. 中国是一个历史悠久的国家,不是吗?____________________________________________

5. 现代人对于历史是否给予足够的关注?___________________________________________

6. 了解历史对于年轻人而言为何重要?_____________________________________________

1. Would you please say something about the geography of your country?

2. How many hours does it take to get there by plane?

3. What kinds of historical events have ever happened there?

4. China is a country with a long history, isn’t it?

5. Do modern people pay enough attention to history?

6. Why is it important for young people to learn history?

话题二十三 社会 ( Society)

1. 人们都拥有私家车是件好事吗? ________________________________________________

2. 污染对人们的生活造成哪些影响?_______________________________________________

3. 能否谈论一下你们国家的教育制度?_____________________________________________

4. 我们可以为贫困地区的人做些什么?_____________________________________________

5. 城市是否更易发生犯罪?_______________________________________________________

6. 你想了解在对方国家,残疾人的权益是否受到良好的保护。___________________________

1. Is it a good idea for all people to have their private cars?

2. What effect does pollution have on the life of people?

3. Could you say something about the educational system in your country?

4. What can we do for the people who live in poor areas?

5. Do crimes happen more easily in cities?

6. In your country, are the rights of the disabled well protected?

话题二十四 文学与艺术( Literature and art)

1. 你喜欢古典文学还是现代文学?_________________________________________________

2. 在中国,什么样的书最受欢迎?_________________________________________________

3. 中国四大名著是什么?_________________________________________________________

4. 你最喜爱的画家是谁?_________________________________________________________

5. 你对西方绘画的历史了解多少? __________________________________________________

6. 现代绘画的风格与西方有何不同。____________________________________

1. Do you prefer classical literature or modern literature?

2. What kinds of books are most popular in China?

3. What are the four greatest books in China?

4. Who is your favorite painter?

5. How much do you know about the history of western painting?

6. How does Chinese painting style differ from western painting style?

广东高考英语听说考试考前训练和技巧

广东高考英语听说考前训练及技巧

2013.2.10

广东高考英语人机对话口语考试分三部分:(共60分,折算15分)

第一部分:Reading Aloud 根据视频大声朗读文章,要求流利通顺,文章中有一定的新词汇。(20分) 第二部分:Role Play 要求扮演角色,与电脑互问互答,先根据提示问三个问题,再回答五个问题。

(16分)

第三部分:Oral Competition 口头作文,听一篇文章,然后根据故事梗概和关键词,复述该故事。(24

分)

听说合考总的答题策略:

1、调整话筒,让话筒靠近嘴巴,保证录音质量。

2、养成作好笔记的习惯。

3、录音答题时保持镇定,确保自己的发挥。

Part A 答题技巧

应试技巧:第一遍看视频听录音时,注意力应放在说话者的发音、语调和意群停顿上,同时尽可能地记下一些关键词语。 自我演练时,考生首先要熟悉画外音所叙述的内容,记住需要换气和停顿的地方。第二遍边听录音边看视频上文字时,最为关键的是要注意说话者的语频,并对个别较难发音的词语加以关注。录音时,考生是看着相同的视频片段进行录音。这时最为关键的是语频要与视频上显示的保持一致。一定要读出来,碰到不懂的单词,按字母规律发音,不要不读。

Part B答题技巧

1).听前抢读和预测: 预测可能出现的词汇(尤其是关键词),和出题方向。

如:情景介绍:女士和男士谈论即将来临的面试

预测:关键词interview

可能出题方向 When will you have the interview?

How will you go there?

Are you prepared for /nervous about it?

2)做笔记,抓关键信息

前面的英文短片部分和三问部分是所有听力信息的输入部分,这两部分要做好听力笔记。在三问环节,计算机会回答两遍.计算机回答问题的内容往往是下一部分回答的答案或提示 。

观看英文短片时要在听懂大意的同时 留意涉及的人物、事物、时间、行为等相关信息(5w1h),并适当做笔记,在短时间内强记细节信息,如年代,单价,折扣价,门牌号等。

练习快速记笔记,用最简洁的符号记录信息。如字母/箭头/数字/汉字/图形等。

如:考生用英语提问: 新图书馆周末开放吗?

(Is the library open on weekends?)

计算机回答

(Yes. It‘s open from 9:00 a.m. to 7:00 p.m. on weekends and it opens one hour earlier from Monday to Friday. 播放2遍)

计算机提问

(播放2遍)

考生回答计算机提问 (It opens at 8:00 a.m. from Monday to Friday.)

3)准确获取信息后,考生不需要再关注画面,应更留心使用规范的英语进行问答。

4) 时间上的把握,注意力高度集中(整个过程)

5)放弃过去的信息。

Part B 答题注意事项

1).提问部分

注意选好疑问词(5w1h), 确定用一般疑问句还是特殊疑问句,并以要求扮演的角色身份提问,注意交际实际。

提问时注意使用语法正确的句子,尤其是疑问句的语序和时态。

能提问多少就提问多少,甚至是一个疑问词也可能有分。

• 如提问:你想知道,诊所是否每天都开

• Q: Could you tell me whether the clinic is open every day?

• Compare: Is the clinic open every day?

• When does the clinic open every day?

如:

1.住学校宿舍是否较便宜?

Is it cheaper to live in the school dormitory?

2.天气如何?

What is the weather like?

3.如何从学校到机场?

How can we get to the airport from the school?

4.最近的地铁站在哪里?

Where is the nearest underground station from here?

注意:准备提问时,可简单写下问句,特别是疑问词,使得真正录音时能比较顺畅。

回答机器提问的答案来自:

(1)机器对考生的提问的回答

(2)前面的英文短片部分 所以考生要适当做些笔记

注意:回答问题时可用省略句式。

如:How long does a letter take to reach Japan? -----About ten days.

What are they talking about?-----Environmental problems.

Part B 部分备考策略

1. 平常多练习朗读课文,纠正自己的语音语调。

2. 可以选用原来的听力材料来训练,不同的是不再做选择题。而是对倾听的材料提问并回答听力材料中的内容。

3. 加强语言基本功, 掌握听力技巧。

4. 多听多练, 熟练掌握答题技巧。

Part C 部分备考策略

(一) 听取故事时,要注意:

1.宏观把握,注意开头句;

2.记录关键词。

(二) 复述故事时,要注意:

1.明确复述时使用的人称或称谓;

2.代词he、she要弄清,正确使用单复数、时态、句子转承时的连词;

3.复述要连贯,不要连续重复某个词或某句话。

(三)答题技巧

1、在录音播放两遍的过程中,做好听力笔记。要记好关键词,方便自己构思复述。

2、不要背诵,要用自己的话复述。

(四)学习策略

用独白形式的、结构完整、情节清楚的听力材料进行练习。

Part C 部分常规训练建议

1.课堂上大胆发言,把握一切可以锻炼英语口语的机会提高口头表达能力;

2.充分利用课堂教学素材,选取故事性较强的文章或段落进行复述训练;

3.有意识地培养速记的能力,积累丰富有效的速记符号;

4.礼用旧题型的听力材料,进行听说训练。忽略旧题型的选项部分,一边听一边记录要点,训练听取大意、获取要点以及已记录要点的能力,同时用自己的语言进行复述,强化故事复述能力的培养。 2013-1-10

第二部分 听说三问强化训练

话题一 个人情况(Personal information)

1. 你的名字有什么特殊的意义吗?_________________________________________________

2. 你的家乡在哪里?_____________________________________________________________ 3 能否谈一下你最喜爱的兴趣或爱好?_____________________________________________

4. 你擅长和不擅长的事情是?_____________________________________________________

5. 你认为自己有什么优点和缺点?_________________________________________________

6. ____________________________________________

1. Does your name have any special meaning?

2. Where is your hometown? / Where do you come from?/ Where are you from?

3. Could you say something about your favorite hobby or interest?

4. What are you especially good at and what are you not?

5. What kind of merits and shortcomings do you think you have?

6. What kind of career do you want to take in the future?

话题二 家庭、朋友与周围的人(Family, friends and people around)

1. 能否谈谈你的家庭情况?_______________________________________________________

2. 父母亲是最好的老师,不是吗?__________________________________________________

3. 你认为父母应该如何教育孩子?_________________________________________________

4. 你认为朋友在你生命中重要吗?__________________________________________________

5. 你通常是怎样结交朋友?________________________________________________________

6. 你认为在网上能结交到真正的朋友吗?___________________________________________

7. 你是否和室友和谐相处?_______________________________________________________

8. 好室友都有什么共同点?_______________________________________________________

9. 你想了解如何和室友建立良好的关系。____________________________________________

1. Could you say something about your family?

2. Parents are our best teachers, aren’t they?

3. How do you think parents should educate their children?

4. Do you think friends play an important part in your life?

5. How do you usually make friends?

6. Do you think it is possible to make real friends online?

7. Are you getting along well with your roommates?/ Do you live in peace with your roommates?

8. What kind of similarities do good roommates share?

9. How can we set up a good relationship with our roommates?

话题三 周围的环境 (Personal environments)

1. ______________________________________________

2. 能否描述一下你的住所呢?_____________________________________________________

3. 你在那里住多久了?___________________________________________________________

4. 你认为居住在那里怎么样?_____________________________________________________

5. 你的住所有什么优点和不足?___________________________________________________

6. 住在学校和住在家里,你更喜欢哪个?_________________________________________

1. Do you live in your school dormitory at present?

2. Could you describe the place you live in?

3. How long have you lived there?

4. How do you feel about living there?

5. What kind of advantages and disadvantages does the place you live in have?

6. Which do you prefer, living on campus or living at home?

话题四 日常生活( Daily routines)

1. 你一天中最忙碌的是哪段时间?_________________________________________________

2. 一般来说,你什么时间有空?____________________________________________________

3. ________________________________________________

4. 空余时间你喜欢独处还是和朋友一起?___________________________________________

5. 周末对你而言重要吗?_________________________________________________________

6. 你通常怎么度过周末?_________________________________________________________

1. What is the busiest part of your day?

2. Generally speaking, when are you free?

3. What is your favorite way to relax?

4. Do you prefer to spend your free time alone or with your friends?

5. Are weekends important to you?

6. How do you usually spend your weekends?

话题五 学校生活( School life)

1. 你们目前在学校学习哪些科目?_________________________________________________

2. 你觉得哪个科目最实用?_______________________________________________________

3. 在学习方面,你有什么不满的地方吗?____________________________________________

4. 你的高中生活是否快乐又充实?_________________________________________________

5. 最让你难忘的高中生活经历?___________________________________________________

6. _______________________________________________ 1.

2.

3.

4.

5.

6. What subjects are you learning at school for the moment? Which subject do you think is most practical? Is there anything you are not satisfied with about your studies? Is your high school life happy and full? What is the most unforgettable experience in you high school life? What advantages and disadvantages does living in a school dormitory have?

话题六 兴趣与爱好( Interests and hobbies)

1. 你最喜欢的运动是什么?_______________________________________________________

2. ___________________________________________________

3.你喜欢单独一人运动还是和朋友一起? ___________________________________________

4. 人们的爱好会随着年龄的增长而改变吗?_________________________________________

5. 在爱好上投入过多的时间是否会带来负面影响?___________________________________

7. 你认为男人和女人是否通常拥有不同的兴趣?_____________________________________

1. What is your most favorite sport? / What kind of sport do you like best?

2. What is special about it?

3. Do you prefer to do sports alone or with your friends?

4. Will people’s hobbies change as they get older?

5. Will spending too much time on hobbies bring us negative effects?

6. Do you think that men and women usually have different interests?

话题七 个人情感( Emotions)

1. 你最近感觉如何?_____________________________________________________________

2. 什么事情会令你感到焦虑?_____________________________________________________

3. _________________________________________

4. ____________________________________

5. 压力是无法避免的,不是吗?____________________________________________________

6. 适度的压力有利于更高效的学习,对吗?__________________________________________

1. How do you feel recently?

2. What kind of things will make you feel worried?

3. How do you usually get rid of worries?

4. Does the competition in studies make you feel stressed?

5. Stress is something that we can not avoid, isn’t it?

6. Stress of a proper degree is beneficial to us, isn’t it?

话题八 人际关系( Interpersonal relationships)

1. 你认为人际关系在人们生活中起到什么作用?_____________________________________

2. 与人和谐相处为何重要?_______________________________________________________

3. 你如何和父母、老师、同学相处?________________________________________________

4. ________________________________

5. 你认为幽默可以改善人际关系吗?_______________________________________________

6. 你是否有过与人相处不愉快的经历?_____________________________________________

1. What role do you think personal relationship plays in our life?

2. Why is it important to live in peace with others?

3. How do you get along with your parents, your teachers and your classmates?

4. What kind of personalities do you think are helpful for establishing a friendly relationship with others?

5. Do you think humor helps to improve our relationship with others?

6. Have you ever had any unpleasant experience of not getting along well with others?

话题九 计划与愿望 ( Plans and intentions)

1. 你有规划自己生活的习惯吗?___________________________________________________

2. 你期望被哪所大学录取?_______________________________________________________

3. 你打算就读什么专业?_________________________________________________________

4. 你考虑过出国深造吗?_________________________________________________________

5. ________________________________________

6. 你最大的人生目标是什么?_____________________________________________________

1. Do you have the habit of planning your life?

2. Which university do you expect to get admitted to?

3. What subject do you want to major in?

4. Have you ever thought of going to get some further education abroad?

5. Is it possible that you start your own business in the future?

6. What is your biggest life goal?

话题十 节假日活动( Festivals, holidays and celebrations)

1. 能否介绍一下你们国家最盛大的传统节日?_______________________________________

2. 这个节日有什么特别的意义吗?_________________________________________________

3. ________________________________________________

4. 你最喜欢哪个节日?___________________________________________________________

5. 过节时你最喜欢做的事情是什么?_______________________________________________

6. 你觉得什么节日将来会更受欢迎?_______________________________________________

1. Could you please say something about the biggest traditional festival in your country?

2. Does this festival have any special meaning?

3. How do people celebrate this holiday?

4. What is your favorite festival?

5. What do you enjoy doing most during festivals?

6. What kind of festivals do you think will become more popular in the future?

话题十一 购物(Shopping)

1. 你喜欢购物吗?_______________________________________________________________

2. 你每周花多少时间购物?_______________________________________________________

3. 你比较重视质量还是价格?____________________________________________________

4. 你买过二手货吗?____________________________________________________________

5. 你最常逛的是哪类商店?______________________________________________________

6. _____________________________________________

1. Do you enjoy shopping?

2. How much time do you spend on shopping every week?

3. Do you pay more attention to quality or to price? / Which do you pay more attention to, quality or price?

4. Have you even bought second-hand things?

5. What kinds of shops do you usually go to?

6. Have you ever tried online shopping?

话题十二 饮食(Food and drink)

1. 你特别喜欢哪些类型的食物?___________________________________________________

2. 在你家中通常谁做饭?_________________________________________________________

3. 你喜欢在家里吃饭还是在餐馆吃饭?_____________________________________________

4.你认为什么是健康的饮食?______________________________________________________

5.经常吃快餐弊大于利,不是吗?___________________________________________________

6_________________________________________________

1. What kinds of food do you particularly like?

2. Who usually cooks in your home? / Who usually does the cooking in your home?

3. Do you prefer to eat at home or in restaurants?

4. What do you think is a healthy diet?

5. There are more disadvantages than advantages about eating fast food, aren’t there?

6. What is the main food in your country?

话题十三 健康( Health)

1. 什么才是健康的饮食习惯?_____________________________________________________

2. 睡眠不足对健康有什么影响?___________________________________________________

3. 吸烟为何有害健康?___________________________________________________________

4. 什么样的锻炼有助于健康?_____________________________________________________

5. 你想了解怎样可以保持心理的健康。______________________________________________

6.身心健康的人更长寿,对吗?____________________________________________________

1. What is a healthy diet?

2. What effect does lack of sleep have on our health?

3. Why is smoking harmful to our health?

4. What kinds of physical exercise help us to keep healthy?

5. How can we stay healthy mentally?

6. Those who stay healthy both physically and mentally tend to live longer, don’t they?

话题十四 天气( Weather)

1. 一年中你最喜欢哪个季节?_____________________________________________________

2. 天气潮湿时你会做什么?_______________________________________________________

3. 你的城市经常很热吗?_________________________________________________________

4. 能否比较一下你家乡和其它城市的气候?_________________________________________

5. 降雨对人们的生活产生怎样的影响?_____________________________________________

6. ________________________________________

1. What is your favorite season of the year?

2. What will you do when the weather is wet? / What will you do on wet days?

3. Is it often very hot in your city?

4. Could you compare the climate in your hometown with that in other cities?

5. How does rain affect people’s life? / What kind of effect does rain have on people’s life?

6. What is the relationship between the climate and human activities?

话题十五 文娱与体育( Entertainment and sports)

1. 你多久看一次电影?___________________________________________________________

2. 假如你有机会学习演奏一种乐器,你会选择哪种乐器?______________________________

3. 你想知道学习音乐有什么好处。__________________________________________________

4. 你觉得哪种运动将来会更受欢迎?_______________________________________________

5. 运动在我们生活中起到什么作用?_______________________________________________

6. 越来越多的人开始意识到运动的重要性,对吗?____________________________________

1. How often do you go to see a film?

2. If you had the chance to learn a musical instrument, what musical instrument would you like to learn?

3. What benefits can people get by studying music?

4. Which sport do you think will become more popular in the future?

5. What role does sport play in our life?

6. More and more people get to know the importance of doing sports, don’t they?

话题十六 旅游与交通( Travel and transport)

1. 你通常喜欢和谁一起去旅行?___________________________________________________

2. 你游览过哪些地方?___________________________________________________________

3. 旅游能给人们带来各种各样的好处,对吗?________________________________________

4. 你旅游时最喜欢哪种交通方式?_________________________________________________

5. 你想知道为什么越来越多的人开始骑自行车上班。__________________________________

6. 你认为政府应当如何改善大城市的交通状况?_____________________________________

1. Who would you usually prefer to go travelling with?

2. What places have you ever travelled to?

3. Travelling can bring people various kinds of benefits, can’t it?

4. Which type of transportation do you like best when travelling?

5. Why do more and more people start to ride a bike to work?

6. How do you think the government should improve the traffic in big cities?

话题十七 语言学习( Language learning)

1. 你学习英语有多长时间了?_____________________________________________________

2. 学习一门外语最大的益处是什么?_______________________________________________

3. 你认为学习外语最好的方法是什么?_____________________________________________

4. 对你而言,学习外语最大的困难在于什么?________________________________________

5. __________________________________________

6. 你们国家的教育体制对外语学习是否足够重视?___________________________________

1. How long have you been studying English?

2. What is the biggest benefit of learning a foreign language?

3. What do you think is the best way to learn a foreign language?

4. For you, what is the biggest difficulty in learning a foreign language?

5. How can we improve our listening and speaking?

6. Does the educational system in your country pay enough attention to foreign language study? 话题十八 自然 (Nature)

1. 在你们国家,哪些花具有特殊的含义?____________________________________________

2. 濒危动物是否应该被放到动物园里饲养?_________________________________________

3. 你认为政府对动物的保护力度够不够?___________________________________________

4. 人类与自然界怎样和谐相处?___________________________________________________

5. 最近世界上发生了哪些自然灾害?_______________________________________________

6. _______________________________________

1. In your country, what kinds of flowers have particular significance?

2. Should endangered animals be raised in the zoo?

3. Do you think the government has done enough to protect the wildlife?

4. How can human beings and nature live in peace?

5. What kinds of natural disasters have happened recently in the world?

6. What should we do when faced with natural disasters?

话题十九 世界与环境 ( The world and the environment)

1. 环境污染有哪些种类?_________________________________________________________

2. 环境污染问题越来越严重,不是吗?______________________________________________

3. 造成环境污染的原因有哪些?___________________________________________________

4. 气候变得越来越极端,对吗?____________________________________________________

5. 你怎么看待温室效应?_________________________________________________________

6. ________________________________________________

1. What kinds of environmental pollution are there?

2. The problem of environmental pollution is getting worse, isn’t it?

3. What have caused environmental pollution?

4. The weather is getting more and more extreme, isn’t it?

5. What do you think of the greenhouse effect?

6. How should human beings protect the environment?

话题二十 科普知识与现代技术(Popular science and technology)

1. 你认为什么样的人能成为一个好的科学家?_______________________________________

2. 发明与发现有什么区别?_______________________________________________________

3. __________________________________________

4. 如何申请发明专利?___________________________________________________________

5. 现代科学发明极大地改善了人们的生活,不是吗?__________________________________

6. 在接下来的10年,你期待看到什么样的发明?______________________________________

1. What kind of person do you think can make a good scientist?

2. What is the difference between an invention and a discovery?

3. What stages must a scientific invention go through?

4. How can people apply for a patent?

5. Modern scientific inventions have greatly improved our lives, haven’t they?

6. What kinds of inventions do you expect to see in the next 10 years?

话题二十一 热点话题 ( Topical issues)

1. 中学生出国留学有什么利弊?___________________________________________________

2. 中学生该不该带手机来学校?___________________________________________________

3. 克隆是件好事还是坏事?_______________________________________________________

4. 政府应采取什么措施解决失业问题?_____________________________________________

5. 机器人将来会取代人类吗?_____________________________________________________

6. __________________________________________

1. What advantages and disadvantages are there for middle school students to study abroad?

2. Should middle school students bring mobile phones to school?

3. Is cloning a blessing or a curse?

4. What actions should the government take to solve the problem of unemployment?

5. Will robots take the place of human beings in the future?

6. Should middle school students be encouraged to surf the internet?

话题二十二 历史与地理 ( History and geography)

1. 请介绍一下你们国家的地理位置?_______________________________________________

2. 搭乘飞机到达那里需要几个小时?_______________________________________________

3. 你想知道那里发生过什么重大历史事件。__________________________________________

4. 中国是一个历史悠久的国家,不是吗?____________________________________________

5. 现代人对于历史是否给予足够的关注?___________________________________________

6. 了解历史对于年轻人而言为何重要?_____________________________________________

1. Would you please say something about the geography of your country?

2. How many hours does it take to get there by plane?

3. What kinds of historical events have ever happened there?

4. China is a country with a long history, isn’t it?

5. Do modern people pay enough attention to history?

6. Why is it important for young people to learn history?

话题二十三 社会 ( Society)

1. 人们都拥有私家车是件好事吗? ________________________________________________

2. 污染对人们的生活造成哪些影响?_______________________________________________

3. 能否谈论一下你们国家的教育制度?_____________________________________________

4. 我们可以为贫困地区的人做些什么?_____________________________________________

5. 城市是否更易发生犯罪?_______________________________________________________

6. 你想了解在对方国家,残疾人的权益是否受到良好的保护。___________________________

1. Is it a good idea for all people to have their private cars?

2. What effect does pollution have on the life of people?

3. Could you say something about the educational system in your country?

4. What can we do for the people who live in poor areas?

5. Do crimes happen more easily in cities?

6. In your country, are the rights of the disabled well protected?

话题二十四 文学与艺术( Literature and art)

1. 你喜欢古典文学还是现代文学?_________________________________________________

2. 在中国,什么样的书最受欢迎?_________________________________________________

3. 中国四大名著是什么?_________________________________________________________

4. 你最喜爱的画家是谁?_________________________________________________________

5. 你对西方绘画的历史了解多少? __________________________________________________

6. 你想知道中国现代绘画的风格与西方有何不同。____________________________________

1. Do you prefer classical literature or modern literature?

2. What kinds of books are most popular in China?

3. What are the four greatest books in China?

4. Who is your favorite painter?

5. How much do you know about the history of western painting?

6. How does Chinese painting style differ from western painting style?

广东高考英语听说考试考前的训练和技巧

这个挺好的!!

广东高考英语听说考前训练及技巧

2013.2.10

广东高考英语人机对话口语考试分三部分:(共60分,折算15分)

第一部分:Reading Aloud 根据视频大声朗读文章,要求流利通顺,文章中有一定的新词汇。(20分) 第二部分:Role Play 要求扮演角色,与电脑互问互答,先根据提示问三个问题,再回答五个问题。

(16分)

第三部分:Oral Competition 口头作文,听一篇文章,然后根据故事梗概和关键词,复述该故事。(24

分)

听说合考总的答题策略:

1、调整话筒,让话筒靠近嘴巴,保证录音质量。

2、养成作好笔记的习惯。

3、录音答题时保持镇定,确保自己的发挥。

Part A 答题技巧

应试技巧:第一遍看视频听录音时,注意力应放在说话者的发音、语调和意群停顿上,同时尽可能地记下一些关键词语。 自我演练时,考生首先要熟悉画外音所叙述的内容,记住需要换气和停顿的地方。第二遍边听录音边看视频上文字时,最为关键的是要注意说话者的语频,并对个别较难发音的词语加以关注。录音时,考生是看着相同的视频片段进行录音。这时最为关键的是语频要与视频上显示的保持一致。一定要读出来,碰到不懂的单词,按字母规律发音,不要不读。

Part B答题技巧

1).听前抢读和预测: 预测可能出现的词汇(尤其是关键词),和出题方向。

如:情景介绍:女士和男士谈论即将来临的面试

预测:关键词interview

可能出题方向 When will you have the interview?

How will you go there?

Are you prepared for /nervous about it?

2)做笔记,抓关键信息

前面的英文短片部分和三问部分是所有听力信息的输入部分,这两部分要做好听力笔记。在三问环节,计算机会回答两遍.计算机回答问题的内容往往是下一部分回答的答案或提示 。

观看英文短片时要在听懂大意的同时 留意涉及的人物、事物、时间、行为等相关信息(5w1h),并适当做笔记,在短时间内强记细节信息,如年代,单价,折扣价,门牌号等。

练习快速记笔记,用最简洁的符号记录信息。如字母/箭头/数字/汉字/图形等。

如:考生用英语提问: 新图书馆周末开放吗?

(Is the library open on weekends?)

计算机回答

(Yes. It‘s open from 9:00 a.m. to 7:00 p.m. on weekends and it opens one hour earlier from Monday to Friday.

播放2遍)

计算机提问

(播放2遍)

考生回答计算机提问 (It opens at 8:00 a.m. from Monday to Friday.)

3)准确获取信息后,考生不需要再关注画面,应更留心使用规范的英语进行问答。

4) 时间上的把握,注意力高度集中(整个过程)

5)放弃过去的信息。

Part B 答题注意事项

1).提问部分

注意选好疑问词(5w1h), 确定用一般疑问句还是特殊疑问句,并以要求扮演的角色身份提问,注意交际实际。

提问时注意使用语法正确的句子,尤其是疑问句的语序和时态。

能提问多少就提问多少,甚至是一个疑问词也可能有分。

• 如提问:你想知道,诊所是否每天都开

• Q: Could you tell me whether the clinic is open every day?

• Compare: Is the clinic open every day?

• When does the clinic open every day?

如:

1.住学校宿舍是否较便宜?

Is it cheaper to live in the school dormitory?

2.天气如何?

What is the weather like?

3.如何从学校到机场?

How can we get to the airport from the school?

4.最近的地铁站在哪里?

Where is the nearest underground station from here?

注意:准备提问时,可简单写下问句,特别是疑问词,使得真正录音时能比较顺畅。

回答机器提问的答案来自:

(1)机器对考生的提问的回答

(2)前面的英文短片部分 所以考生要适当做些笔记

注意:回答问题时可用省略句式。

如:How long does a letter take to reach Japan? -----About ten days.

What are they talking about?-----Environmental problems.

Part B 部分备考策略

1. 平常多练习朗读课文,纠正自己的语音语调。

2. 可以选用原来的听力材料来训练,不同的是不再做选择题。而是对倾听的材料提问并回答听力材料中的内容。

3. 加强语言基本功, 掌握听力技巧。

4. 多听多练, 熟练掌握答题技巧。

Part C 部分备考策略

(一) 听取故事时,要注意:

1.宏观把握,注意开头句;

2.记录关键词。

(二) 复述故事时,要注意:

1.明确复述时使用的人称或称谓;

2.代词he、she要弄清,正确使用单复数、时态、句子转承时的连词;

3.复述要连贯,不要连续重复某个词或某句话。

(三)答题技巧

1、在录音播放两遍的过程中,做好听力笔记。要记好关键词,方便自己构思复述。

2、不要背诵,要用自己的话复述。

(四)学习策略

用独白形式的、结构完整、情节清楚的听力材料进行练习。

Part C 部分常规训练建议

1.课堂上大胆发言,把握一切可以锻炼英语口语的机会提高口头表达能力;

2.充分利用课堂教学素材,选取故事性较强的文章或段落进行复述训练;

3.有意识地培养速记的能力,积累丰富有效的速记符号;

4.礼用旧题型的听力材料,进行听说训练。忽略旧题型的选项部分,一边听一边记录要点,训练听取大意、获取要点以及已记录要点的能力,同时用自己的语言进行复述,强化故事复述能力的培养。 2013-1-10

第二部分 听说三问强化训练

话题一 个人情况(Personal information)

1. 你的名字有什么特殊的意义吗?_________________________________________________

2. 你的家乡在哪里?_____________________________________________________________ 3 能否谈一下你最喜爱的兴趣或爱好?_____________________________________________

4. 你擅长和不擅长的事情是?_____________________________________________________

5. 你认为自己有什么优点和缺点?_________________________________________________

6. ____________________________________________

1. Does your name have any special meaning?

2. Where is your hometown? / Where do you come from?/ Where are you from?

3. Could you say something about your favorite hobby or interest?

4. What are you especially good at and what are you not?

5. What kind of merits and shortcomings do you think you have?

6. What kind of career do you want to take in the future?

话题二 家庭、朋友与周围的人(Family, friends and people around)

1. 能否谈谈你的家庭情况?_______________________________________________________

2. 父母亲是最好的老师,不是吗?__________________________________________________

3. 你认为父母应该如何教育孩子?_________________________________________________

4. 你认为朋友在你生命中重要吗?__________________________________________________

5. 你通常是怎样结交朋友?________________________________________________________

6. 你认为在网上能结交到真正的朋友吗?___________________________________________

7. 你是否和室友和谐相处?_______________________________________________________

8. 好室友都有什么共同点?_______________________________________________________

9. 你想了解如何和室友建立良好的关系。____________________________________________

1. Could you say something about your family?

2. Parents are our best teachers, aren’t they?

3. How do you think parents should educate their children?

4. Do you think friends play an important part in your life?

5. How do you usually make friends?

6. Do you think it is possible to make real friends online?

7. Are you getting along well with your roommates?/ Do you live in peace with your roommates?

8. What kind of similarities do good roommates share?

9. How can we set up a good relationship with our roommates?

话题三 周围的环境 (Personal environments)

1. ______________________________________________

2. 能否描述一下你的住所呢?_____________________________________________________

3. 你在那里住多久了?___________________________________________________________

4. 你认为居住在那里怎么样?_____________________________________________________

5. 你的住所有什么优点和不足?___________________________________________________

6. 住在学校和住在家里,你更喜欢哪个?_________________________________________

1. Do you live in your school dormitory at present?

2. Could you describe the place you live in?

3. How long have you lived there?

4. How do you feel about living there?

5. What kind of advantages and disadvantages does the place you live in have?

6. Which do you prefer, living on campus or living at home?

话题四 日常生活( Daily routines)

1. 你一天中最忙碌的是哪段时间?_________________________________________________

2. 一般来说,你什么时间有空?____________________________________________________

3. ________________________________________________

4. 空余时间你喜欢独处还是和朋友一起?___________________________________________

5. 周末对你而言重要吗?_________________________________________________________

6. 你通常怎么度过周末?_________________________________________________________

1. What is the busiest part of your day?

2. Generally speaking, when are you free?

3. What is your favorite way to relax?

4. Do you prefer to spend your free time alone or with your friends?

5. Are weekends important to you?

6. How do you usually spend your weekends?

话题五 学校生活( School life)

1. 你们目前在学校学习哪些科目?_________________________________________________

2. 你觉得哪个科目最实用?_______________________________________________________

3. 在学习方面,你有什么不满的地方吗?____________________________________________

4. 你的高中生活是否快乐又充实?_________________________________________________

5. 最让你难忘的高中生活经历?___________________________________________________

6. 你想了解住在学校宿舍有何利弊。_______________________________________________ 1.

2.

3.

4.

5.

6. What subjects are you learning at school for the moment? Which subject do you think is most practical? Is there anything you are not satisfied with about your studies? Is your high school life happy and full? What is the most unforgettable experience in you high school life? What advantages and disadvantages does living in a school dormitory have?

话题六 兴趣与爱好( Interests and hobbies)

1. 你最喜欢的运动是什么?_______________________________________________________

2. ___________________________________________________

3.你喜欢单独一人运动还是和朋友一起? ___________________________________________

4. 人们的爱好会随着年龄的增长而改变吗?_________________________________________

5. 在爱好上投入过多的时间是否会带来负面影响?___________________________________

7. 你认为男人和女人是否通常拥有不同的兴趣?_____________________________________

1. What is your most favorite sport? / What kind of sport do you like best?

2. What is special about it?

3. Do you prefer to do sports alone or with your friends?

4. Will people’s hobbies change as they get older?

5. Will spending too much time on hobbies bring us negative effects?

6. Do you think that men and women usually have different interests?

话题七 个人情感( Emotions)

1. 你最近感觉如何?_____________________________________________________________

2. 什么事情会令你感到焦虑?_____________________________________________________

3. _________________________________________

4. ____________________________________

5. 压力是无法避免的,不是吗?____________________________________________________

6. 适度的压力有利于更高效的学习,对吗?__________________________________________

1. How do you feel recently?

2. What kind of things will make you feel worried?

3. How do you usually get rid of worries?

4. Does the competition in studies make you feel stressed?

5. Stress is something that we can not avoid, isn’t it?

6. Stress of a proper degree is beneficial to us, isn’t it?

话题八 人际关系( Interpersonal relationships)

1. 你认为人际关系在人们生活中起到什么作用?_____________________________________

2. 与人和谐相处为何重要?_______________________________________________________

3. 你如何和父母、老师、同学相处?________________________________________________

4. ________________________________

5. 你认为幽默可以改善人际关系吗?_______________________________________________

6. 你是否有过与人相处不愉快的经历?_____________________________________________

1. What role do you think personal relationship plays in our life?

2. Why is it important to live in peace with others?

3. How do you get along with your parents, your teachers and your classmates?

4. What kind of personalities do you think are helpful for establishing a friendly relationship with others?

5. Do you think humor helps to improve our relationship with others?

6. Have you ever had any unpleasant experience of not getting along well with others?

话题九 计划与愿望 ( Plans and intentions)

1. 你有规划自己生活的习惯吗?___________________________________________________

2. 你期望被哪所大学录取?_______________________________________________________

3. 你打算就读什么专业?_________________________________________________________

4. 你考虑过出国深造吗?_________________________________________________________

5. ________________________________________

6. 你最大的人生目标是什么?_____________________________________________________

1. Do you have the habit of planning your life?

2. Which university do you expect to get admitted to?

3. What subject do you want to major in?

4. Have you ever thought of going to get some further education abroad?

5. Is it possible that you start your own business in the future?

6. What is your biggest life goal?

话题十 节假日活动( Festivals, holidays and celebrations)

1. 能否介绍一下你们国家最盛大的传统节日?_______________________________________

2. 这个节日有什么特别的意义吗?_________________________________________________

3. 你想了解人们如何庆祝这个节日。________________________________________________

4. 你最喜欢哪个节日?___________________________________________________________

5. 过节时你最喜欢做的事情是什么?_______________________________________________

6. 你觉得什么节日将来会更受欢迎?_______________________________________________

1. Could you please say something about the biggest traditional festival in your country?

2. Does this festival have any special meaning?

3. How do people celebrate this holiday?

4. What is your favorite festival?

5. What do you enjoy doing most during festivals?

6. What kind of festivals do you think will become more popular in the future?

话题十一 购物(Shopping)

1. 你喜欢购物吗?_______________________________________________________________

2. 你每周花多少时间购物?_______________________________________________________

3. 你比较重视质量还是价格?____________________________________________________

4. 你买过二手货吗?____________________________________________________________

5. 你最常逛的是哪类商店?______________________________________________________

6. 你想知道对方有否尝试过网上购物。_____________________________________________

1. Do you enjoy shopping?

2. How much time do you spend on shopping every week?

3. Do you pay more attention to quality or to price? / Which do you pay more attention to, quality or price?

4. Have you even bought second-hand things?

5. What kinds of shops do you usually go to?

6. Have you ever tried online shopping?

话题十二 饮食(Food and drink)

1. 你特别喜欢哪些类型的食物?___________________________________________________

2. 在你家中通常谁做饭?_________________________________________________________

3. 你喜欢在家里吃饭还是在餐馆吃饭?_____________________________________________

4.你认为什么是健康的饮食?______________________________________________________

5.经常吃快餐弊大于利,不是吗?___________________________________________________

6_________________________________________________

1. What kinds of food do you particularly like?

2. Who usually cooks in your home? / Who usually does the cooking in your home?

3. Do you prefer to eat at home or in restaurants?

4. What do you think is a healthy diet?

5. There are more disadvantages than advantages about eating fast food, aren’t there?

6. What is the main food in your country?

话题十三 健康( Health)

1. 什么才是健康的饮食习惯?_____________________________________________________

2. 睡眠不足对健康有什么影响?___________________________________________________

3. 吸烟为何有害健康?___________________________________________________________

4. 什么样的锻炼有助于健康?_____________________________________________________

5. 你想了解怎样可以保持心理的健康。______________________________________________

6.身心健康的人更长寿,对吗?____________________________________________________

1. What is a healthy diet?

2. What effect does lack of sleep have on our health?

3. Why is smoking harmful to our health?

4. What kinds of physical exercise help us to keep healthy?

5. How can we stay healthy mentally?

6. Those who stay healthy both physically and mentally tend to live longer, don’t they?

话题十四 天气( Weather)

1. 一年中你最喜欢哪个季节?_____________________________________________________

2. 天气潮湿时你会做什么?_______________________________________________________

3. 你的城市经常很热吗?_________________________________________________________

4. 能否比较一下你家乡和其它城市的气候?_________________________________________

5. 降雨对人们的生活产生怎样的影响?_____________________________________________

6. 你想知道气候与人类活动之间有什么关系。________________________________________

1. What is your favorite season of the year?

2. What will you do when the weather is wet? / What will you do on wet days?

3. Is it often very hot in your city?

4. Could you compare the climate in your hometown with that in other cities?

5. How does rain affect people’s life? / What kind of effect does rain have on people’s life?

6. What is the relationship between the climate and human activities?

话题十五 文娱与体育( Entertainment and sports)

1. 你多久看一次电影?___________________________________________________________

2. 假如你有机会学习演奏一种乐器,你会选择哪种乐器?______________________________

3. __________________________________________________

4. 你觉得哪种运动将来会更受欢迎?_______________________________________________

5. 运动在我们生活中起到什么作用?_______________________________________________

6. 越来越多的人开始意识到运动的重要性,对吗?____________________________________

1. How often do you go to see a film?

2. If you had the chance to learn a musical instrument, what musical instrument would you like to learn?

3. What benefits can people get by studying music?

4. Which sport do you think will become more popular in the future?

5. What role does sport play in our life?

6. More and more people get to know the importance of doing sports, don’t they?

话题十六 旅游与交通( Travel and transport)

1. 你通常喜欢和谁一起去旅行?___________________________________________________

2. 你游览过哪些地方?___________________________________________________________

3. 旅游能给人们带来各种各样的好处,对吗?________________________________________

4. 你旅游时最喜欢哪种交通方式?_________________________________________________

5. __________________________________

6. 你认为政府应当如何改善大城市的交通状况?_____________________________________

1. Who would you usually prefer to go travelling with?

2. What places have you ever travelled to?

3. Travelling can bring people various kinds of benefits, can’t it?

4. Which type of transportation do you like best when travelling?

5. Why do more and more people start to ride a bike to work?

6. How do you think the government should improve the traffic in big cities?

话题十七 语言学习( Language learning)

1. 你学习英语有多长时间了?_____________________________________________________

2. 学习一门外语最大的益处是什么?_______________________________________________

3. 你认为学习外语最好的方法是什么?_____________________________________________

4. 对你而言,学习外语最大的困难在于什么?________________________________________

5. __________________________________________

6. 你们国家的教育体制对外语学习是否足够重视?___________________________________

1. How long have you been studying English?

2. What is the biggest benefit of learning a foreign language?

3. What do you think is the best way to learn a foreign language?

4. For you, what is the biggest difficulty in learning a foreign language?

5. How can we improve our listening and speaking?

6. Does the educational system in your country pay enough attention to foreign language study? 话题十八 自然 (Nature)

1. 在你们国家,哪些花具有特殊的含义?____________________________________________

2. 濒危动物是否应该被放到动物园里饲养?_________________________________________

3. 你认为政府对动物的保护力度够不够?___________________________________________

4. 人类与自然界怎样和谐相处?___________________________________________________

5. 最近世界上发生了哪些自然灾害?_______________________________________________

6. 你想知道面对自然灾害,我们应该做些什么。_______________________________________

1. In your country, what kinds of flowers have particular significance?

2. Should endangered animals be raised in the zoo?

3. Do you think the government has done enough to protect the wildlife?

4. How can human beings and nature live in peace?

5. What kinds of natural disasters have happened recently in the world?

6. What should we do when faced with natural disasters?

话题十九 世界与环境 ( The world and the environment)

1. 环境污染有哪些种类?_________________________________________________________

2. 环境污染问题越来越严重,不是吗?______________________________________________

3. 造成环境污染的原因有哪些?___________________________________________________

4. 气候变得越来越极端,对吗?____________________________________________________

5. 你怎么看待温室效应?_________________________________________________________

6. ________________________________________________

1. What kinds of environmental pollution are there?

2. The problem of environmental pollution is getting worse, isn’t it?

3. What have caused environmental pollution?

4. The weather is getting more and more extreme, isn’t it?

5. What do you think of the greenhouse effect?

6. How should human beings protect the environment?

话题二十 科普知识与现代技术(Popular science and technology)

1. 你认为什么样的人能成为一个好的科学家?_______________________________________

2. 发明与发现有什么区别?_______________________________________________________

3. __________________________________________

4. 如何申请发明专利?___________________________________________________________

5. 现代科学发明极大地改善了人们的生活,不是吗?__________________________________

6. 在接下来的10年,你期待看到什么样的发明?______________________________________

1. What kind of person do you think can make a good scientist?

2. What is the difference between an invention and a discovery?

3. What stages must a scientific invention go through?

4. How can people apply for a patent?

5. Modern scientific inventions have greatly improved our lives, haven’t they?

6. What kinds of inventions do you expect to see in the next 10 years?

话题二十一 热点话题 ( Topical issues)

1. 中学生出国留学有什么利弊?___________________________________________________

2. 中学生该不该带手机来学校?___________________________________________________

3. 克隆是件好事还是坏事?_______________________________________________________

4. 政府应采取什么措施解决失业问题?_____________________________________________

5. 机器人将来会取代人类吗?_____________________________________________________

6. __________________________________________

1. What advantages and disadvantages are there for middle school students to study abroad?

2. Should middle school students bring mobile phones to school?

3. Is cloning a blessing or a curse?

4. What actions should the government take to solve the problem of unemployment?

5. Will robots take the place of human beings in the future?

6. Should middle school students be encouraged to surf the internet?

话题二十二 历史与地理 ( History and geography)

1. 请介绍一下你们国家的地理位置?_______________________________________________

2. 搭乘飞机到达那里需要几个小时?_______________________________________________

3. __________________________________________

4. 中国是一个历史悠久的国家,不是吗?____________________________________________

5. 现代人对于历史是否给予足够的关注?___________________________________________

6. 了解历史对于年轻人而言为何重要?_____________________________________________

1. Would you please say something about the geography of your country?

2. How many hours does it take to get there by plane?

3. What kinds of historical events have ever happened there?

4. China is a country with a long history, isn’t it?

5. Do modern people pay enough attention to history?

6. Why is it important for young people to learn history?

话题二十三 社会 ( Society)

1. 人们都拥有私家车是件好事吗? ________________________________________________

2. 污染对人们的生活造成哪些影响?_______________________________________________

3. 能否谈论一下你们国家的教育制度?_____________________________________________

4. 我们可以为贫困地区的人做些什么?_____________________________________________

5. 城市是否更易发生犯罪?_______________________________________________________

6. ___________________________

1. Is it a good idea for all people to have their private cars?

2. What effect does pollution have on the life of people?

3. Could you say something about the educational system in your country?

4. What can we do for the people who live in poor areas?

5. Do crimes happen more easily in cities?

6. In your country, are the rights of the disabled well protected?

话题二十四 文学与艺术( Literature and art)

1. 你喜欢古典文学还是现代文学?_________________________________________________

2. 在中国,什么样的书最受欢迎?_________________________________________________

3. 中国四大名著是什么?_________________________________________________________

4. 你最喜爱的画家是谁?_________________________________________________________

5. 你对西方绘画的历史了解多少? __________________________________________________

6. ____________________________________

1. Do you prefer classical literature or modern literature?

2. What kinds of books are most popular in China?

3. What are the four greatest books in China?

4. Who is your favorite painter?

5. How much do you know about the history of western painting?

6. How does Chinese painting style differ from western painting style?

广东省高考听说考试的能力要求及训练指南

  【摘要】广东省普通高考英语科考试从2011年开始笔试与听说考试分别进行,参加英语科考试的必须参加笔试和听说考试。听说考试对考生模仿朗读英语的能力,索取信息的能力以及用正确语言进行成段文字表述的能力进行检测。这项英语考试形式的改革对高中英语的教学必将起到积极的指导作用。

  【关键词】听说考试 能力要求 训练
  【中图分类号】G633.41 【文献标识码】A 【文章编号】2095-3089(2012)06-0075-01
  广东省普通高考英语科考试从2011年开始笔试与听说考试分别进行,参加英语科考试的必须参加笔试和听说考试。听说考试占英语科总分(满分150分)的10%。
  “英语听说”考试分三节:模仿朗读、角色扮演、故事复述。
  A节 模仿朗读
  该部分要求考生观看一段大约一分钟的片段,然后考生开始模仿训练:先阅读文字稿,再对照文字稿听录音。完成训练之后考生开始模仿朗读:考生对照片段的字幕朗读,要求考生的语音、语调和语速尽可能与片段保持一致。
  “模仿朗读”与一般朗读的不同之处在于:根据听到的该语段的语音语调的特征加以模仿,力求用与原来所播的文段的语音特征朗读,包括文段中各语句中词汇的轻重读、连读,语句的语调及句子意群之间节奏的变化。
  “模仿朗读”对考生的能力要求:
  ①具备较为标准的语音语调能力;②具备识别语音语调特征的能力;③具备对观察到的语音语调特征加以模仿的能力。
  训练指南
  (1)力求用原来所播的文段的语音特征朗读原文,包括文段中各语句中词汇的轻重读、连读,语句的语调及句子意群之间节奏的变化。
  (2)注意轻重读、连读、句子及意群间的停顿和节奏变化,要能够抑扬顿挫,带有“洋味”。
  (3)对个别超纲词或读音没有把握的词最好简单地标注读音,并能够根据拼读规则模仿正确发音。
  (4)听录音时手握铅笔快速在试卷上做一些记号如重读、连读、停顿、升调和降调等。
  B节 角色扮演
  该部分要求考生观看一段大约两分钟的片段,明确自己要扮演的角色以及要完成的任务。看完片段之后首先根据中文提示,准备20秒钟后用英语提出三个问题,计算机将回答考生的提问;然后计算机向考生提出五个问题,考生必须根据自己所听的内容(包括片段和计算机的回答两部分)回答问题,回答问题之前考生有10秒钟的准备时间。
  “角色扮演”对考生的能力要求:
  ①宏观了解大段话语,建立语境的能力;②听懂重要细节的能力,如人物、事务、行为、行为涉及的对象,时间,数字等信息以及它们之间的关系;③口头索取信息的能力;④正确理解问题的能力;⑤口头传达信息的能力;⑥一定的笔记、记忆能力。
  训练指南
  (1)视、听同步,重点放在听力上。适当借助视频图像帮助理解对话内容,但不要过多关注,不要让图像分散注意力,影响听力理解。
  (2)训练短时记忆能力,视频信息要到“五答”时才会用到,间隔的时间长,跨度大,而且只视听一遍。
  (3)注意记录要点,特别是人物、事物、时间、地点、原因、数字等信息,以及这些信息之间的联系。摸索一套用最简洁的符号记录信息的方法,如用字母、箭头、汉字、图形等。
  (4)准备阶段简单写下问句特别是疑问词, 在录音时就可以比较流畅。考生要掌握好各种类型疑问句的句式结构。录音时根据不同类型的问句用不同的语调。
  (5)“三问”环节中的提问后,计算机回答两遍,考生应该认真听,并记录必要的信息。
  (6)“五答”时考生务必要听清计算机的提问,特别要听清疑问词。
  C节 故事复述
  该部分要求考生先听一段大约两分钟的独白,录音播放两遍。考生准备一分钟之后开始复述所听内容。要求考生尽可能使用自己的语言复述,而且复述内容应涵盖尽可能多的原文信息点。选取的独白其体裁主要以记述文和议论文为主。
  首先在视频中出现“梗概”和“关键词”(5个,并注汉意);15秒钟之后, 听一段大约两分钟无图像无字幕的独白,录音听两遍。
  听力复述强调对篇章的整体性理解和把握,同时考查能否恰当地运用自己的语言组织要点信息,并正确而连贯表达的能力。
  “听力复述”对考生的能力要求:
  ①宏观了解大段话语,建立语境的能力;②听懂重要细节的能力,如人物、事务、行为、行为涉及的对象,时间,数字等信息以及它们之间的关系;③口头传达信息的能力;④一定的笔记、记忆能力。
  训练指南
  (1)在听故事前,考生应阅读故事“梗概”和“关键词”,并据此发挥想象,预测故事内容。
  (2)若有标题,要听清标题,这对理解故事内容很重要,因为它对故事情节起着概括作用。
  (3)首尾句对理解全文起着关键作用,要特别注意听并理解。
  (4)注意对所听材料的整体性理解,宏观把握故事内容。对个别词句没听懂,不要慌,只要听懂大意,抓住关键信息。
  (5)练习用最简洁的符号记录信息,一边听一边记录关键信息。听记叙文时应听清并记录故事中的人物和人物之间的关系,记录故事发生的时间、地点、起因、经过、结果等。
  (6)要求考生尽可能使用自己的语言复述,不必努力回想并使用原文词句。
  (7)要求考生复述时应涵盖尽可能多的原文信息点。
  (8)把握时间,注意在规定时间(1分钟)内结束。
  微技能训练:
  (1)明确复述时使用的人称或称谓。
  (2)分清代词he、she。
  (3)正确使用单复数。
  (4)正确使用时态。
  (5)正确使用句子转承的连接词。
  (6)思考时不要连续重复某个词或某句话。
  广东省高考听说考试检测学生模仿朗读英语的能力,检测学生索取信息的能力,检测学生用正确语言进行成段文字表述的能力,对考生英语的听和说的能力进行了较为全面的检测,对高中英语的教学必将起到积极的指导作用。
  参考文献:
  [1]《广东省普通高校招生考试改革调整方案》(粤教考〔2008〕28号)
  [2]《广东省2011年普通高考“英语听说”考试要求》
  作者简介:
  高学峰,45岁,广东省广州市番禺中学,中学高级职称。

广东高考英语听说考试题型分析与训练20110314
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广东高考英语听说考试题型分析及训练 广东高考英语听说考试题型分析及训练
广东高考英语人机对话口语考试分三部分: (共 广东高考英语人机对话口语考试分三部分: 共 60 分,折算 15 分) (
第一部分: 第一部分:Reading Aloud
根据视频大声朗读文章,要求流利通顺, 根据视频大声朗读文章,要求流利通顺,文章中有 一定的新词汇。 (20 一定的新词汇。 ( 分) 第二部分: 要求扮演角色,与电脑互问互答, 第二部分:Role Play 要求扮演角色,与电脑互问互答,先根据提示问三个问 再回答五个问题。 (16 题,再回答五个问题。 ( 分) 第三部分: 口头作文,听一篇文章, 第三部分:Oral Competition 口头作文,听一篇文章,然后根据故事梗概和关 键词,复述该故事。 (24 键词,复述该故事。 ( 分)
听说合考总的答题策略: 听说合考总的答题策略:
1、调整话筒,让话筒靠近嘴巴,保证录音质量。 、调整话筒,让话筒靠近嘴巴,保证录音质量 2、养成作好笔记的习惯。 、养成作好笔记的习惯。 3、录音答题时保持镇定,确保自己的发挥。 、录音答题时保持镇定,确保自己的发挥。
Part B 答题技巧
听前抢读和预测: 尤其是关键词),和出题方向 1).听前抢读和预测 预测可能出现的词汇 尤其是关键词 和出题方向。 听前抢读和预测 预测可能出现的词汇(尤其是关键词 和出题方向。 情景介绍:女士和男士谈论即将来临的面试 如:情景介绍 女士和男士谈论即将来临的面试 情景介绍 预测:关键词 预测 关键词 interview 可能出题方向 When will you have the interview? How will you go there? Are you prepared for /nervous about it? 2)做笔记 抓关键信息 做笔记,抓关键信息 做笔记 ? 前面的英文短片部分和三问部分是所有听力信息的输入部分 英文短片部分和三问部分是所有听力信息的输入部分, 前面的英文短片部分和三问部分是所有听力信息的输入部分,这两部分 要做好听力笔记。在三问环节, 要做好听力笔记。在三问环节,计算机会回答两 遍 .计算机回答问题的内容往往是下一部分回答 计算机回答问题的内容往往是下一部分回答 的答案或提示 。 ? 留意涉及的人物、事物、时间、 观看英文短片时要在听懂大意的同时 留意涉及的人物、事物、时间、 行为等相关信息(5w1h), 并适当做笔记,在短时间 行为等相关信息 ,并适当做笔记 在短时间 内强记细节信息,如年代 单价,折扣价 门牌号等。 如年代,单价 折扣价,门牌号等 内强记细节信息
如年代 单价 折扣价 门牌号等。 练习快速记笔记,用最简洁的符号记录信息。如字母/箭头 数字/汉字 箭头/数字 汉字/图 练习快速记笔记,用最简洁的符号记录信息。如字母 箭头 数字 汉字 图 形等。 形等。
考生用英语提问: 新图书馆周末开放吗? 如:考生用英语提问: 新图书馆周末开放吗 考生用英语提问
(Is the library open on weekends?) ) 计算机回答 计算机回答 (Yes. It‘s open from 9:00 a.m. to 7:00 p.m. on weekends and it opens one hour ‘ earlier from Monday to Friday. 播放 2 遍) 计算机提问 (When does the new library open from Monday to Friday? 播放 2 遍) 考生回答计算机提问 (It opens at 8:00 a.m. from Monday to Friday.) ) 3)准确获取信息后,考生不需要再关注画面,应更留心使用规范的英语进行问 不需要再关注画面, )准确获取信息后,考生不需要再关注画面 答。 4) 时间上的把握 注意力高度集中 整个过程 注意力高度集中(整个过程 ) 时间上的把握,注意力高度集中 整个过程) 5)放弃过去的信息。 )放弃过去的信息。
Part B 答题注意事项
1).提问部分 提问部分 ? 注意选好疑问词(5w1h), 确定用一般疑问句还是特殊疑问句 并以要求扮 确定用一般疑问句还是特殊疑问句,并以要求扮 注意选好疑问词 演的角色身份提问,注意交际实际 注意交际实际。 演的角色身份提问 注意交际实际。 ? 提问时注意使用语法正确的句子,尤其是疑问句的语序和时态 尤其是疑问句的语序和时态。 提问时注意使用语法正确的句子 尤其是疑问句的语序和时态。 ? 如提问:你想知道 你想知道, 如提问 你想知道,诊所是否每天都开 ? Q: Could you tell me whether the clinic is open every day? ? Compare: Is the clinic open every day? ? When does the clinic open every day? 如: 住学校宿舍是否较便宜? 1.住学校宿舍是否较便宜 住学校宿舍是否较便宜 Is it cheaper to live in the school dormitory? 2.天气如何 天气如何? 天气如何 What is the weather like? 3.如何从学校到机场 如何从学校到机场? 如何从学校到机场 How can we get to the airport from the school? 4.最近的地铁站在哪里 最近的地铁站在哪里? 最近的地铁站在哪里 Where is the nearest underground station from here? 注意:准备提问时,可简单写下问句 特别是疑问词,使得真正录音时能比较顺畅 可简单写下问句,特别是疑问词 使得真正录音时能比较顺畅。 注意:准备提问时 可简单写下问句 特别是疑问词 使得真正录音时能比较顺畅。 2).回答部分 回答部分 回答机器提问的答案来自: 回答机器提问的答案来自: (1)机器对考生的提问的回答 ) (2)前面的英文短片部分 ) 所以考生要适当做些笔记 注意:回
答问题时可用省略句式。 注意:回答问题时可用省略句式。 About ten days. 如:How long does a letter take to reach Japan? What are they talking about?Environmental problems.
Part B 部分备考策略
1. 平常多练习朗读课文,纠正自己的语音语调。 平常多练习朗读课文,纠正自己的语音语调。 2. 可以选用原来的听力材料来训练,不同的是不再做选择题。而是对倾听的材 可以选用原来的听力材料来训练,不同的是不再做选择题。 料提问并回答听力材料中的内容。 料提问并回答听力材料中的内容。
3. 加强语言基本功 掌握听力技巧。 加强语言基本功, 掌握听力技巧。 4. 多听多练, 熟练掌握答题技巧。 多听多练 熟练掌握答题技巧。
Part C 部分备考策略
(一) 听取故事时,要注意: 一 听取故事时,要注意: 1.宏观把握,注意开头句; .宏观把握,注意开头句; 2.记录关键词。 .记录关键词。 (二) 复述故事时,要注意: 二 复述故事时,要注意: 1.明确复述时使用的人称或称谓; .明确复述时使用的人称或称谓; 2.代词 he、she 要弄清,正确使用单复数、时态、句子转承时的连词; 要弄清,正确使用单复数、时态、句子转承时的连词; . 、 3.复述要连贯,不要连续重复某个词或某句话。 .复述要连贯,不要连续重复某个词或某句话。 (三)答题技巧 三 答题技巧 1、在录音播放两遍的过程中,做好听力笔记。要记好关键词,方便自己构思复 、在录音播放两遍的过程中,做好听力笔记。要记好关键词, 述。 2、不要背诵,要用自己的话复述。 、不要背诵,要用自己的话复述。 (四)学习策略 四 学习策略 用独白形式的、结构完整、情节清楚的听力材料进行练习。 用独白形式的、结构完整、情节清楚的听力材料进行练习。
Part C 部分常规训练建议
1.课堂上大胆发言,把握一切可以锻炼英语口语的机会提高口头表达能力; .课堂上大胆发言,把握一切可以锻炼英语口语的机会提高口头表达能力; 2.充分利用课堂教学素材,选取故事性较强的文章或段落进行复述训练; .充分利用课堂教学素材,选取故事性较强的文章或段落进行复述训练; 3.有意识地培养速记的能力,积累丰富有效的速记符号; .有意识地培养速记的能力,积累丰富有效的速记符号; 听力材料, 4.礼用旧题型的听力材料,进行听说训练。忽略旧题型的选项部分,一边听一 .礼用旧题型的听力材料 进行听说训练。忽略旧题型的选项部分, 边记录要点,训练听取大意、获取要点以及已记录要点的能力, 边记录要点,训练听取大意、获取要点以及已记录要点的能力,同时用
自己的 语言进行复述,强化故事复述能力的培养。 语言进行复述,强化故事复述能力的培养。

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广东省高考听说考试的能力要求及训练指南

广东省高考听说考试的能力要求及训练指南

【摘要】广东省普通高考英语科考试从2011年开始笔试与听说

考试分别进行,参加英语科考试的必须参加笔试和听说考试。听说

考试对考生模仿朗读英语的能力,索取信息的能力以及用正确语言

进行成段文字表述的能力进行检测。这项英语考试形式的改革对高

中英语的教学必将起到积极的指导作用。

【关键词】听说考试 能力要求 训练

广东省普通高考英语科考试从2011年开始笔试与听说考试分别进

行,参加英语科考试的必须参加笔试和听说考试。听说考试占英语

科总分(满分150分)的10%。

“英语听说”考试分三节:模仿朗读、角色扮演、故事复述。

a节 模仿朗读

该部分要求考生观看一段大约一分钟的片段,然后考生开始模仿

训练:先阅读文字稿,再对照文字稿听录音。完成训练之后考生开

始模仿朗读:考生对照片段的字幕朗读,要求考生的语音、语调和

语速尽可能与片段保持一致。

“模仿朗读”与一般朗读的不同之处在于:根据听到的该语段的

语音语调的特征加以模仿,力求用与原来所播的文段的语音特征朗

读,包括文段中各语句中词汇的轻重读、连读,语句的语调及句子

意群之间节奏的变化。

“模仿朗读”对考生的能力要求:

①具备较为标准的语音语调能力;②具备识别语音语调特征的能

力;③具备对观察到的语音语调特征加以模仿的能力。

训练指南

(1)力求用原来所播的文段的语音特征朗读原文,包括文段中各

语句中词汇的轻重读、连读,语句的语调及句子意群之间节奏的变

化。

(2)注意轻重读、连读、句子及意群间的停顿和节奏变化,要能

够抑扬顿挫,带有“洋味”。

(3)对个别超纲词或读音没有把握的词最好简单地标注读音,并

能够根据拼读规则模仿正确发音。

(4)听录音时手握铅笔快速在试卷上做一些记号如重读、连读、

停顿、升调和降调等。

b节 角色扮演

该部分要求考生观看一段大约两分钟的片段,明确自己要扮演的

角色以及要完成的任务。看完片段之后首先根据中文提示,准备20

秒钟后用英语提出三个问题,计算机将回答考生的提问;然后计算

机向考生提出五个问题,考生必须根据自己所听的内容(包括片段

和计算机的回答两部分)回答问题,回答问题之前考生有10秒钟

的准备时间。

“角色扮演”对考生的能力要求:

①宏观了解大段话语,建立语境的能力;②听懂重要细节的能力,

如人物、事务、行为、行为涉及的对象,时间,数字等信息以及它

们之间的关系;③口头索取信息的能力;④正确理解问题的能力;

⑤口头传达信息的能力;⑥一定的笔记、记忆能力。

训练指南

(1)视、听同步,重点放在听力上。适当借助视频图像帮助理解

对话内容,但不要过多关注,不要让图像分散注意力,影响听力理

解。

(2)训练短时记忆能力,视频信息要到“五答”时才会用到,间

隔的时间长,跨度大,而且只视听一遍。

(3)注意记录要点,特别是人物、事物、时间、地点、原因、数

字等信息,以及这些信息之间的联系。摸索一套用最简洁的符号记

录信息的方法,如用字母、箭头、汉字、图形等。

(4)准备阶段简单写下问句特别是疑问词, 在录音时就可以比较

流畅。考生要掌握好各种类型疑问句的句式结构。录音时根据不同

类型的问句用不同的语调。

(5)“三问”环节中的提问后,计算机回答两遍,考生应该认真

听,并记录必要的信息。

(6)“五答”时考生务必要听清计算机的提问,特别要听清疑问

词。

c节 故事复述

该部分要求考生先听一段大约两分钟的独白,录音播放两遍。考

生准备一分钟之后开始复述所听内容。要求考生尽可能使用自己的

语言复述,而且复述内容应涵盖尽可能多的原文信息点。选取的独

白其体裁主要以记述文和议论文为主。

首先在视频中出现“梗概”和“关键词”(5个,并注汉意);15

秒钟之后, 听一段大约两分钟无图像无字幕的独白,录音听两遍。

听力复述强调对篇章的整体性理解和把握,同时考查能否恰当地

运用自己的语言组织要点信息,并正确而连贯表达的能力。

“听力复述”对考生的能力要求:

①宏观了解大段话语,建立语境的能力;②听懂重要细节的能力,

如人物、事务、行为、行为涉及的对象,时间,数字等信息以及它

们之间的关系;③口头传达信息的能力;④一定的笔记、记忆能力。

训练指南

(1)在听故事前,考生应阅读故事“梗概”和“关键词”,并据

此发挥想象,预测故事内容。

(2)若有标题,要听清标题,这对理解故事内容很重要,因为它

对故事情节起着概括作用。

(3)首尾句对理解全文起着关键作用,要特别注意听并理解。

(4)注意对所听材料的整体性理解,宏观把握故事内容。对个别

词句没听懂,不要慌,只要听懂大意,抓住关键信息。

(5)练习用最简洁的符号记录信息,一边听一边记录关键信息。

听记叙文时应听清并记录故事中的人物和人物之间的关系,记录故

事发生的时间、地点、起因、经过、结果等。

(6)要求考生尽可能使用自己的语言复述,不必努力回想并使用

原文词句。

(7)要求考生复述时应涵盖尽可能多的原文信息点。

(8)把握时间,注意在规定时间(1分钟)内结束。

微技能训练:

(1)明确复述时使用的人称或称谓。

(2)分清代词he、she。

(3)正确使用单复数。

(4)正确使用时态。

(5)正确使用句子转承的连接词。

(6)思考时不要连续重复某个词或某句话。

广东省高考听说考试检测学生模仿朗读英语的能力,检测学生索

取信息的能力,检测学生用正确语言进行成段文字表述的能力,对

考生英语的听和说的能力进行了较为全面的检测,对高中英语的教

学必将起到积极的指导作用。

参考文献:

[1]《广东省普通高校招生考试改革调整方案》(粤教考〔2008〕

28号)

[2]《广东省2011年普通高考“英语听说”考试要求》

2015届高考听说考试提问部分强化训练

2015届 高考听说考试 提问部分强化训练 Chen Xiaohong

一 个人情况

1. 你什么时候搬出去?

2. 你最近过得怎么样?

3. 你和你的姐姐感情好吗?

4. 请您留下邮箱地址好吗?

5. 这个暑假你要去做兼职,是吗?

6. 你父亲当时想让你报考什么专业,英语还是经济?

二 家庭、朋友与周围的人

1. 你爸爸是什么时候退休的?

2. 下个学期谁教我们化学?

3. 你知道史密斯先生的地址吗?

4. 你同学下个月要去美国度假吗?

5. 你的同事们休息时一般喝茶还是咖啡?

6. 你哥哥做过奥运会的志愿者,是吗?

三 周围的环境

1. 你以前住在学校附近吗?

2. 你妈妈多久去一次杂货店(grocery store)?

3. 学校附近有个公园,是吗?

4. 昨天你在网上买了什么?

5. 你知道图书馆什么时候可以借书吗?

6. 从这儿到邮局怎么走,向左还是向右?

四 日常活动

1. 昨晚你几点钟睡觉的?

2. 你能帮我打扫教室吗?

3. 你妈妈每天坐公交车上班吗?

4 这周日你想去看电影还是野餐?

5. 你明天做完作业后打算做什么?

6. 你出来的时候忘记锁门了,对不对?

五 学校生活

1. 请问到图书馆怎么走?

2. Tom是我们班最聪明的学生,对吧?

3. 你最喜欢哪一科,英语还是语文?

4. 这学期我们有多少门功课?

5. 你要参加明天下午的足球比赛吗?

6. 为什么你上课时总是心不在焉呢?

六 兴趣与爱好

1. 你闲暇时间都做些什么?

2. 你喜欢集邮,是吗?

3. 你更喜欢什么类型的音乐,爵士乐还是轻音乐?

4. 除了绘画,你还有其他爱好吗?

5. 摄影是很费钱的爱好吗?

6. 你妹妹什么时候开始喜爱文学的?

七 个人情感

1. 你今天怎么这么安静?

2. 你哥哥在担心什么呢?

3. 你对明天的考试有信心吗?

4. 他是在嘲笑你还是夸奖你?

5. 同学们是因为比赛输了而沮丧吗?

6. 你爸爸昨天因为你回家晚发火了,是吗?

八 人际关系

1. 你的汉语课进展如何?

2. 那个留学生是哪个国家的?

3. 你为什么不让王先生帮你解决这个问题呢?

4. 你什么时候参加你同学的生日派对,周六还是周日?

5. 他从小就和父母关系不太好,是吗?

九 计划与愿望

1. 学校运动会什么时候举行?

2. 今天的会议推迟到下午两点还是三点?

3. 这次旅游你们提前订宾馆了吗?

4. 你妈妈的梦想是成为一名作家,是吗?

5. 今年暑假你要考驾照吗?

6. 你就不能早点告诉我你不回家吃饭了?

十 节假日活动

1. 今年暑假你打算去哪儿?

2. 中国一年有多少节日?

3. 圣诞节在中国越来越受欢迎了,是吗?

4. 你知道感恩节的来历吗?

5. 你们家乡的人怎么过春节?

6. 你父母去年送你什么生日礼物了, 包还是手表?

十一 购物

1. 我可以试一下这双黑色的鞋子吗?

2. 您能给我打几折?

3. 你女儿喜欢哪种颜色的裙子?

4. 您要用现金还是信用卡?

5. 你能陪我去给爷爷买个生日礼物吗?

6. 美国人习惯在去超市前列个购物单,是不是?

十二 饮食

1. 你了解西式餐桌礼仪吗?

2. 你每天都喝两瓶可乐吗?

3. 你每天都在学校餐厅吃晚餐吗?

4. 你姐姐上个月就开始节食了,是吗?

5. 今晚你想在家吃晚餐还是下馆子?

6. 我怎么能改掉总吃零食的坏习惯呢?

十三 健康

1. 你每天吃早餐吗?

2. 你妈妈什么时候去的医院?

3. 为什么最近感冒的人这么多?

4. 你来之前量过体温吗?

5. 你爸爸每周日都去爬山,是吗?

6. 这药我应该每天吃两次还是三次?

十四 天气

1. 什么时候去海南旅游最好?

2. 我去伦敦的时候应该带些什么衣服呢?

3. 你昨天出门带伞了吗?

4. 每年这个时候华盛顿的天气怎么样?

5. 天气预报说今晚会下雨,是吗?

6. 美国去年因飓风造成了多大损失?

十五 文娱与体育

1. 你最喜欢哪个歌星?

2. 好莱坞是世界的电影之都吗?

3. 下周的音乐会有多少人参加?

4. 下一届奥运会在哪里举行?

5. 瑜伽有益于身心健康,是吗?

6. 哪种运动更适合老年人,太极拳还是慢跑?

十六 旅游与交通

1. 你们宾馆提供洗衣服务吗?

2. 您有几件行李?

3. 你知道最近的医院怎么走吗?

4. 你喜欢坐轮船还是乘火车?

5. 你决定好了带我们去哪个景点玩?

6. 您上次去东京乘坐的是哪个航班?

十七 语言学习

1. 你是什么时候开始学习日语的?

2. 你教过外国人学中文吗?

3. 她每天花多少时间学习英语?

4. 法语和英语哪个是你的母语?

5. 你愿意和我一起去英语角吗?

6. 英语对于非英语国家的人来说不是很难,是吗?

十八 自然

1. 你们市的市花是什么?

2. 3月12日是植树节,对吗?

3. 泥石流给这个地区造成了什么样的损失?

4. 你更喜欢哪个季节,春天还是秋天?

5. 长颈鹿是世界上最高的陆生动物吗?

6. 你上次去澳大利亚时看海滩了吗?

十九 热点话题

1. 你打算什么时候考驾照?

2. 你们班有多少学生出国留学了?

3. 日常生活中我们该怎样保护环境呢?

4. 我们应该多骑车多走路少开车,对不对?

5. 停止生产香烟会影响国家经济吗?

6. 孩子和家长谁应该承担代沟问题的主要责任呢?

二十 世界与环境

1. 中国和印度哪个国家人口更多?

2. 世界上有七大洲,对吗?

3. 世界上使用最广泛的语言是什么?

4. 上周五的地震造成了多少人死亡?

5. 很多非洲国家都存在食物短缺的问题吗?

6. 公众对环境污染越来越关注了,是吗?

二十一 科普知识与现代技术

1. 你赞成人类克隆吗?

2. 你新买的手机有什么特别的功能?

3. 你上网时喜欢做什么,聊天还是购物?

4. 学生不应该沉溺于电脑游戏,对不对?

5. 中国首次发射卫星是什么时候?

6. 十年前很少有人重视新能源的应用,是吗?

二十二 历史与地理

1. 广州和南京,哪个城市的面积更大?

2. 美国有多少个州?

3. 谁在1492发现了新大陆?

4. 中国有四个经济特区,是吗?

5. 你是不是和我一样对中国的悠久历史感兴趣?

6. 长城是世界七大奇迹之一,是吗?

二十三 社会

1. 在你们国家孩子几岁才可以骑自行车?

2. 英国人见面时喜欢谈论什么?

3. 第一个登上月球的是哪国人?

4. 在美国,老师经常要求学生写论文吗?

5. 中国人吃饭的时候喜欢用什么,筷子还是叉子?

6. 几乎每个民族都有自己的语言和风俗习惯,是吗?

二十四 文学与艺术

1. 你什么时候开始对绘画感兴趣的?

2. 诗歌和小说你更喜欢哪一个?

3. 你以前看过京剧吗?

4. 你爸爸每个月都去参加音乐会吗?

5. 他的小说主要特点是什么?

6. 你们一定很为中国民族乐器自豪,对吗?

2015届 高考听说考试 提问部分强化训练答案

一 个人情况

1. When are you moving out?

2. How have you been doing recently?

3. Are you close to your elder sister?

4. Would you please write down your email address?

5. You’re going to get a part-time job during the summer vacation, aren’t you?

6. Which major did your father want you to apply for, English or economics?

二 家庭、朋友与周围的人

1. When did your father retire?

2. Who will teach us chemistry next term?

3. Do you know Mr. Smith’s address?

4. Are your classmates going to America for vacation next month?

5. Do your colleagues often drink tea or coffee during breaks?

6.Your elder brother was a volunteer at the Olympics, wasn’t he?

三 周围的环境

1. Did you use to live near the school?

2. How often does your mother go to the grocery store?

3. There is a park near the school, isn’t there?

4. What did you buy online yesterday?

5. Do you know when we can borrow books from the library?

6. How can I get to the post office from here, by turning left or right?

四 日常活动

1. When did you go to bed last night?

2. Can you help me clean the classroom?

3. Does your mother go to work by bus every day?

4. What do you want to do this Sunday, see a movie or have a picnic?

5. What are you going to do after you finish your homework tomorrow?

6. You forgot to lock the door when you left, didn’t you?

五 学校生活

1. Could you please tell me the way to the library?

2. Tom is the smartest student in our class, isn’t he?

3. What is your favorite subject, English or Chinese?

4. How many courses do we have this semester?

5. Are you going to play in the football match tomorrow afternoon?

6. Why are you always absent-minded in class?

六 兴趣与爱好

1. What do you do in your spare time?

2. You are interested in collecting stamps, aren’t you?

3. Which type of music do you like more, jazz music or light music?

4. Do you have any other interests besides drawing?

5. Is photography an expensive hobby?

6. When did your sister begin to be fond of literature?

七 个人情感

1. Why are you so quiet today?

2. What is your brother worried about?

3. Are you confident about tomorrow’s test?

4. Is he laughing at you or praising you?

5. Are our classmates upset because we lost the game?

6. Your father was angry because you got home late yesterday, wasn’t he?

八 人际关系

1. How are your Chinese lessons going?

2. Where is that foreign student from?

3. Why dont you ask Mr. Wang to help you solve this problem?

4. When are you going to your classmates birthday party, on Saturday or Sunday?

5. He hasnt had a good relationship with his parents ever since he was a child, has he?

九 计划与愿望

1. When will the school sports meet be held?

2. Till what time will today’s meeting be put off, 2:00 p.m. or 3:00 p.m.?

3. Have you booked a hotel in advance for the trip this time?

4. Your mother has been dreaming of being a writer, hasn’t she?

5. Are you going to take the driving test this summer vacation?

6. Couldn’t you have told me earlier that you wouldn’t be home for dinner?

十 节假日活动

1. Where are you going this summer vacation?

2. How many festivals are there in China in a year?

3. Christmas is becoming more and more popular in China, isn’t it?

4. Do you know the origin of Thanksgiving Day?

5. How do people celebrate Spring Festival in your hometown?

6. What did your parents give you for your birthday last year, a bag or a watch?

十一 购物

1. Could I try on this pair of black shoes?

2. How much of a discount can you offer me?

3. What color skirts does your daughter like?

4. How would you like to pay, in cash or by credit card?

5. Would you like to go with me to buy a birthday present for grandpa?

6. Americans are used to making shopping lists before they go to the supermarket, arent they? 十二 饮食

1. Do you know about western table manners?

2. Do you drink two bottles of Coca-Cola every day?

3. Do you have dinner at the school canteen every day?

4. Your elder sister began to go on a diet last month, didnt she?

5. Where do you prefer to have dinner tonight, at home or in the restaurant?

6. How can I get rid of my bad habit of eating snacks all the time?

十三 健康

1. Do you have breakfast every day?

2. When did your mother go to the hospital?

3. Why have so many people been getting colds recently?

4. Did you take your temperature before you got here?

5. Your father goes mountain climbing every Sunday, doesn’t he?

6. How many times should I take the medicine every day, twice or three times? 十四 天气

1. When is the best time to travel to Hainan?

2. What clothes should I take when I go to London?

3. Did you take your umbrella when you were out yesterday?

4. What is the weather like in Washington at this time of the year?

5. It is going to rain tonight according to the weather report, isn’t it?

6. What were the total losses caused by hurricanes in America last year? 十五 文娱与体育

1. Who is your favorite singer?

2. Is Hollywood the movie capital of the world?

3. How many people will go to the concert next week?

4. Where will the next Olympics be held?

5. Yoga is good for physical and mental health, isnt it?

6. Which sport is more suitable for old people, Taijiquan or jogging?

十六 旅游与交通

1. Do you have laundry service in your hotel?

2. How many pieces of luggage do you have?

3. Do you know the way to the nearest hospital?

4. Which form of transportation do you prefer, going by ship or by train?

5. Which scenic spot have you decided to take us to?

6. Which flight did you take when you went to Tokyo last time?

十七 语言学习

1. When did you start learning Japanese?

2. Have you ever taught Chinese to foreigners?

3. How much time does she spend studying English every day?

4. Which is your mother tongue, French or English?

5. Would you like to go to the English Corner with me?

6. English isnt an easy language to learn for non-native speakers, is it? 十八 自然

1. What is the official flower of your city?

2. March 12 is Tree Planting Day, isnt it?

3. What kinds of losses did the mudslide cause in this area?

4. Which season do you like better, spring or autumn?

5. Are giraffes the tallest land animals in the world?

6. Did you see the beaches the last time you went to Australia?

十九 热点话题

1. When do you plan to take the driving test?

2. How many students in your class went to study abroad?

3. What can we do in our daily life to protect the environment?

4. We should ride bikes and walk more instead of driving, shouldnt we?

5. Will stopping the production of cigarettes affect the national economy?

6. Who is mostly responsible for the generation gap, children or their parents? 二十 世界与环境

1. Which country has a larger population, China or India?

2. There are seven continents in the world, arent there?

3. What is the most widely used language in the world?

4. How many people died in the earthquake last Friday?

5. Are many African countries suffering from food shortages?

6. Public concern over environmental pollution has greatly increased, hasnt it? 二十一 科普知识与现代技术

1. Are you in favor of human cloning?

2. What special functions does your new phone have?

3. What do you like to do when you are surfing the Internet, chatting or shopping?

4. Students cannot become addicted to computer games, can they?

5. When did China launch its first satellite?

6. Very few people cared about new energy ten years ago, did they?

二十二 历史与地理

1. Which city has a larger area, Guangzhou or Nanjing?

2. How many states are there in America?

3. Who discovered the New World in 1492?

4. There are four special economic zones in China, arent there?

5. Are you interested in the long history of China like I am?

6. The Great Wall is one of the seven wonders of the world, isnt it?

二十三 社会

1. At what age can a child ride a bike in your country?

2. What do British people like to talk about when they see each other?

3. What was the nationality of the first man that walked on the moon?

4. In America, do teachers often ask students to write papers?

5. What do Chinese people like to use when they eat, chopsticks or forks?

6. Almost all nations have languages and customs of their own, dont they? 二十四 文学与艺术

1. When did you first become interested in painting?

2. Which do you like better, poems or novels?

3. Have you ever seen Beijing Opera?

4. Does your father go to concerts every month?

5. What are the main characteristics of his novels?

6. You must be very proud of your traditional Chinese instruments, arent you?

广东高考英语听说考试题型分析与训练

广东高考英语听说考试题型分析及训练

汕头市西胪中学 李碧芬

广东高考英语人机对话口语考试分三部分:(共60分,折算15分) 第一部分:Reading Aloud 根据视频大声朗读文章,要求流利通顺,文章中有

一定的新词汇。(20分)

第二部分:Role Play 要求扮演角色,与电脑互问互答,先根据提示问三个问

题,再回答五个问题。(16分)

第三部分:Oral Competition 口头作文,听一篇文章,然后根据故事梗概和关

键词,复述该故事。(24分)

听说合考总的答题策略:

1、调整话筒,让话筒靠近嘴巴,保证录音质量。

2、养成作好笔记的习惯。

3、录音答题时保持镇定,确保自己的发挥。

Part B答题技巧

1).听前抢读和预测: 预测可能出现的词汇(尤其是关键词),和出题方向。 如:情景介绍:女士和男士谈论即将来临的面试

预测:关键词interview

可能出题方向 When will you have the interview?

How will you go there?

Are you prepared for /nervous about it?

2)做笔记,抓关键信息

• 前面的英文短片部分和三问部分是所有听力信息的输入部分,这两部分

要做好听力笔记。在三问环节,计算机会回答两

遍.计算机回答问题的内容往往是下一部分回答

的答案或提示 。

• 观看英文短片时要在听懂大意的同时 留意涉及的人物、事物、时间、

行为等相关信息(5w1h),并适当做笔记,在短时间

内强记细节信息,如年代,单价,折扣价,门牌号等。

• 练习快速记笔记,用最简洁的符号记录信息。如字母/箭头/数字/汉字/图

形等。

如:考生用英语提问: 新图书馆周末开放吗?

(Is the library open on weekends?)

计算机回答

(Yes. It‘s open from 9:00 a.m. to 7:00 p.m. on weekends and it opens one hour 播放2遍)

计算机提问

(播放2遍) 考生回答计算机提问 (It opens at 8:00 a.m. from Monday to Friday.)

3)准确获取信息后,考生不需要再关注画面,应更留心使用规范的英语进行问

答。

4) 时间上的把握,注意力高度集中(整个过程)

5)放弃过去的信息。

Part B 答题注意事项

1).提问部分

• 注意选好疑问词(5w1h), 确定用一般疑问句还是特殊疑问句,并以要求扮

演的角色身份提问,注意交际实际。

• 提问时注意使用语法正确的句子,尤其是疑问句的语序和时态。 • 如提问:你想知道,诊所是否每天都开

• Q: Could you tell me whether the clinic is open every day?

• Compare: Is the clinic open every day?

• When does the clinic open every day?

如:

1.住学校宿舍是否较便宜?

Is it cheaper to live in the school dormitory?

2.天气如何?

What is the weather like?

3.如何从学校到机场?

How can we get to the airport from the school?

4.最近的地铁站在哪里?

Where is the nearest underground station from here?

注意:准备提问时,可简单写下问句,特别是疑问词,使得真正录音时能比较顺畅。

2).回答部分

回答机器提问的答案来自:

(1)机器对考生的提问的回答

(2)前面的英文短片部分

所以考生要适当做些笔记

注意:回答问题时可用省略句式。

如:How long does a letter take to reach Japan? -----About ten days. What are they talking about?-----Environmental problems.

Part B 部分备考策略

1. 平常多练习朗读课文,纠正自己的语音语调。

2. 可以选用原来的听力材料来训练,不同的是不再做选择题。而是对倾听的材料提问并回答听力材料中的内容。

3. 加强语言基本功, 掌握听力技巧。

4. 多听多练, 熟练掌握答题技巧。

Part C 部分备考策略

(一) 听取故事时,要注意:

1.宏观把握,注意开头句;

2.记录关键词。

(二) 复述故事时,要注意:

1.明确复述时使用的人称或称谓;

2.代词he、she要弄清,正确使用单复数、时态、句子转承时的连词;

3.复述要连贯,不要连续重复某个词或某句话。

(三)答题技巧

1、在录音播放两遍的过程中,做好听力笔记。要记好关键词,方便自己构思复述。

2、不要背诵,要用自己的话复述。

(四)学习策略

用独白形式的、结构完整、情节清楚的听力材料进行练习。

Part C 部分常规训练建议

1.课堂上大胆发言,把握一切可以锻炼英语口语的机会提高口头表达能力;

2.充分利用课堂教学素材,选取故事性较强的文章或段落进行复述训练;

3.有意识地培养速记的能力,积累丰富有效的速记符号;

4.礼用旧题型的听力材料,进行听说训练。忽略旧题型的选项部分,一边听一边记录要点,训练听取大意、获取要点以及已记录要点的能力,同时用自己的语言进行复述,强化故事复述能力的培养。

2012-3-14

谈高考英语听说训练策略

·研究探讨·

谈高考英语听说训练策略

重庆市华蓥中学校 桂素惠

【摘要】我国高中英语教学一直以来给人的印象是只注重书面语言能力的提高,而忽视听说能力的培养。目前,高考听力可以分2次考试,在高考中的权重感觉降低了。因此,有些教师不够重视英语听力的教学。有的教师认为只要给学生讲授语法知识,多抓阅读训练就可以。 【关键词】课堂管理 教学模式

众所周知,英语在中小学课程以至大学教学中都占有重要地位,但是一直以来,英语的教学还是处于传统教学的框架当中,也就是过于注重语法知识的传授。学生在课堂上机械、被动地接收教师所传授的语法、句型、词汇等等,一堂课下来,学生满脑子都充斥着单词、句型,开口的机会却是少之又少。由于学生的口语能力低,导致学生在实际交际时不知所措情况大而有之。笔者结合多年的英语教学,对于听说教学浅谈如下感受。

一、教师必须选好听说训练材料与定好训练形式,创造情景,激发学生的交际意图

要发展中学生的听说能力,在选材上就要注意选那些真正能上口的材料,如生活会话或是充分利用直观教具,简单有趣、易懂的图片,避免了技能训练的枯燥;形式方面也可以是多种多样,可以采用概括文章段落、复述课文、谈感想、情景对话、小组讨论、讲小故事、看图说话、接龙游戏等等方式进行口语训练。同时,必须以考虑学生的语言能力为前提,尽量为学生创设语景,使学生觉得有话可说,并有信心把话说下去。例如在平时的阅读课中,我抓紧每个机会,让学生用自己的语言概括每段的中心大意,课文讲完后让学生们分成小组进行讨论,就这篇文章以“假如我是……”为题说说自己的意见或感想等。有时我还出一两个特定题目,激发他们的动力,让学生锻炼自由发挥能力,如运动、天气、娱乐…… 长期下来,学生们感觉自己在课堂上不仅仅是学到语法与词汇,更能够说上一两句。

二、鼓励学生在课堂中多开口,消除心理障碍

在培养学生讲英语习惯的训练中,总会有一部分学生含羞,产生不敢讲、不愿讲等心理障碍,教师应采用鼓励的办法,帮助学生消除心理障碍。在训练中,教师要把侧重点放在有心理障碍的同学身上,除了鼓励、指导外,应给他们较多的锻炼机会,使他们逐渐由羞怯变为敢说。同时,教师一方面给他们做示范,一方面对他们要有耐心,态度和蔼,营造一个宽松和谐的课堂气氛。在训练中多给些有趣的话题。中学生活泼、好奇、好表现、善模仿、喜欢交际。鉴此,在训练活动中要多创设一些有趣味的对话内容。如:talk about“your family,your favourite food,your favourite sports”?等等。要及时纠正训练中出现的错误。在练习过程中,特别是口语活动中,错误是不可避免的。因此,教师要认真、仔细、及时地纠正学生在语言、语调上出现的错误,或让学生间互相纠正。我们老师一定不能打断学生的发言进行纠错,给予他们信心与支持.教学中,学生们在表达时往往依赖于文字材料而不习惯于开口说,即兴讨论发言也会先用笔写下来,之后视情况或背或读.我认为是由于学生没有自信.因此,教师对学生的语言错误,纠正时应注意策略,以不挫伤其积极性为原则,尽量忽略学生的错误,采取鼓励,肯定的态度纠正其错误,消除学生怕犯错误而不敢开口的心理,使学生经常地不断地获得成功的愉快的体验,增强口语表达的自信心和愿望.

三、教师要更新英语教学理念,要走出传统的教学模式 新课程理念认为,教师不应是课堂的中心,而是组织者、策划者、导演的角色,而学生才是一堂课的中心,学生应当是

教学的出发点,是学习活动中的主角。教师的作用是“启发、引导、点拨”,评价英语课的好、坏不在于教师在课堂上口语如何流利、地道,而在于学生参与口语活动的数量与频率的多少英语课的成功与否,在很大程度上决定于教师与学生是否明确各自的角色定位。教师要建立一种和谐的师生关系,在教学中教师必须以学生为本,平等友好地用发展的眼光看待每一个学生。教师要善于发现他们的闪光点,给不同层次学生提供表现自己的平台,让每位学生都能有所发展。班级中学生的口语、听力水平参差不齐,对于口语、听力水平较好的学生,教师要向他们提一些较高的要求;对于口语、听力水平较差的学生,教师不可歧视挖苦,而应热情地鼓励,随时寻找他们的闪光点,一旦发现就及时表扬鼓励。如教师经常说very good./ Excellent. / Fantastic. / Terrific./ You can speak English very well。对他们口语、听力中出现的小问题不要动不动就纠正改错,这样会挫伤他们课上说英语的积极性。

四、任务的设计必须合理 1.听前任务设计

学生对听力材料的相关背景知识的熟悉程度是决定其能否顺利获取信息的重要因素之一。教师要在听力活动开始前做好铺垫,让学生想听,会听。想听就是有兴趣听,把学生的兴趣引导到所要进行的听力相关内容上来,教师要预设情景。会听就是要教给学生听的方法。教师要先尽可能地预测学生在将要进行的听力活动中会遇到的障碍,教师可以利用标题,插图或某些情景制造悬念,引导学生对听的内容进行预测,提供必要的帮助。

2.听中任务设计

听中活动主要是培养学生掌握主题大意,捕捉关键信息,合理进行推理,以及抓住细节信息的能力。活动中,教师可要求学生先听懂大意,然后再考查学生听细节的能力,要掌握好活动的难度,应该由易到难,由整体到细节,使其呈阶梯式递进,形成有效的听力任务链。

3.听后任务设计

很多教师在学生听完听力材料后,只是检查和订正答案。其实听后的复述,讨论和反思也是非常有必要的。复述不是简单的背诵,而是对听力内容的概括,归纳和总结的过程。复述可以为学生提供锻炼口语能力和写作的机会。听后的讨论可以让学生知道自己在听的时候哪儿没有听懂,尤其是可以让学生反思自己在活动中对细节和关键词的把握。听后的讨论也可使学生在说和写等其他技能上得到锻炼。

【参考文献】

[1]黄西放.对中学英语口语考试的探讨和建议[J].科技信息,2007(04):33-34

[2]肖嫚. 互动式教学模式与英语口语能力培养[J]. 科技信息, 2009,(02)

[3]邱陵,《英语课外辅导:如何培养学生听、说的能力》,《英语辅导报》,2008年10月

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高考英语听说能力训练中需要注意的几个问题

龙源期刊网 http://www.qikan.com.cn

高考英语听说能力训练中需要注意的几个问题

作者:徐露

来源:《师道·教研》2013年第07期

从2010年起,广东英语高考听力部分的考试从沿用多年的听力理解题改为听说口语测试题。这种听力题型的变动很大,而长期以来,我们的英语高考复习模式偏重于训练学生的阅读和写作能力,其次是在旧的高考模式下练习学生的听的能力,对学生说英语的能力甚少顾及,所以这种高考听说模式的题型对学了许多年“哑巴英语”的学生和习惯了原来听力训练模式(只听不说)的高中老师来说都是一个挑战。

因为这种考试模式的存在,老师在高三英语复习中自然会增加听说训练的时间。笔者在训练学生听说能力的过程和长期的高中英语教学中,发现学生在英语口语的表达上存在一些问题,需要老师引起重视。

一、混淆部分发音类似的音素的读音(见下表)

音素就是英语的原材料,确保音素的正确发音,是讲一口地道英语的最基本保证,只有音素的发音练习正确了,学生才能正确地拼读单词,才能为流利的表述打下稳固的基础。所以教师非常有必要就学生在音素发音上存在的这些问题进行纠正,进行系统的正音训练,以保证在后续跟进的口语训练中有较好的训练效果。

二、不读尾音

学生不读尾音是笔者从内地转到广东教学之后发现的一个很具有地方特色的发音模式。笔者在广东从事高中英语教学已有13年,在接触到每批学生中,无论学生英语笔试中的能力如何,在口语发音时总是存在大多数学生不读尾音的情况,笔者在教读单词时,即便用了扩音设备,在发音时刻意强调尾音,学生在复述时也会把尾音省略。学生这种不读尾音的情况在多年的英语学习过程已经变成了习惯,要纠正的确不是容易的事。

不读尾音实际影响到的不仅是学生的发音,在写作中,因为不读尾音的习惯也会导致漏写尾音写错单词的情况,比如把made in China 读成/写成may in China;student读成/写成

studen;把intelligent、intelligence都读成/写成intelligen等等,从最后一个例子也可看出,一些英语单词的词性其实是靠尾音来确定的,如different和difference;present和presence;如果学生不读尾音,涉及到词性的问题,那么有部分学生在语法结构的学习和理解上也会存在问题。另一个比较严重的影响是出现时态错误,如一般过去时、现在完成时、过去完成时和一般现在时第三人称单数的动词时态以及被动语态,名词的复数等。如下例

广东英语高考听说模拟训练答案

必修一听说答案

Unit 1

Part B Role Play

Wang Bin: What are you watching, Zhao Lili?

Zhao Lili: CCTV 9‟s Worldwide Watch.

Wang Bin: Why are you watching the news? That‟s boring.

Zhao Lili: I‟m listening to the English so that I can improve it.

Wang Bin: Who‟s talking now?

Zhao Lili: That‟s Cao Ri. I think he is a good speaker.

Wang Bin: What kind of English is he using, American or British?

Zhao Lili: He uses more American English, I think.

Wang Bin: Who else do you like?

Zhao Lili: Oh, I think Zhang Ling is also a fine speaker.

三问

1. Do you understand what the host said just now?

计算机回答:He said Professor Smith is traveling around China to speak to college students.

2. Do you know about Professor Smith?

计算机回答:It is reported that he is very famous as a language master.

3. Where does he come from?

计算机回答:He is from Harvard University, which is the most famous university in the

USA.

五答

1. Who is speaking on CCTV 9 now?

Cao Ri is.

2. Does Cao Ri use more American English ?

Yes,he does.

3. What is Professor Smith doing in China?

He is travelling in China to speak to college students.

4. What is Professor Smith famous as?

He is famous as a language master.

5. What university is the most famous in the USA?

Harvard University.

Part C Retelling

Once upon a time there was a child ready to be born. One day the child asked God: “They tell me you are going to send me to earth tomorrow but how am I going to live there being so small and helpless?”

God replied: “Among the many angels, I have chosen one for you. She is waiting for you and will take care of you.”

“But,” said the child, “how am I going to be able to understand when people talk to me, if I don‟t know the language that men talk?”

“That‟s easy,” said God, “Your angel will tell you the most beautiful and sweet words you will ever hear, and with much patience and care, your angel will teach you how to speak.”

The child looked up at God saying: “I„ve heard on earth there are bad men. Who will protect me?”

God put his arm around the child, saying: “Your angel will protect you—even if it means losing her life!”

The child looked sad, saying: “But I will always be sad because I will not see you any more.” God hugged the child: “Your angel will always talk to you about me.”

At that moment there was much peace in Heaven, but voices from earth could already be heard.

The child, in a hurry, asked softly: “Oh God, if I am about to leave now, please tell me

my angel‟s name!”

God replied: “Your angel‟s name is of no importance...You will simply call her MUMMY!” 参考范文

Long long ago there was a child who was about to be born, but he was worried about living on earth because he thought he was small and helpless. So he asked God, and God told him that he had chosen an angel for him. That angel would do anything for him, including teaching him how to speak and protecting him at any cost. At the last moment, when the child asked God the angel’s name, God said she is called MUMMY.

Unit 2

Part B Role Play

Liang Jun: Hi, Yang Hua.

Yang Hua: Hello, Liang Jun. I‟m so happy that my college life is coming to an end. I plan to

go on a tour.

Liang Jun: Where are you going for your holiday?

Yang Hua: I want to go on a tour round China.

Liang Jun: Who are you going with?

Yang Hua: Im thinking of going with my cousin in July.

Liang Jun: And where will your tour start?

Yang Hua: Well, Im planning to begin in Beijing and then go to Qingdao for a few days.

There are beautiful beaches and we can have a rest and eat some wonderful

seafood.

三问

1. How are you travelling to Qingdao?

计算机回答:I would go there by train so that I can enjoy the scenery on the way. We are staying at my aunts house. She has a holiday flat there. Then I hope we will be able to go to Nanjing. Ive never been there and Ive heard its lovely.

2. How long are you staying in Nanjing?

计算机回答:Perhaps well stay for two days at Youth Hotel and then move on to Shanghai and Hangzhou. I love these places and one of my best friends lives in Hangzhou so we can stay at his house.

3. How many days will your tour last?

计算机回答:About 8 days. And it may cost me 3000 yuan.

五答

1. Who is going on a tour with Yang Hua?

His cousin.

2. Where can Yang Hua have some seafood?

In Qingdao.

3. Has Yang Hua ever been to Nanjing?

No, never.

4. Where does one of Yang Huas best friends live?

In Hangzhou.

5. How much will the tour cost him?

About 3000 yuan.

Part C Retelling

A long time ago, there was a huge apple tree. A little boy loved to come and play under it every day. He loved the tree and the tree loved to play with him.

As time went by, the little boy had grown up and he no longer played around the tree every day. One day, the boy came back and grabbed all the apples on the tree and left happily. The boy never came back after he picked the apples. The tree was sad.

One day, the boy returned and the tree was so excited. “Come and play with me,” the tree said. But the boy cut all the branches off the tree and left happily to build his house. The tree was glad to see him happy but the boy never came back since then. The tree was again lonely and sad.

One hot summer day, the boy returned and the tree was delighted. “Come and play with me!” the tree said. This time the boy cut the tree trunk to make a boat. He went sailing and never showed up for a long time. The tree was happy, but it was not true.

Finally, the boy returned after he left for so many years.

“I am tired after all these years.” The boy said.

“Good! My old tree root is the best place to rest. Come and sit down with me and rest.” The boy sat down and the tree was glad and smiled with tears.

参考答案

Once a boy loved to play under a huge apple tree and the tree loved to play with the boy, too. But the boy always tried to take something from the tree and then left the tree for a long time. The tree was always willing to give everything he had to the boy----the fruit, the branches, the trunk and even the root. When at last the boy became old and tired and didn’t want to leave the tree any longer, the tree smiled with tears.

Unit 3

Part B Role Play

A: Do you know about William Tyndale?

B: Yes. He is the first person who wrote the Bible in English.

A: Where and when was he born?

B: He was born in 1494 in London.

A: Why did he need to write the Bible in English?

B: Because some of it was written in Greek and some in the Hebrew language and most people could not read it.

A: So people liked his Bible.

B: But the English king didnt.

A: Why?

B: Because he didnt like William Tyndale and tried to catch him.

三问

1. What did William Tyndale do then?

计算机回答:He went to Belgium where the king could not find him and continued to write his Bible there.

2. Did the king find him?

计算机回答:No, but other people found him and later he was killed.

3. But writing the Bible in English was a good idea, wasn‟t it?

计算机回答:Yes. People still read his Bible today and love his words very much.

五答

1. Where was William Tyndale born?

He was born in London.

2. Did the English king like his Bible?

No, he didnt.

3. What did he do in Belgium?

He continued to write his Bible.

4. What happened to him later?

He was killed.

5. Do people still read his Bible today?

Yes.

Part C Retelling

There was once a young man who was badly ill. He could die at anytime. He was so tired of

staying at home that he wanted to go out for once. Passing a CD store, he saw a beautiful girl about his age and he knew it was love at first sight. He opened the door and walked in, not looking at anything else but her.

She looked up and smiled: “Can I help you? ” He said: “Uh, I would like to buy a CD.” “Would you like me to wrap it for you? ” she asked, smiling again. He nodded and she went to the back. She came out with the wrapped CD. He took it and walked out of the store.

From then on, he went to that store every day and bought a CD. He just put it in his drawer and never opened it. At last one day, he took all his courage and left his phone number on the counter and ran out.

One day his phone rang, and the mother picked it up “ Hello ”It was the girl‟s voice. The mother said sadly: “But he died yesterday. ”

Later in the day, the mother went into the boy‟s room to find all the CDs in the drawer. She picked one up and opened it. Inside, there was a piece of paper which said: “Hi. Do you want to go out with me? Love, Jocelyn. ” The mother opened another CD… At last she found the same words on each piece of paper in each CD.

参考范文

A young man who was badly ill once went to a CD store. There he met a girl he loved very much, but he was so shy and inferior that he only went to buy a CD at her store every time. But he never opened it and just put it in his drawer. After he died, his mother was surprised to find that each CD in the drawer had the same note, inviting him to go out with her.

Unit 4

Part B Role Play

Henry: Hello, Betty. How are you?

Betty: Fine. thanks,Kate.

Henry: Are you sure you‟re all right? You look a bit worried today. Is there anything wrong? Betty: Well, yes, there is something wrong actually. Perhaps you can give me some advice. Kate: Of course, if I can.

Betty: Well, last night when I returned from the theatre, I found that I‟d lost my purse.

Kate: Oh dear! That‟s terrible! What was in your purse?

Betty: Well, Some money, some photos, my visa and identity card.

三问

1. Are you sure you lost the purse in the theatre?

计算机回答:Yes, quite sure.

2. Have you considered putting on a post there?

计算机回答:Yes, but I don‟t think it will work. People seldom take notice of this nowadays.

3. How about going to the police station and report it?

计算机回答:I‟ve already done that, and they said they‟d make a search for it. But we‟re leaving soon and I need my visa and identity card badly.

五答

1. What happened to Betty?

She lost her purse.

2. What‟s in Betty‟s purse?

Some money, some photos, her visa and identity card.

3. Did Betty really lose her purse in the theater?

Yes, of course.

4. Why didn‟t Betty want to put on a post there?

Because people seldom take notice of this nowadays.

5. Did she report it to the police?

Yes.

Part C Retelling.

My husband had booked tickets to go to his home, so we got seats next to each other. but when we got on the bus, we found a lady sitting on our seats. My husband signed me to sit next to her instead of telling her to move. When I took a closer look at her, I found her a bit crippled. Now I understand why my husband didn‟t do that.

He was standing from Jiayi to Taipei from beginning to end, not saying something like “Sorry, but this seat is mine.” to the lady. When we got off, I said to him: “ Dear, I understand you, but from Jiayi to Taipei is so long, at least you and she could sit by turns.”

My husband said: “It may be inconvenient for people like her for life, but for us just for three hours. ” Hearing my husband say so, I was deeply moved. I am really proud of having such a good husband, who is sure to love me heart and soul. Yes, if everyone in this world does a bit for others, the world will surly be filled with love and care.

At last, I would like to say that you may feel you are happy not because you have made a lot of money but because of the good deeds that you have done to others.

参考范文

My husband and I were going home by bus. On the bus we found our seats taken by a crippled lady. My husband didn’t say anything to the lady but kept on standing until we got off. When I asked him the reason, he explained that the disabled may have difficulty all their lives while it may be inconvenient for him only for three hours, which greatly touched me. I believe that if everyone in this world helps others a little, the world will surely be filled with love and care.

Unit 5

Part B Role Play

Mike:How do you do? Mr Fu.

Fu:How do you do? Mike.

Mike:Mr. Food, you do look like a Chinese friend of mine. Have you ever been to New York City before?

Fu:Yes, that was 3 years ago. We have an office in New York at that time.

Mike:Thats right. I remember we have met before. Have I changed so much that you cant recognize me?

Fu:No, its because you westerners all look alike to me.

Mike:I can understand. Just like we often take a Korean for a Chinese.

Fu:Well have a party tomorrow. Would you like to join us?

Mike:Sure. Id like to. But may I take my wife with me? She is eager to get acquainted with some Chinese friends.

Fu:Certainly. Please do take her with you. Here is the invitation card for you.

三问

1. What shall I wear on this occasion according to your Chinese custom?

计算机回答:No worries. We dont stand on ceremony. As a matter of fact, what

you are wearing is smart enough.

2. Who else have you invited?

计算机回答:Weve invited almost all the foreign managers at this expo.

3. Is there going to be any entertainment?

计算机回答:Yes, a couple of Chinese acrobats will give performances.

Then there will be a dance.

五答

1. When did Mr Fu go to New York?

He went to New York 3 years ago.

2. Who will Mike take with him to the party?

His wife.

3. What clothes will Mike put on tomorrow?

He will put on his best.

4. Will the occasion be very big?

Yes, it will.

5. Who will give performances at the party?

A couple of Chinese acrobats.

Part C Retelling.

A father is very worried about his son. Because his son is already 15 years old, but he acts unlike a man at all. So his father paid a visit to the master and asked him to train his son.

The master said: “I promise that I‟ll be able to train your child into a real man in three months. However, during the 3 months, you can not come to look at him. ” His father agreed.

3 months later, his father came to pick the children. The master arranged a match between the child and his coach to demonstrate the 3-month training result.

At round 1, the child was knocked down and fell to the ground. He stood up to meet the challenge. But he was knocked down again and once again he stood up to fight... ... this was repeated 16 times.

The master asked his father: “Do you think your childs performance is that of a man?”

The father said: “I feel ashamed for him! I never expected that he would be so weak after three months‟ training.”

The master said: “I don‟t agree with you, and I regret that you only see the surface of things. You have not seen the courage and perseverance in your son. This is the very spirit of a man!”

As long as you have more stand-ups than fall-downs, this is success.

参考范文

A father took his son to a master to train his son into a real man. After three months, he still felt sorry for his son when he saw he was knocked down over and over again .However, the master didn’t see that way. He felt that his son had already got courage and perseverance. I agree with the master. I believe that as long as you have more stand-ups than fall-downs, this is success.

浅谈高三英语听说训练备考策略

点拨

英语胜经

浅谈高三英语听说训练备考策略

■卢小凤

听说考试在很大程度上改变了中学英语教学中长期存在的“重知识,轻能力;重笔试,轻听说”的倾向,对提高学生的英语能力、改进英语教学方式是积极和有效的,但对山区教师和学生来说,又是一个极大的挑战。

一、找出问题,对症下药

听说考试分为三部分:模仿朗读、角色扮演和故事复述。考生若能知道每个部分的考试要求,将要求跟自己的实际情况对照,找出不足,就可以有努力的方向了。笔者在指导近三年的考生备考中,发现我们的学生主要存在以下问题:

听读地道的激情演讲,听唱英文歌和欣赏英文电影,在大量的真实、地道的语言模仿材料和语言环境里感受英语,学习英语的停顿与节奏,进而提高模仿朗读能。

4.训练要坚持不懈,材料要反复使用。

只要坚持天天练习,经过八个月,一般的考生都能逐步达到表达准确、流利和有节奏感。高考可得10分左右。模仿训练的内容不在于多,而在于精。一篇朗读材料并不是读完就了事了,而应反复听,反复朗读,直到跟原声的语音语调完全一致为止,效果就出来了,这样也有成就感。

角色扮演和故事复述也一样,一定要反复听,直到完全听懂为止,遇到困难要耐心鼓励自己,努力去听,永不泄气。只有完全听懂了,才能正确地、自信地回答或开口说。因此,听是说的前提,要提高说,须练好听,听力头等重要。

PartA模仿朗读,主要考查学生的语音、连读、句子意

群划分、语调及流利程度。学生朗读短文时语音模糊,意群停顿不合理,语调生硬单一或有声无调,语速过快或过慢,缺乏韵律感和节奏感,地方口音重。

PartB角色扮演(三问五答),提问部分侧重考查正确运用

语法结构和词汇的能力,只需正确的语音语调。回答部分是考查考生是否听懂情景对话中的信息,是否能正确传达信息,是听说合考。三问部分大部分学生都可以得分,但也有部分没注意根据疑问句的类型用正确的升调或降调,也有些翻译成中式英语。五答部分是考生的一大难题,存在无法听懂对话内容、捕捉信息能力差、速记技巧不能灵活运用等现象,有些虽然能够回答问题,但表达时有语法错误或言不达意。

5.培养听前预测材料内容的能力。

听前要根据相关的文字、图片和场景信息进行预测和推断,有关键词的要快速记下,降低理解难度或在复述时使用。

6.培养听中速记关键信息的能力。

听的过程中要练习用最简洁的速记符号记录信息,且记录时要有重点,例如PartB记数量、时间,以及转折后信息等,而PartC是较长的故事,则要注意整体把握,把焦点放在大意和关键信息上,尤其是5W和1H,即who,when,where,

PartC故事复述,强调对文章整体的理解和把握,同时

考查学生能否恰当地运用自己的语言组织要点信息,并正确而连贯表达的能力。考生存在的主要问题:1.没有宏观地把握整篇文章的脉络;2.记录要点凌乱,主次不分;3.表达不连贯;4.出现较多的语法错误;5.一些学生语速过快,含糊不清,一些说话结结巴巴,语无伦次,存在许多中式英语。

二、多管齐下,突破瓶颈

鉴于以上问题,我在备考的探索过程中主要采取了以下做法:

what,why和how。

记录时要合理安排记录内容,提高效果。例如角色扮演部分,从观看一遍视频对话到回答对话内容时间间隔相当长,若记录不当,就难以找到答案。记录时可将视频信息记在纸张最上端,接着写明题号写三问的翻译答案,使得真正录音时能注意人称、时态、语音、语调顺畅地说出来。机答信息则相应地写在问题后,这样,信息点记录便清楚明白,到五答时,1,2题答案在纸张最上端找,3~5问则在三问的翻译后找。回答时,问什么,答什么,不必多答,更不会答非所问。有时听不懂问题,只要在对应的信息区找,都有可能答对。

1.结合模块复习,夯实语音基础。

高三总复习的初始阶段,首先重抓语音知识。将模块的词汇复习、句型复习、课文复习与写作范文背诵与模仿朗读结合起来,在早晚英语朗读时间里大胆大声地朗读。同时,可以同桌互读互评,互相纠正错误发音。

PartC故事复述要把信息记在同一版面,且要留有空白写第

二次听或听后补充的内容。

7.大声朗读,大胆开口说英语。

平时一定要大声朗读课文和写作范文等,在课堂上要大胆发言,积极用英语大声大胆地回答老师的问题,参与课堂讨论。

总之,要天天练,反复听,大胆说,才可培养英语语感,养成用英语思维的习惯,才可以轻松应对高考。

2.采用听音模仿与录音比较训练。

具体是先听一遍标准朗读,不断模仿,力求语音、语调、节奏与原声一致;然后对自己的朗读进行录音;最后把自己朗读的录音与原声进行比较,琢磨出其中的差距。遵循“听———模仿———录音———比较”的步骤,多次重复,语音、语调就会越来越规范。

(作者单位:广东高州中学)

责任编校

蒋小青

3.多渠道接触原汁原味的英语。

76广东教育·高中2014年第7·8期

中考英语听说考试训练

在复习阶段英语口语听说考试训练中,同学们应该要对听说考试中的试题类型做到心中有数,同时,针对每个题型每天找几个范例练习。

Look at this picture, As we know, doing sports is very important to us. If we want to keep healthy, we should keep doing sports every day. Our school holds a sports meeting every year, there are all kinds of sports in the sports meeting, such as running, swimming, playing basketball and so on. I take part in the high jump. I think that the more sports we do, the healthier we will be! Thats all, thank you.

中考英语听说考试训练看图说话范例2:Look at this picture, water pollution is getting worse and worse. Many factories are pouring waste water into rivers. The water is becoming dirtier and dirtier and lots of fish die.

在复习阶段英语口语听说考试训练中,同学们应该要对听说考试中的试题类型做到心中有数,同时,

应该在平时的训练中明白自己的软肋在哪里

,并有针对性地采取补救措施。

<=

Look at this picture, water pollution is getting worse and worse. Many factories are pouring waste water into rivers. The water is becoming dirtier and dirtier and lots of fish die. Many people also waste a lot of water in their daily life, they often forget to turn off the taps. We cant live without

water. Lets try our best to protect water and save water. Thats all, thank you.

中考英语口语中看图说话是其中一个题型,对于看图说话,同学们需要提前练习。下面高分网中考频道小编精选了一篇看图说话题,赶快来练习一下吧。

Mike didnt feel well this morning . He had a headache and a stomachache. His mother took him to the hospital to see the doctor. The doctor looked over him and asked what was wrong with him. Mike told him that he had eaten some French fries and some ice cream. The doctor told him to eat healthy food instead of junk food. The doctor also asked him to take the medicine on time and have a good rest for a few days. I hope that he will be better soon. Thats all, thank you.

看图说话题是中考英语听说考试中的必考题型,考生们在考试前可以进行实战演练。

中考英语听说考试训练:看图说话范例(4)

It was raining hard yesterday. Rose went home by bike. Suddenly she fell off her bike and hurt her leg because of the bad weather. At that time, a policeman saw this and helped her. He stopped a taxi and sent her to a hospital at once. In the hospital the doctor looked her over carefully asked her to take some medicine. It was nothing serious. Rose was thankful to the doctor and the policeman. We hope that she will be better soon.That‘s all, thank you.

中考英语听说考试看图说话训练(

5)

:Tomorrow is Sunday. I will be busy. After I brush my teeth, I will do some morning exercises. It is good for my health. After breakfast, I will go to fly kites with my friends in the park.

Tomorrow is Sunday. I will be busy. After I brush my teeth, I will do some morning exercises. It is good for my health. After breakfast, I will go to fly kites with my friends in the park. In the afternoon, I will go to the music club. I go to the music club once a week. I can play the guitar very well.

Thats all. Thank you.

中考英语听说考试看图说话题训练(

6)

:There are six members in Tommys family. They are his grandparents, parents, his younger sister and himself. Last Saturday, the family had a picnic in the park. They took many photos there.

Tommys weekend

There are six members in Tommys family. They are his grandparents, parents, his younger sister and himself. Last Saturday, the family had a picnic in the park. They took many photos there. They were very happy. On Sunday morning, Tommy played football with his father and grandfather. They had great fun. In the afternoon, Tommy and his younger sister watched TV with their grandpa. They enjoyed it very much.

Thats all. Thank you.

中考英语听说考试看图说话题训练(7):Mrs. Jackson was walking her dog in the park. She ate a banana and threw the skin on the ground. Suddenly, her dog ran away. What would he do?

中考英语听说考试训练:看图说话范例(8

Mrs. Jackson was walking her dog in the park. She ate a banana and threw the skin on the ground. Suddenly, her dog ran away. What would he do? He caught the banana skin and threw it in the rubbish bin. The banana skins make the earth dirty. Always remember to put rubbish in the rubbish bins. Everyone should learn to fight pollution.

中考英语听说考试看图说话训练(8):

If you go to a place, make sure you know the location of the fire exit. When you find a fire, remember to call 119. The firemen can help you.

中考英语听说考试训练:看图说话范例(9)

The

four pictures show us some fire rules.

If you go to a place, make sure you know the location of the fire exit. When you find a fire, remember to call 119. The firemen can help you. If there is much smoke, you should lie down on the floor. Dont forget to wet some towels and cover your nose and mouth with them.

中考英语听说考试看题说话题训练(9):Yesterday was Sunday. I went to the park with my

classmates. There we had a picnic and played happily. Then, we decided to go home. On our way home Fangfang suddenly said she left something there and we had to go back to the park.

中考英语听说考试训练:看图说话范例(9)

Yesterday was Sunday. I went to the park with my classmates. There we had a picnic and played happily. Then, we decided to go home. On our way home Fangfang suddenly said she left something there and we had to go back to the park. When we arrived there, we found nothing but the rubbish we left. Then we understood why she asked us to come back. We all began to pick it up. Although it took us about twenty minutes to pick up all the rubbish, we felt very happy. Taking care of the environment is our duty. We should not throw rubbish about.

中考英语听说考试看图说话题训练(10):

Today is Monday. Lily and her brother get up early. They

water the plants in their garden. After breakfast, they go to school together. After school, Lily goes home and draws a picture with her father in the garden.

中考英语听说考试训练:看图说话范例(10)

Today is Monday. Lily and her brother get up early. They water the plants in their garden. After breakfast, they go to school together. After school, Lily goes home and draws a picture with her father in the garden. Lily draws a small house. In the evening, Lily writes a letter to her pen pal. She tells her pen pal shes very happy today.

智慧外语培训学校大岗分校 2014春季资料 Kelly

中考英语听说考试训练:看图说话范例(11) 中考英语听说考试看图说话题训练(11

):When Tom got home from school this afternoon

, he found his mother lying on the bed. His mother told him that she didn‘t feel well and asked him to do some cooking.

When Tom got home from school this afternoon, he found his mother lying on the bed. His mother told him that she didn‘t feel well and asked him to do some cooking. He agreed and began to cook supper. When the meal was ready, he filled a bowl with noodles and brought it to his mother. After a while, his father came back from work. When he knew all this, he was proud of his son.

(听说训练)《我的家》

教学目标 (情感、知识、技能)

1、得要尊敬老人、爱爸爸、爱妈妈。

2、能正确、清楚、响亮地用一句话回答自己家的地址,家里有哪几个人。

重点 能正确、清楚、响亮地各用一句话回答课后三个问题。

难点 用普通话正确练说。

教具准备 录音机、投影片

教学过程

(一)、揭示课题,提出听说要求。

1、我们每个小朋友都有自己的家,今天这接课就请每个小朋友向大家介绍一下自己的家。

出示课题:4 我的家(听说训练)

2、出示投影片:小朋友,这是丁丁的家,我们先仔细看图,在介绍丁丁的家和自己的家时,发音要正确,说话要清楚,声音要响亮,别人在介绍时要注意认真听。板书:正确、清楚、响亮

(二)、指导看图,学习说话。

1、我们先让丁丁来介绍一下他的家。播放录象。

(小朋友,你们好!我叫丁丁。我的家在农村。我家有爷爷、奶奶、爸爸、妈妈和我,共五口人。)

2、丁丁向我们介绍了什么?根据小黑板上的问题回答。小黑板出示题目:家在那儿?家里有那几个人?

3、你们听到了,刚才丁丁说得多好啊。说话完整,发音正确、清楚、响亮。看那个小朋友能学着他的样子介绍一下丁丁的家。

(1)、指导说第一个问题:丁丁的家在哪里?引导学生由近及远,从院子里到院子外仔细看图,知道丁丁的家在农村。

(屋顶有烟囱,屋后养着猪,爷爷拿着锄头等。)

a、指名说:丁丁的家在农村。

b、同桌互说。

(2)、指导说第二个问题:丁丁的家里有哪几个人?要注意从年长的说起。

A、指名说:丁丁的家里有爷爷、奶奶、爸爸、妈妈和他自己,共五口人。

B、师生回答。

C、同桌问答。

4、下面我们就学着丁顶的样子来介绍自己的家。(在小黑板的问题前加一个“你”)

(1)、指导学生回答第一个问题。

(说清家庭住址。家在农村的要说清楚住在**镇**村。家在城镇的要说清在**路几号。)

先让学生自由练说。师生回答。

师:你家在哪儿?

生:我家在**镇**村。

最后开小火车练说。

(2)、指导学生回答第二个问题。要说清家里有哪几个人,应该从年长的说起,最后说自己。

A、让学生自由练说。

B、指名试说。要求说话完整,发音正确、清楚、响亮。

C、指名小组“开火车”

D、同桌互相自我介绍。

(3)、把一、二两个问题连起来说一说。

(四)、再次看图,学习说话。

1、我们再来看图:丁丁的爸爸、妈妈是做什么工作的?

小黑板出示:爸爸、妈妈是做什么工作的?8

可以播放录象:

丁丁:我爸爸是医生。我妈妈喂猪,干农活。早晨,爸爸骑着自行车去上班。妈妈在后门口喂猪。我背着书包到学校去上学。临走时,我很有礼貌地对爷爷奶奶说:“爷爷、奶奶,再见!”

2、看,丁顶多有礼貌呀,我们小朋友也要向丁丁学习尊敬老人,爱爸爸、妈妈。

3、谁来说说丁丁的爸爸、妈妈是干什么的?

4、看谁最能干,看着图连起来说说:丁丁的家在哪里?家里有哪几个人?早晨他们做些什么?

5、可以抽五名学生上台表演。

(五)、按课后第三个问题学习说话。

1、你的爸爸、妈妈是做什么工作的?

2、像丁丁一样,连起来说说:你的家在哪里?家里有哪几个人?爸爸、妈妈是做什么工作的?

(六)、师生共同小结。

这节课我们学会了什么?我们还懂了什么?

(做一个尊敬老人,爱爸爸、妈妈的好孩子。)

板书:

我的家 我家在——正确

我家有——清楚

爸爸是……妈妈是……响亮

4 我的家(听说训练)

课    题(教学内容)4 我的家(听说训练)课时1

教 学 目 标(情感、知识、技能)1、得要尊敬老人、爱爸爸、爱妈妈。2、能正确、清楚、响亮地用一句话回答自己家的地址,家里有哪几个人。

重    点能正确、清楚、响亮地各用一句话回答课后三个问题。

难    点用普通话正确练说。

教 具 准 备录音机、投影片

教      学       过       程时间备注

(一)、揭示课题,提出听说要求。1、我们每个小朋友都有自己的家,今天这接课就请每个小朋友向大家介绍一下自己的家。出示课题:         4   我的家(听说训练)2、出示投影片:小朋友,这是丁丁的家,我们先仔细看图,在介绍丁丁的家和自己的家时,发音要正确,说话要清楚,声音要响亮,别人在介绍时要注意认真听。板书:正确、清楚、响亮(二)、指导看图,学习说话。1、我们先让丁丁来介绍一下他的家。  播放录象。(小朋友,你们好!我叫丁丁。我的家在农村。我家有爷爷、奶奶、爸爸、妈妈和我,共五口人。)2、丁丁向我们介绍了什么?根据小黑板上的问题回答。小黑板出示题目:家在那儿?家里有那几个人?515

教      学       过       程时间备注

3、你们听到了,刚才丁丁说得多好啊。说话完整,发音正确、清楚、响亮。看那个小朋友能学着他的样子介绍一下丁丁的家。(1)、指导说第一个问题:丁丁的家在哪里?引导学生由近及远,从院子里到院子外仔细看图,知道丁丁的家在农村。(屋顶有烟囱,屋后养着猪,爷爷拿着锄头等。)a、 指名说:丁丁的家在农村。   b、 同桌互说。(2)、指导说第二个问题:丁丁的家里有哪几个人?要注意从年长的说起。A、指名说:丁丁的家里有爷爷、奶奶、爸爸、妈妈和他自己,共五口人。B、师生回答。C、同桌问答。 4、下面我们就学着丁顶的样子来介绍自己的家。(在小黑板的问题前加一个“你”)(1)、指导学生回答第一个问题。(说清家庭住址。家在农村的要说清楚住在**镇**村。家在城镇的要说清在**路几号。)先让学生自由练说。师生回答。师:你家在哪儿?生:我家在**镇**村。最后开小火车练说。(2)、指导学生回答第二个问题。要说清家里有哪几个人,应该从年长的说起,最后说自己。   A、让学生自由练说。   B、指名试说。要求说话完整,发音正确、清楚、响亮。   C、指名小组“开火车”D、同桌互相自我介绍。 (3)、把一、二两个问题连起来说一说。(四)、再次看图,学习说话。1、我们再来看图:丁丁的爸爸、妈妈是做什么工作的?小黑板出示:爸爸、妈妈是做什么工作的? 8

教      学       过       程时间备注

可以播放录象:丁丁:我爸爸是医生。我妈妈喂猪,干农活。早晨,爸爸骑着自行车去上班。妈妈在后门口喂猪。我背着书包到学校去上学。临走时,我很有礼貌地对爷爷奶奶说:“爷爷、奶奶,再见!”2、看,丁顶多有礼貌呀,我们小朋友也要向丁丁学习尊敬老人,爱爸爸、妈妈。3、谁来说说丁丁的爸爸、妈妈是干什么的?4、看谁最能干,看着图连起来说说:丁丁的家在哪里?家里有哪几个人?早晨他们做些什么?5、可以抽五名学生上台表演。(五)、按课后第三个问题学习说话。1、你的爸爸、妈妈是做什么工作的?2、像丁丁一样,连起来说说:你的家在哪里?家里有哪几个人?爸爸、妈妈是做什么工作的?(六)、师生共同小结。这节课我们学会了什么?我们还懂了什么?(做一个尊敬老人,爱爸爸、妈妈的好孩子。)板书:我的家我家在——                          正确我家有——                          清楚爸爸是……    妈妈是……            响亮93

高中英语听说训练方案

高中英语听说训练方案

(一) 培养学生的听说兴趣

普通中学高中生的英语基础普遍较差,畏难情绪高涨,缺少恒心和耐心去学习。这也是他们很难学好英语的主要原因。托尔斯泰曾说过:“成功的教育,所需的不是强制,而是激发学生学习的兴趣。”可见,激发学生的兴趣在求知过程中,具有举足轻重的地位,使学生在愉快中学习,是教学的重要任务。只要把学生对英语的兴趣激发出来就能够事半功倍了。教师要关注学生的爱好,男同学比较好动,喜欢NBA的篮球明星,那么教师就可以收集这方面的信息和学生交流,询问篮球明星的名字,他们在哪一个队,上一场的比赛结果是多少等等,这样就会引起他们的好奇心,有说英语的欲望了。

(二)创设轻松、愉悦的教学气氛

语言学家Krashen认为,语言技能的习得只有在下面几个条件下才能完成:

(1)学习者明确的学习目的.(2)学习者有信心,自我感觉良好.(3)学习者的焦虑水平低。听说训练的关键在于引导学生多听敢说。因此,为最大限度地调动学生潜在的学习积极性,教师应首先从降低学生焦虑感入手,充分理解学生作为外语初学者的学习困难,尊重他们的自尊心,激发其学习兴趣,避免动辄指责批评。对于他们的点滴进步应及时给予充分肯定,以增强其学习自信心。还应因势利导,即允许听不懂或说不准,又要耐心引导启发,使其积极思维而不轻易放弃、听说能力逐渐得到提高。

(三)充分利用现行教材进行听说训练

听说教学的理论基础——行为主义教学法(Behaviourism)提出:听说训练的基本模式是刺激(stimulus)、反应(response)和强化(reinforcement)。即多听——语言信息对学生的刺激,多说——学生对刺激的反应。由此可见,多听多说是搞好听说训练的首要条件。然而现阶段高中每周只开设五节英语课,为多听多说增加课时显然是不现实的。那么充分挖掘、利用现行教材的听说因素是一条非常重要的途径。

训练可按下列环节进行:预习——听——问答——说。

预习环节应在教师指导下由学生独立完成。预习做得好坏将直接影响听说训练能否顺利进行。预习得好,学生便有了参与训练的物质准备和心理准备,训练效果将大大提高。 听环节则由教师将课文改写成一百词左右的短文简述一、两遍。短文应尽量覆盖课文要点,可要求学生根据需要适当做笔记,记下一些提示性的关键词语。

说环节可分两步走:先由同桌或前后相邻四位学生互相复述所听材料,再由教师抽检效果。抽检形式可多样化,除点名提问外,还可由各组推举代表,也可抽签或自愿发言。 实践表明,完成上述环节一般费时15-20分钟,此时学生对课文概况已基本了解,大都能用英语简略复述一遍,连中下层学生也能参加操作,且效果良好。

坚持利用现行教材开展听说训练,既完成了围绕课文理解的教学任务,又提高了学生的英语听说能力。又因训练是由易到难循序渐进的,学生大都不感到很吃力,且越练越有信心、越练越想练。听说能力的提高同时又促进了读写水平的提高。

(四)教学过程中以英语口语交际为主,开展多种形式的课堂口语交际

首先要求教师能用流利的口语授课。这也是《新课标》中要求的。教师要好好利用这短短的40分钟,多用英语表达,这样学生的思维也会跟着英语的思路转,慢慢地习惯英语的环境,也会不自觉地用英语来回答问题。但是我教的学生的词汇量太少了,在初中时英语没有学好,到了高中各方面的知识点都难了,如果一下子要求他们全部听懂是很困难的,这样教师就要加倍地耐心教导。上课时可以放慢语速,配合动作,表情或适当的解释,坚持用英语组织教学,特别是一些指令性的语言,尽量避免使用汉语,使用英语反复操练,让他们反复感受,逐渐记住教师的一些简单的课堂用语,慢慢培养学生的听力和用英语思维思考问题的能力。

语言来源于生活,又运用于生活。在英语教学中要根据生活来设置一些语言情境,让学生有机会说他们知道的,想说的东西。教师可以很好地利用课前的导入创设一些情景,例如

高中英语必修3unit1的主题是Festivals around the world。文中介绍了各地的不同节日及其庆祝的方法。对于刚刚过完春节回校的学生来说,在这愉快的假期里肯定有很多有趣的事情发生,这样就激发了他们说的欲望。除此以外,课堂的口语练习模式可以是多种多样的,有询问值日生天气情况的,有说绕口令的,有小组讨论的,也有话剧表演的等等。创造一种轻松愉快的语言环境,有利于学生口头表达。

(五)利用课外活动开展英语听说训练

要使学生听说能力达到较高水平,光靠每周五节课所能提供的时间是远远不够的,因此利用课外活动开展听说训练是对课堂教学的重要补充。有计划有组织地指导学生在课外开展听说训练,活动形式可以是英语角、听力竞赛、演讲竞赛等,一方面让学生在实践中学习,锻炼实际运用英语的能力;另一方面营造大家听英语、讲英语的良好氛围,有力地促进了英语课堂教学。另外,广播电视上播放的英语教学节目也可作为课外补充介绍给学生,让他们更多接触地道的英语,提高听说能力。

当然,学生听说能力的提高决不是一朝一夕的问题。但只要我们加以重视,行动起来,坚持不懈,学生的听说能力就会得到很大的提高。

高中英语听说训练课

高中英语听说训练课

一、教学设计

(一)教学目标

社会生活的信息化和经济的全球化,对英语教和学都提出了更高的要求。2010年广东高考英语听力部分有了很大的变化,包括笔试和口试。这客观上要求我们在面对新题型的时候,要讲究方法和策略。该听说训练课的教学目标旨在通过丰富多样的基础训练,使学生能够夯实基础,提高能力,增强沟通交流的欲望和技巧;通过多样化题型的训练,适应新题型的考查方式,增强自信心,提高成绩。

(二)教学内容

听力在高考中一直占据着重要的地位,2010年广东高考口试将采用人机对话的听说测试,这种考查方式体现了英语学习的科学规律,同时也对我们提出了更高的要求。英语的学习是一个长期积累的过程,能力的提高不是一朝一夕的事情,因此本节听说训练课的内容讲究梯度,遵循由浅入深,由易到难,循序渐进的原则,旨在逐步全面提高学生的整体英语听说能力与应付考试的能力。让学生适应多样化听说训练题型是本课的重点问题,难点在如何引导学生积极参与听说活动。

(三)教学对象

本课的教学对象是高三年级的学生。高三的学生在经历高一高二的积累后读写能力基础都已经比较扎实。但听说测试是新题型,高三学生由于平时学业任务繁重,没有太多的途径接触英语听说材料,因此他们听说能力仍然比较薄弱。为了解决这一问题,本课在选择材料时尽量选择贴近学生生活的,学生喜闻乐见的材料来做训练。

(四)教学策略

 教学设计思路

1、通过Tongue twister 这个环节来调动气氛,同时为说做好准备;

2、通过Learn a song 来进一步提升学生的课堂参与度并训练听说能力;

3、通过Reading aloud这个环节来让学生熟悉高考听说题型,并讲解“连读”这一概念;

4、通过Listen and act 这个环节让学生在听说以后,通过模仿对话的方式来提升运用英语的能力;

5、通过Retelling这个环节来对所学内容做一个归纳总结,这样既可以训练高考类似题型,又可以检验学生课堂学习的有效性。  教学方法 任务型教学为主  教学媒体

多媒体教学为辅助手段  教学过程

Part 1 Muscle Practice

设想:学生在上课初期往往找不到状态,通过“绕口令”的方式能够调动学生气氛,让学生从快速朗读中找到“说”的状态;同时“绕口令”比赛可以有效提升课堂乐趣。

Tongue Twister:

1. How many cookies could a good cook cook, if a good cook could cook cookies? A good cook could cook as much cookies as a good cook who could cook cookies.

2.I wish to wish the wish you wish to wish, but if you wish the wish the witch wishes, I wont wish the wish you wish to wish.

3.I thought a thought. But the thought I thought wasnt the thought I thought I thought. If the thought I thought I thought had been the thought I thought, I wouldnt have thought so much. Part 2 Learn a song

设想:许多学生喜欢听英文歌曲,让学生学唱英文歌既可以提升学生学习英语的兴趣,又可以锻炼他们“听”的能力。更重要的是歌曲的主题会勾起他们许多关于朋友的回忆,让他们更珍惜身边的朋友。

A friend at all times. A friend at all times. A friend at all times. A good friend

A friend at all times. A friend at all times. A friend at all times. A good friend a lifetime.

Part 3 Reading Aloud

Shining through the darkest night Truly a friend for life.

Let pass with no regrets. Reach out to give your hand The world will be Be the best friend you can.

I am so proud to have you . A good friend lasts a lifetime.

设想:该题型为高考题型。马丁路德的演讲充满激情,可以引起学生模仿的兴趣。该演讲中有大量连读的单词,可以为学生讲解连读的知识,让学生逐渐学会连读,以达到流畅朗读英语的目的。在朗读过后,鼓励一两个学生来当众朗读,这样既可以检验朗读效果,又可以锻炼学生胆量。

I have a dream that one day on the red hills of Georgia, the sons of former slaves and the sons of former slave owners will be able to sit down together at the table of brotherhood.

I have a dream that one day even the state of Mississippi, a state sweltering with the heat of injustice, sweltering with the heat of oppression, will be transformed into an oasis of freedom and justice.

I have a dream that my four little children will one day live in a

nation where they will not be judged by the color of their skin but by the content of their character. I have a dream today! Part 4 Listen and Act

设想:该题型是以高考题型“Role Play”来设计的,其中将听说结合,先听后说。在说的过程中鼓励学生适当改变对话内容,让学生的能力得到进一步的提升。

W: Jack Smith, you can come in now. Sorry to keep you waiting. Take a seat.

M: Thank you.

M: I’m in my last year of high school. M: Economics, particularly group discussion and the differences between economic systems.

M: I think I’d like to go into a management, but I’m not sure in what area yet.

W: Okay. We will take a look at your application and let you know by mail if you have been accepted. M: Oh, that’s great. Thank you.

W: Now, if you’d like to go outside. I have a student lined up who’ll . Part 5 Retelling

设想:该题型为高考题型。考虑到时间关系,并没有为学生设置“Retell story”的内容。让学生复述本课内容既可以加深学生对所学内容的掌握程度,又可以让学生对老师所上的课做出评价。

You are required to retell the lesson we learned in your own words. Key structure:

In the first part…what happened? In the second part… what happened? …

In the last part… what happened? Your opinion about this lesson.

Part 6 Homework

设想:作业的主要目的在于让课堂内容得到延续和拔高。因此在作业的安排上首先让学生熟练背诵马丁路德的演讲中的一些经典片段,并脱稿演讲,这样既可以锻炼学生能力,又可以增强自信心。然后再以“旅游”为主题编造对话,这个话题和学生生活比较贴近,可以为学生提供足够的想象空间。

1.Recite I have a dream and give a presentation in the next class.

2.Work as groups and make up a dialogue on the topic of Traveling. (no less than 300 words.

 板书设计(本课为听说课,所以内容均在课件上展示)  教学评价(见视频教师评课环节)

二、教学反思

成功之处:

1、时间把握到位; 2、教学过程清晰; 3、教学内容新颖; 4、学生配合积极; 不足之处:

1、Part 3部分内容过长,学生操练时间不够;

2、讲解“连读”这个知识点之后,没有给学生时间训练;忽略了反馈的过程; 3、口语表达方面有含糊不清、不够简练的情况出现; 4、被讲台束缚,与学生互动不够; 5、讲课声音偏小;

英语听说训练备考策略

2012年广东高考英语听说考试备考策略 第一部分

Part A Reading Aloud 模仿朗读

一、考试目标

本题型的话题范围多元化,涉及自然、地理、历史、人文、文学与艺术、热点话题等方面的内容。文段长度在110个单词左右。文段中出现的超纲词一般不超过3个,且超纲词都是符合发音规律的词汇,可通过模仿来正确朗读。

(一)应试目标:对于该题型,新《英语课程标准》和《广东省高考英语考试大纲》皆有相应的语言和技能要求:1、能使用恰当的语调和节奏;2、在口头表达中逐步做到语音语调自然、得体、流畅。

(二)能力目标:具体而言,应对该题型,同学们必须培养以下的能力:1、正确的语音语调;2、识别语音语调特征的能力(包括识别词汇的轻重读、词汇

的连读、句子意群之间节奏的变化以及语调);3、模仿的能力。

二、备考策略

同学们必须在平时的英语学习中,加强模仿朗读,完善语音语调。必须逐个突破语音关,学会处理句子的语调、意群、停顿、爆破、连读以及流利性等口语基本技能,追求“洋腔洋调”。以下两种做法可供同学们参考:

1、影子跟读训练法:选取现行教材中的重点段落录音进行强化性的模仿。具体做法是:用迟于原录音1秒钟的速度跟读,保证在先听清原声的语音语调的基础上进行模仿,同时要紧跟朗读者的语速,力求语速上也达到原声的要求。模仿过程中,不仅要注意语调,还要特别注意原声对于句子意群、词汇轻重读的处理。

2、录音比较训练法:持之以恒,可以使得自己的语音语调达到质的飞跃。先听一遍标准朗读,不断模仿,力求语音、语调、节奏与原声一致;然后对自己的朗读进行录音;最后把自己朗读的录音与原声进行比较,琢磨出其中的差距。遵循“听一模仿一录音一比较”的步骤,多次重复,语音语调会越来越规范。

Part B Role Play 角色扮演

一、考试目标

角色扮演部分的话题范围一般界定在《广东省普通高考英语科考试说明》附录5话题项目表以内,贴近学生的实际生活,即涉及到个人情况、周围环

境、日常活动、学校生活、兴趣和爱好等的方面的内容.语言材料大部分以对话形式出现,但也可能是独白,题目中有简短的情景提示。语言材料长度一般在280个单词左右(包括提问部分的人机对话内容)。

(一) 应试目标:新课标及高考大纲对该题型相应的考察目标主要有以下几点:1.能听懂有关熟悉话题的讨论和谈话并记住要点;2.能抓住简单语段中的观点;3.能在日常人际

交往中有效地使用语言进行表达,如发表意见、进行判断、责备、投诉等;4.询问或传递事实性信息,表达意思和想法;5.根据语音辨别和书写不太熟悉的单词或简单语句。

(二) 能力目标:具体而言,同学们应培养:1.宏观了解长段话语,建立语境的能力;

2.听懂重要细节的能力(人物、事物、行为、时间、对象、数字等信息以及信息之间的联系);

3.口头索取信息的能力;4.正确理解问题的能力;5.口头传达信息的能力;6.一定的要点记忆能力。

二、备考策略

本题信息来源于考生所观看的有声录像及电脑对三个问题的回答。同学们要重点记录这两部分的重要信息。

(一) 提问部分备考策略:提问部分侧重考查正确使用语言的能力。提问时,要注意确定用一般疑问句还是特殊疑问句,注意正确使用疑问词。

例l:住学校宿舍是否较便宜?

Is it cheaper to live in the school dormitory?

例2:天气如何?

What is the weather like?

例3:如何从学校到机场?

How can we get to the airport from the school?

例4:最近的地铁站在哪里?

Where is the nearest underground station from here?

(二) 回答部分备考策略:回答部分侧重考查正确传达信息的能力。回答时,要符合实际交际,问什么,答什么,不必多答,更不能答非所问。注意:可以

简略回答!

例l:—— How long does a letter take to reach Japan?

—— About ten days.

例2:—— What are they talking about?

—— Environmental problems.

(三) 注意事项:

1.利用视频信息帮助理解;

2.练习用最简洁的符号记录信息,例如字母、箭头、笔划、汉字、图形等;

3.准备提问时,可简单写下问句,特别是疑问词.使得真正录音时能比较顺畅;

4.第一轮提问后听回答时,作简单笔记,记录必要的信息点,如:数量、时间等;

5.第二轮回答时,判断问题所涉及的信息点,根据所记,做出恰当回答。

Part C Retelling the Story 复述故事

一、考试目标

本题型的故事体裁一般为叙事和简单的夹叙夹议文章,长度在250个单词左右。故事内容往往比较贴近生活,包括学校生活、家庭生活、人际交往等。文章结构比较完整,易于通过听来理解内容,并进行口头表述。

(一) 宏观应试目标:复述故事对听说方面的能力较模仿朗读、角色扮演题型有更高的要求。除了要达到前两个题型的基本要求之外,复述故事更加

强调对篇章的整体性理解和把握,同时考查能否恰当地运用自己的语言组织要点信息,并正确而连贯表达的能力。

新课标和高考大纲对该题型的相应要求除了“能听懂有关熟悉话题的讨论和谈话并记住要点”外,还有以下三个主要的要求:1.使用适当的语言形式进行描述和表达观点、态度、情感等;2.学习、掌握基本语篇知识并根据特定目的有效地组织信息;3.在学习中借助图表等非语言信息进行理解或表达。

(二) 微观能力目标:具体而言,同学们要具备:1.宏观获取篇章脉络的能力;2.组织要点的能力;3.连贯表达的能力;4.正确使用语法、词汇的能力。

二、备考策略

(一) 听取故事时,要注意:1.宏观把握,注意开头句;2.记录关键词。

(二) 复述故事时,要注意:1.明确复述时使用的人称或称谓;2.代词he、she要弄清,正确使用单复数、时态、句子转承时的连词;3.复述要连贯,不

要连续重复某个词或某句话。

(三) 常规训练建议:1.课堂上大胆发言,把握一切可以锻炼英语口语的机会提高口头表达能力;2.充分利用课堂教学素材,选取故事性较强的文章或段落进行复述训练;3.有意识地培养速记的能力,积累丰富有效的速记符号;4.礼用旧题型的听力材料,进行听说训练。忽略旧题型的选项部分,一边听一边记录要点,训练听取大意、获取要点以及已记录要点的能力,同时用自己的语言进行复述,强化故事复述能力的培养。

第二部分

2012广东省听说考试学生训练必备材料(1)

1、个人情况(personal information)

(1)When were you born? I was born in May./June/march

(2)Where were you born? I was born in Changsha.

(3)Where do you live? I live in Changsha.

(4)Which class are you in? I am in Class 11/13.

1.What do you think of yourself? 2. Do you think you are able to take care of yourself?

( 1 ) How old are you?

( 2 ) Do you enjoy your school life?

( 3 ) When do you get up every day?

( 4 ) Are you interested in English? Why?

话题:Personal information(个人情况)

( 1 ) Are you a happy boy/girl?

( 2 ) How old are you?

( 3 ) How many people are there in your family?

( 4 ) Do you love your family? Why?

2.学校生活(School life)

(1) Do you think you are a good student? Yes, I think so.

(2) Are you interested in English? Yes, I am.

(3) How many subjects do you have? Seven.

(4) Do you like your school? Why? Yes, I do. Because it’s the best.

①How many days do you go to school every week? Five.

②Can you tell me five subjects you study at school? English, Chinese, maths, history, P.E. ③Which is more popular in your school, football or basketball? Football/Basketball.

④Do you have a lot of homework to do everyday? Yes, I do./No, Idon’t

⑤Can you say something about your class? Yes. My class is a good one.

All my classmates are very friendly.

话题:School life(学校生活)

( 1 ) Do you go to school every day?

( 2 ) When do you usually get to school?

( 3 ) What do you usually do after school?

( 4 ) Do you like your school? Why?

3、家庭、朋友与周围的人(Family, friends and people around)

(1) Do you love your family? Yes, I do.

(2) How many people are there in your family? There.

(3) What does your father do? He is a teacher. /a driver./an officer.

(4) Do you have many friends? Yes, I do.

(5) Who is your best friend? _____________.

What do you often do when you get together? We often play football./chat with each other.

(1) Are you happy at home? Why? Yes, I am. Because I love my family.

(2) Do you prefer big families or small families? Small families./Big families.

(3) Could you tell me something about your family? My family is a big one.

(WORES:grandparents, parents, brother, sister, aunt, uncle, schoolmate, classmate, teacher etc.)

话题:Family, friends and people around(家庭、朋友与周围的人)

( 1 ) Is your mother a doctor?

( 2 ) How old is your father?

( 3 ) What do you often do when you stay at home?

( 4 ) Do you love your family? Why?

4、日常活动(Daily routines)

(1) Are you busy these days? Yes, I am.

(2) Do you have classes from Monday to Friday? Yes, I do.

(3) How do you usually go to school? By bus./ On foot./By bike.

(4) Where do you have your lunch? At home./ At school.

(5) How do you spend your free time? I watch TV./Play games./ play basketball. ①What time do you usually go to school in the morning? At:7:00

②Is your school for from your home? Yes, it is./No, it isn’t

③What do you usually do on Sundays? I do some sports./I have a good rest. ④What do you do in the morning? I do morning exercises./I have breakfast.

1、Do you do exercise every day? 2、What time do you usually get up?

3、What do you usually do after school? 4、What time do you go to bed?

5、When do you usually have supper? 6、How far is it from your home to your school?

7、Do you watch TV every day? 8、How do you get to school?

话题:Daily routines(日常活动)

( 1 ) Do you play basketball every day?

( 2 ) What time do you usually get up?

( 3 ) What do you usually do after supper?

( 4 ) Do you like watching TV? Why?

5、周围的环境(personal environments)

(1) Is there a supermarket near here? Yes, there is.

(2) Where did you buy your schoolbag? In the supermarket.

(3) How much is your bag? 50 yuan.

(4) DO you like the bag? Why? Yes, I do.

①Where is your hometown? Changsha.

②Is there any river near your home? Yes, there is.

③Do you live in the city or in the country? In the city.

④Which do you prefer, living in the city or living in the country? Why?

I prefer living in the country. Because the country is quite and the air is fresh.

话题:Personal environments(周围的环境)

(1)Is there a river near your home?

(2)How often do you clean your classroom?

(3)What can we do to keep our school nice and clean?

(4)Do you think Changsha is a beautiful city? Why?

2012广东省听说考试学生训练必备材料(2)

6、兴趣与爱好

(1) Do you like playing football? Yes, I do.

(2) Are you interested in watching TV? Yes, I am.

(3) What is your favorite color? Red./Blue.

(4) Which subject do you like best? English./Maths./P.E.

(5) What do you usually do in your free time? I watch. TV

①DO you like sports? Yes, I do.

②Do you have much time on sports? Yes, I do.

③What is the most popular sport in China? Table tennis.

④When will the next Olympic Games be held in Beijing? In 2008.

⑤How do you spend your free time? I listen to music./read some books.

1、What kind of music do you like? 2、Do you like pop singers/music?

3、What kind of singers do you like best? 4、What kind of movies do you like?

5、Do you like watching TV? Why or why not?

(WORDS:music, dance, do sports, computer games, collect stamps, collect coins, collect dolls, read books, newspapers, comics, listen to radio, watch TV, have parties, go for picnics)

话题:Interests and hobbies (兴趣与爱好)

(1)Do you like playing basketball?

(2)Who is the best basketball player in your class?

(3)What’s your hobby?

(4)Is playing computer games too much good or bad? Why?

7、个人感情(Emotions)

(1) Are you happy today? Yes, I am.

(2) Do you like pop music? Yes, I do.

(3) Who is the most popular teacher in your school? Miss-.Mr-.

(4) Will you get angry if your friend hit you? Why?

No. I won’t. Because I think friendship is the most important.

(WORDS:Happy, sad, angry, upset, pleased, proud, lonely, worried, nervous, afraid, smile cry)

话题:Emotions (个人感情)

( 1 ) Are you happy today?

( 2 ) How are you getting on with your family members?

( 3 ) Who is your favorite teacher?

( 4 ) Do you love your father? Why?

8、人际关系(Interpersonal relationships)

(1) Do you have any brothers or sisters? Yes, I do.

(2) Who do you usually ask for help? My friends./My mother./My sister.

(3) Do you have any good friends? Yes, I do.

(4) Are you getting on well with your friends? Yes, I am.

(5) Can you say something about your best friend? My best friend is … He is tall.

话题:Interpersonal relationships (人际关系)

( 1 ) Do you have any friends?

( 2 ) Who is your best friend?

( 3 ) What do you often do when you’re with your friends?

( 4 ) Can your parents be your friends? Why?

2012广东省听说考试学生训练必备材料(3)

9、计划与愿望(Plans and intentions)

(1) What are you going to be when you grow up? I want to be a teacher/a doctor/ an actor.

(2) How are you going to do that? I will study hard/take acting lessons.

(3) What are you doing for summer vacation? I am going camping/ I am going to visit Shanghai.

(4) Where would you like to spend your holiday? Why?

I would like to go to Hainan. Because it’s beautiful and I can swim in the sea.

(5) What would you do if you had a million dollars? I would give it to the poor/ charity.

话题:Plans and intentions (计划与愿望)

(1 ) Are you going to play football this afternoon?

( 2 ) Where are you going to study next year?

( 3 ) What do you want to be when you grow up?

( 4 ) Are you going to visit Beijing someday? Why?

10、节假日活动(Festivals,holidays and celebrations)

(2) What are you going to do on May Day? Go shopping./Go traveling.

(3) Do you go to school on Saturday? Yes, I do.

(4) What do you often do on Sundays? Play games./Have a good rest.

(5) When is Children’s day? It’s June the first.

①Can you tell me three traditional festivals in China? Spring Festival, Mid-autumn Day

Dragon boat festival.

②What’s your favorite English festival? Christmas./Thanks-giving Day. ③ What food do Chinese people often have in Spring Festival? Dumplings.

④Do you like Mid-autumn Day? Why? Yes, I do. Yes, I do. Because my family can get together enjoy the mooncakes.

1、What’s your favorite festival in China? 2、When is National Day?/May Day? 话题:Festivals, holidays and celebrations(节假日活动)

(1) Do you do some housework on Sunday?

(2) When is Christmas Day?

(3) What do you often do during Spring Festival ?

(4) Do you like New Year’s Day? Why?

11、购物(Shopping)

(1) Do you like going shopping? Yes, I do.

(2) Who do you usually go shopping with? My friends./My mother.

(3) Where do you buy your school things? In the supermarkes.

(4) How much do you spend on the school things every term? 100 yuan.

(5) How often do you go shopping? Once a week.

话题:Shopping (购物)

(1) Do you often go shopping? 2) Where did you buy your school things?

(3) How much is your backpack?(4) Do you like supermarket? Why?

12、饮食(Food and drink)

(1) Do you have your breakfast at home? Yes, I do.

(2) Who cooks the meals in your family? My mother.

(3) Do you often have something to drink when you have a big meal? Yes, I do.

(4) What is your favorite food? Why? Fish Because it’s delicious. ①How many meals do you have every day? Three.

②What do you like for breakfast? Bread and milk./ Noodles. ③Where do you usually have lunch? At school./At home.

④Do you often cook at home? Yes, I do.

⑤What food do you like and what do you dislike? I like fish but I don’t like meat.

1、What’s your favorite drink? 2、Who cooks for you?

3、Do you know how to cook? 4、What do you think of junk food?

5、What do you think of vegetables? 6、What do you have for lunch? (WORDS:beef, chicken, pork, fish, chicken, tofu, vegetable, rice, bread, noodles, cake,/drinks, milk, water, juice, soft drink, coke,/ fast foods sandwiches, noodles, dumplings, hot dogs, hamburgers, chips.)

话题:Food and drink (饮食)

( 1 ) How many meals do you have every day?

( 2 ) Who cooks the meals in your family?

( 3 ) Is there a fast food restaurant near your home?

( 4 ) Do you like fast food? Why?

2012广东省听说考试学生训练必备材料(4)

13、体育与健康(Sports and Health)

(1) Do you have breakfast every day? Yes, I do.

(2) Is smoking good or bad for your health? It’s bad for my health.

(3) What is your favorite good? Fruit./Vegetables.

(4) Do you have fruit every day? Why? Yes, I do. Because it’s fresh. ①What do you think of pop music? It’s wonderful.

②What is your favorite sport? Swimming./ Table tennis. ③Can you sing an English song? Yes, I can.

④What sports do you like best? Football.

⑤Where will the 2008 Olympic Games be held? In Beijing.

1、Can you play basketball? 2、How often do you do exercise? 话题:Sports and health (体育与健康)

(1) Do you have sports every day?

(2) What is your favorite sport?

(3) Who is the best football player in your class?

(4) Do you like ball games? Why?

14、天气(Weather)

(2) Do you like rainy day? Yes, I do.

(3) How many seasons are there in a year? Four seasons.

(4) What’s your favorite season/Why? Spring.Because it’s warm and all the trees turn green.

①is it fine today? Yes, it is.

②What’s the weather like here in spring? It’s often rainy.

③What sports do you usually do in sunmer? I often go swimming. ④Does it often snow here in winter? Yes, it does.

⑤How can you know the weather? By watching weather forecast./By listening to the radio

⑥What’s the weather like today? /How’s the weather today

It’s sunny. /rainy./ cloudy./ hot/ cool.

1、What’s your favorite weather? 2、What was the weather like yesterday? 话题:Weather (天气)

( 1 ) Is it cold today?

( 2 ) What’s the weather like here in spring?

( 3 ) Which is your favorite season?

( 4 ) Do you like rainy days? Why?

15、旅游和交通(Travel and transport)

(1) DO you like traveling by train or by bus? I like traveling by train./ by bus.

(2) Where have you ever been to? Beijing, Shanghai, Hongkong

(3) How did you get to By train./ By car./ By air./ By plane.

(4) Did you take a lot of photos? Yes, I did.

(5) What do you need to take with you when you go traveling? Money, camera and suitcase

(6) Where do you want to travel to this year? Why? I want to travel to Hongkong. Because I want to go to the Disneyland.

1、Have you ever been to the Great Wall? 2、Have you ever been to another country? (WORDS:walk, take buses, by train, by boat, by plane/ maps, camera, umbrellas) 话题:Travel and transport (旅游和交通)

(1) Do you usually go to school by bus?

(2) Have you ever been to Beijing?

(3) Which is faster, by plane or by bus?

(4) Where do you want to visit if you’re free? Why?

2012广东省听说考试学生训练必备材料(5)

16、语言学习(Language learning)

(1) Do you like learning English? Yes, I do.

(2) How long have you learned English? Five/ Four/ Three years.

(3) Do you find it difficult to learn English? Yes, I do.

(4) Do you have a foreign teacher in your school? Yes, we do.

(5) Have you ever talked with a foreigner? Yes, I have.

(6) How do you learn English? By reading aloud./ By listening to the radio./ By watching videos.

话题:Language learning (语言学习)

(1) Is it easy for you to learn English?

(2) Who is your English teacher?

(3) How to study English well?

(4) Do you like Chinese? Why?

17、自然(Nature)

(1) Is there a garden in your school? Yes, there is.

(2) What can you see in a garden? I can see flowers and grass.

(3) How often do you go to the zoo? Once a year.

(4) What’s your favorite animal? Cats.

Why do you like the animal? Because they are cute and lovely.

(5) Do you think it’s good to keep the animals in the zoo? Why or why not?

No, I don’t think so. Because the animals are not free and they

(WORDS:trees, bushes, grass, flowers/ dogs, cats, tigers, lions, sheep, endangered animals, pets, zoo)

话题:Nature (自然)

(1) Do you love the nature?

(2) Have you ever been to seaside?

(3) Which is bigger, the sun or the moon?

(4) Where is the most beautiful place in our country? Why?

18、世界和环境(The world and the environment)

(1) Can you tell me five countries in the world? China, Great Britain, the USA, Canada, Japan

(2) Which country do you want to travel to? Canada.

(3) Do you like living in Changsha? Yes, I do.

(4) What do you think of Changsha? It’s clean and beautiful./It’s a little crowded.

(WORDS:countrles:China, Great Britain, the United States, Australia, Canada, Japan, Russia, India Egypt/ clean, Dirty, crowed, polluted.)

话题:The world and the environment(世界与环境)

(1) Do you like snow?

(2) What did you do when it snowed last winter?

(3) What can we do to make our city nice and clean?

(4) Do you think our environment is it better now? Why?

2012广东省听说考试学生训练必备材料(6)

19、科普知识与现代技术(Popular science ai d modern technology)

(1) Do you have a computer? Yes, I do.

(2) How often do you surf the Intemet? Twice/ Once a week.

(3) What can you get from the Internet? Some information and news.

(4) Do you think students should be allowed to play computer games? Why or why not?

Yes, I think so. Because we can learn somethink new from the internet.

话题:Popular science and modern technology (科普知识与现代技术)

(1) Do you like science?(2) Have you got a computer?

(3) Where do you have your IT class?(4) Do you think that internet is helpful? Why?

20.口语考试中的难点问题

1—1)What do you think ofyour school(1ife)?It’s great

2)What do you think of our environment?

It’s not so good.

3)What do you think of your parents/teachers?They’re great[

4)What do you often do when it’S hot in summer?

I often go swimming.

5)Whatdoyouoftendo onNewYear’SDay?

I often play with my family members.

6)What do you usually do when you’re flee?

I do some reading/shopping.

7)What do you want to be when you grow up?A teacher

8)What time do you usually have sports?After school:

9)What can we do to improve our environment?

We can plant some trees,protect our rivers and lakes and take buses instead of cars.

10) What’S your hobbv/your favorite food?

P1aying socoer/Beef

11) What’S the weather like here in wimer?It’S cold。

What’s the weather like today

It’s cloudy/suuny/rainy…

12)what can we do with computer?

We can play card games or see movies.

13)What do you have for lunch?Rice and chicken.

14)What would you do if you had one million dollers

I Would give some to charity

2-1)How often do you go to the park? Once a week.

2)How much are your glasses/shoes? 50yuan.

3)How are you getting on with your classmates? Very well.

4)How do you make your dream come true?

I’11 study hard./By studying hard。

5)How do you like Changsha?I like it very much.

6)H0w many seasons are there in a year?Four.

What are they? They’re spring,summer, autumn and winter.

7)How do you keep healthy?

I do sports and eat lots of vegetables.

8)How do you usually go to school? On foot/By bus.

9)How do you spend your free time?

I play basketball./watch TV./sleep.

3-1)When iS your birthday? My birthday is January 7th.

2)Where were you born? In Changsha.

3)When is Children’S Day?June 1st.

4)Who is your best friend? Li Jun is.

4-1)Can you name five countries?

Yes.Japan,Canada,Australia,the USA and India.

广东高考听说考试复述故事备考策略与训练

Part C Retelling the Story 复述故事 备考策略与训练

一、考试目标

本题型的故事体裁一般为叙事和简单的夹叙夹议文章,长度在250个单词左右。故事内容往往比较贴近生活,包括学校生活、家庭生活、人际交往等。文章结构比较完整,易于通过听来理解内容,并进行口头表述。

(一) 宏观应试目标:复述故事对听说方面的能力较模仿朗读、角色扮演题型有更高的要求。除了要达到前两个题型的基本要求之外,复述故事更加

强调对篇章的整体性理解和把握,同时考查能否恰当地运用自己的语言组织要点信息,并正确而连贯表达的能力。

新课标和高考大纲对该题型的相应要求除了“能听懂有关熟悉话题的讨论和谈话并记住要点”外,还有以下三个主要的要求:1.使用适当的语言形式进行描述和表达观点、态度、情感等;2.学习、掌握基本语篇知识并根据特定目的有效地组织信息;3.在学习中借助图表等非语言信息进行理解或表达。

(二) 微观能力目标:具体而言,同学们要具备:1.宏观获取篇章脉络的能力;2.组织要点的能力;3.连贯表达的能力;4.正确使用语法、词汇的能力。

二、备考策略

(一) 听取故事时,要注意:1.宏观把握,注意开头句;2.记录关键词。

(二) 复述故事时,要注意:1.明确复述时使用的人称或称谓;2.代词he、she要弄清,正确使用单复数、时态、句子转承时的连词;3.复述要连贯,不

要连续重复某个词或某句话。

(三) 常规训练建议:1.课堂上大胆发言,把握一切可以锻炼英语口语的机会提高口头表达能力;2.充分利用课堂教学素材,选取故事性较强的文章或段落进行复述训练;3.有意识地培养速记的能力,积累丰富有效的速记符号;4.礼用旧题型的听力材料,进行听说训练。忽略旧题型的选项部分,一边听一边记录要点,训练听取大意、获取要点以及已记录要点的能力,同时用自己的语言进行复述,强化故事复述能力的培养。

第二部分

2012广东省听说考试学生训练必备材料(1)

1、个人情况(personal information)

(1)When were you born? I was born in May./June/march

(2)Where were you born? I was born in Changsha.

(3)Where do you live? I live in Changsha.

(4)Which class are you in? I am in Class 11/13.

1.What do you think of yourself? 2. Do you think you are able to take care of yourself? ( 1 ) How old are you?

( 2 ) Do you enjoy your school life?

( 3 ) When do you get up every day?

( 4 ) Are you interested in English? Why?

话题:Personal information(个人情况)

( 1 ) Are you a happy boy/girl?

( 2 ) How old are you?

( 3 ) How many people are there in your family?

( 4 ) Do you love your family? Why?

2.学校生活(School life)

(1) Do you think you are a good student? Yes, I think so.

(2) Are you interested in English? Yes, I am.

(3) How many subjects do you have? Seven.

(4) Do you like your school? Why? Yes, I do. Because it’s the best.

①How many days do you go to school every week? Five.

②Can you tell me five subjects you study at school? English, Chinese, maths, history, P.E. ③Which is more popular in your school, football or basketball? Football/Basketball. ④Do you have a lot of homework to do everyday? Yes, I do./No, Idon’t

⑤Can you say something about your class? Yes. My class is a good one.

All my classmates are very friendly.

话题:School life(学校生活)

( 1 ) Do you go to school every day?

( 2 ) When do you usually get to school?

( 3 ) What do you usually do after school?

( 4 ) Do you like your school? Why?

3、家庭、朋友与周围的人(Family, friends and people around)

(1) Do you love your family? Yes, I do.

(2) How many people are there in your family? There.

(3) What does your father do? He is a teacher. /a driver./an officer.

(4) Do you have many friends? Yes, I do.

(5) Who is your best friend? _____________.

What do you often do when you get together? We often play football./chat with each other.

(1) Are you happy at home? Why? Yes, I am. Because I love my family.

(2) Do you prefer big families or small families? Small families./Big families.

(3) Could you tell me something about your family? My family is a big one.

(WORES:grandparents, parents, brother, sister, aunt, uncle, schoolmate, classmate, teacher etc.)

话题:Family, friends and people around(家庭、朋友与周围的人)

( 1 ) Is your mother a doctor?

( 2 ) How old is your father?

( 3 ) What do you often do when you stay at home?

( 4 ) Do you love your family? Why?

4、日常活动(Daily routines)

(1) Are you busy these days? Yes, I am.

(2) Do you have classes from Monday to Friday? Yes, I do.

(3) How do you usually go to school? By bus./ On foot./By bike.

(4) Where do you have your lunch? At home./ At school.

(5) How do you spend your free time? I watch TV./Play games./ play basketball. ①What time do you usually go to school in the morning? At:7:00

②Is your school for from your home? Yes, it is./No, it isn’t

③What do you usually do on Sundays? I do some sports./I have a good rest.

④What do you do in the morning? I do morning exercises./I have breakfast.

1、Do you do exercise every day? 2、What time do you usually get up?

3、What do you usually do after school? 4、What time do you go to bed?

5、When do you usually have supper? 6、How far is it from your home to your school?

7、Do you watch TV every day? 8、How do you get to school?

话题:Daily routines(日常活动)

( 1 ) Do you play basketball every day?

( 2 ) What time do you usually get up?

( 3 ) What do you usually do after supper?

( 4 ) Do you like watching TV? Why?

5、周围的环境(personal environments)

(1) Is there a supermarket near here? Yes, there is.

(2) Where did you buy your schoolbag? In the supermarket.

(3) How much is your bag? 50 yuan.

(4) DO you like the bag? Why? Yes, I do.

①Where is your hometown? Changsha.

②Is there any river near your home? Yes, there is.

③Do you live in the city or in the country? In the city.

④Which do you prefer, living in the city or living in the country? Why?

I prefer living in the country. Because the country is quite and the air is fresh.

话题:Personal environments(周围的环境)

(1)Is there a river near your home?

(2)How often do you clean your classroom?

(3)What can we do to keep our school nice and clean?

(4)Do you think Changsha is a beautiful city? Why?

2012广东省听说考试学生训练必备材料(2)

6、兴趣与爱好

(1) Do you like playing football? Yes, I do.

(2) Are you interested in watching TV? Yes, I am.

(3) What is your favorite color? Red./Blue.

(4) Which subject do you like best? English./Maths./P.E.

(5) What do you usually do in your free time? I watch. TV

①DO you like sports? Yes, I do.

②Do you have much time on sports? Yes, I do.

③What is the most popular sport in China? Table tennis.

④When will the next Olympic Games be held in Beijing? In 2008.

⑤How do you spend your free time? I listen to music./read some books.

1、What kind of music do you like? 2、Do you like pop singers/music?

3、What kind of singers do you like best? 4、What kind of movies do you like?

5、Do you like watching TV? Why or why not?

(WORDS:music, dance, do sports, computer games, collect stamps, collect coins, collect dolls, read books, newspapers, comics, listen to radio, watch TV, have parties, go for picnics)

话题:Interests and hobbies (兴趣与爱好)

(1)Do you like playing basketball?

(2)Who is the best basketball player in your class?

(3)What’s your hobby?

(4)Is playing computer games too much good or bad? Why?

7、个人感情(Emotions)

(1) Are you happy today? Yes, I am.

(2) Do you like pop music? Yes, I do.

(3) Who is the most popular teacher in your school? Miss-.Mr-.

(4) Will you get angry if your friend hit you? Why?

No. I won’t. Because I think friendship is the most important.

(WORDS:Happy, sad, angry, upset, pleased, proud, lonely, worried, nervous, afraid, smile cry)

话题:Emotions (个人感情)

( 1 ) Are you happy today?

( 2 ) How are you getting on with your family members?

( 3 ) Who is your favorite teacher?

( 4 ) Do you love your father? Why?

8、人际关系(Interpersonal relationships)

(1) Do you have any brothers or sisters? Yes, I do.

(2) Who do you usually ask for help? My friends./My mother./My sister.

(3) Do you have any good friends? Yes, I do.

(4) Are you getting on well with your friends? Yes, I am.

(5) Can you say something about your best friend? My best friend is … He is tall.

话题:Interpersonal relationships (人际关系)

( 1 ) Do you have any friends?

( 2 ) Who is your best friend?

( 3 ) What do you often do when you’re with your friends?

( 4 ) Can your parents be your friends? Why?

2012广东省听说考试学生训练必备材料(3)

9、计划与愿望(Plans and intentions)

(1) What are you going to be when you grow up? I want to be a teacher/a doctor/ an actor.

(2) How are you going to do that? I will study hard/take acting lessons.

(3) What are you doing for summer vacation? I am going camping/ I am going to visit Shanghai.

(4) Where would you like to spend your holiday? Why?

I would like to go to Hainan. Because it’s beautiful and I can swim in the sea.

(5) What would you do if you had a million dollars? I would give it to the poor/ charity.

话题:Plans and intentions (计划与愿望)

(1 ) Are you going to play football this afternoon?

( 2 ) Where are you going to study next year?

( 3 ) What do you want to be when you grow up?

( 4 ) Are you going to visit Beijing someday? Why?

10、节假日活动(Festivals,holidays and celebrations)

(2) What are you going to do on May Day? Go shopping./Go traveling.

(3) Do you go to school on Saturday? Yes, I do.

(4) What do you often do on Sundays? Play games./Have a good rest.

(5) When is Children’s day? It’s June the first.

①Can you tell me three traditional festivals in China? Spring Festival, Mid-autumn Day

Dragon boat festival.

②What’s your favorite English festival? Christmas./Thanks-giving Day. ③ What food do Chinese people often have in Spring Festival? Dumplings.

④Do you like Mid-autumn Day? Why? Yes, I do. Yes, I do. Because my family can get together enjoy the mooncakes.

1、What’s your favorite festival in China? 2、When is National Day?/May Day? 话题:Festivals, holidays and celebrations(节假日活动)

(1) Do you do some housework on Sunday?

(2) When is Christmas Day?

(3) What do you often do during Spring Festival ?

(4) Do you like New Year’s Day? Why?

11、购物(Shopping)

(1) Do you like going shopping? Yes, I do.

(2) Who do you usually go shopping with? My friends./My mother.

(3) Where do you buy your school things? In the supermarkes.

(4) How much do you spend on the school things every term? 100 yuan.

(5) How often do you go shopping? Once a week.

话题:Shopping (购物)

(1) Do you often go shopping? 2) Where did you buy your school things?

(3) How much is your backpack?(4) Do you like supermarket? Why?

12、饮食(Food and drink)

(1) Do you have your breakfast at home? Yes, I do.

(2) Who cooks the meals in your family? My mother.

(3) Do you often have something to drink when you have a big meal? Yes, I do.

(4) What is your favorite food? Why? Fish Because it’s delicious. ①How many meals do you have every day? Three.

②What do you like for breakfast? Bread and milk./ Noodles.

③Where do you usually have lunch? At school./At home.

④Do you often cook at home? Yes, I do.

⑤What food do you like and what do you dislike? I like fish but I don’t like meat.

1、What’s your favorite drink? 2、Who cooks for you?

3、Do you know how to cook? 4、What do you think of junk food?

5、What do you think of vegetables? 6、What do you have for lunch?

(WORDS:beef, chicken, pork, fish, chicken, tofu, vegetable, rice, bread, noodles, cake,/drinks, milk, water, juice, soft drink, coke,/ fast foods sandwiches, noodles, dumplings, hot dogs, hamburgers, chips.)

话题:Food and drink (饮食)

( 1 ) How many meals do you have every day?

( 2 ) Who cooks the meals in your family?

( 3 ) Is there a fast food restaurant near your home?

( 4 ) Do you like fast food? Why?

2012广东省听说考试学生训练必备材料(4)

13、体育与健康(Sports and Health)

(1) Do you have breakfast every day? Yes, I do.

(2) Is smoking good or bad for your health? It’s bad for my health.

(3) What is your favorite good? Fruit./Vegetables.

(4) Do you have fruit every day? Why? Yes, I do. Because it’s fresh. ①What do you think of pop music? It’s wonderful.

②What is your favorite sport? Swimming./ Table tennis.

③Can you sing an English song? Yes, I can.

④What sports do you like best? Football.

⑤Where will the 2008 Olympic Games be held? In Beijing.

1、Can you play basketball? 2、How often do you do exercise? 话题:Sports and health (体育与健康)

(1) Do you have sports every day?

(2) What is your favorite sport?

(3) Who is the best football player in your class?

(4) Do you like ball games? Why?

14、天气(Weather)

(2) Do you like rainy day? Yes, I do.

(3) How many seasons are there in a year? Four seasons.

(4) What’s your favorite season/Why? Spring.Because it’s warm and all the trees turn green.

①is it fine today? Yes, it is.

②What’s the weather like here in spring? It’s often rainy.

③What sports do you usually do in sunmer? I often go swimming.

④Does it often snow here in winter? Yes, it does.

⑤How can you know the weather? By watching weather forecast./By listening to the radio

⑥What’s the weather like today? /How’s the weather today

It’s sunny. /rainy./ cloudy./ hot/ cool.

1、What’s your favorite weather? 2、What was the weather like yesterday? 话题:Weather (天气)

( 1 ) Is it cold today?

( 2 ) What’s the weather like here in spring?

( 3 ) Which is your favorite season?

( 4 ) Do you like rainy days? Why?

15、旅游和交通(Travel and transport)

(1) DO you like traveling by train or by bus? I like traveling by train./ by bus.

(2) Where have you ever been to? Beijing, Shanghai, Hongkong

(3) How did you get to By train./ By car./ By air./ By plane.

(4) Did you take a lot of photos? Yes, I did.

(5) What do you need to take with you when you go traveling? Money, camera and suitcase

(6) Where do you want to travel to this year? Why? I want to travel to Hongkong. Because I want to go to the Disneyland.

1、Have you ever been to the Great Wall? 2、Have you ever been to another country? (WORDS:walk, take buses, by train, by boat, by plane/ maps, camera, umbrellas) 话题:Travel and transport (旅游和交通)

(1) Do you usually go to school by bus?

(2) Have you ever been to Beijing?

(3) Which is faster, by plane or by bus?

(4) Where do you want to visit if you’re free? Why?

2012广东省听说考试学生训练必备材料(5)

16、语言学习(Language learning)

(1) Do you like learning English? Yes, I do.

(2) How long have you learned English? Five/ Four/ Three years.

(3) Do you find it difficult to learn English? Yes, I do.

(4) Do you have a foreign teacher in your school? Yes, we do.

(5) Have you ever talked with a foreigner? Yes, I have.

(6) How do you learn English? By reading aloud./ By listening to the radio./ By watching videos.

话题:Language learning (语言学习)

(1) Is it easy for you to learn English?

(2) Who is your English teacher?

(3) How to study English well?

(4) Do you like Chinese? Why?

17、自然(Nature)

(1) Is there a garden in your school? Yes, there is.

(2) What can you see in a garden? I can see flowers and grass.

(3) How often do you go to the zoo? Once a year.

(4) What’s your favorite animal? Cats.

Why do you like the animal? Because they are cute and lovely.

(5) Do you think it’s good to keep the animals in the zoo? Why or why not? No, I don’t think so. Because the animals are not free and they

(WORDS:trees, bushes, grass, flowers/ dogs, cats, tigers, lions, sheep, endangered animals, pets, zoo)

话题:Nature (自然)

(1) Do you love the nature?

(2) Have you ever been to seaside?

(3) Which is bigger, the sun or the moon?

(4) Where is the most beautiful place in our country? Why?

18、世界和环境(The world and the environment)

(1) Can you tell me five countries in the world? China, Great Britain, the USA, Canada, Japan

(2) Which country do you want to travel to? Canada.

(3) Do you like living in Changsha? Yes, I do.

(4) What do you think of Changsha? It’s clean and beautiful./It’s a little crowded.

(WORDS:countrles:China, Great Britain, the United States, Australia, Canada, Japan, Russia, India Egypt/ clean, Dirty, crowed, polluted.)

话题:The world and the environment(世界与环境)

(1) Do you like snow?

(2) What did you do when it snowed last winter?

(3) What can we do to make our city nice and clean?

(4) Do you think our environment is it better now? Why?

2012广东省听说考试学生训练必备材料(6)

19、科普知识与现代技术(Popular science ai d modern technology)

(1) Do you have a computer? Yes, I do.

(2) How often do you surf the Intemet? Twice/ Once a week.

(3) What can you get from the Internet? Some information and news.

(4) Do you think students should be allowed to play computer games? Why or why not?

Yes, I think so. Because we can learn somethink new from the internet.

话题:Popular science and modern technology (科普知识与现代技术)

(1) Do you like science?(2) Have you got a computer?

(3) Where do you have your IT class?(4) Do you think that internet is helpful? Why?

20.口语考试中的难点问题

1—1)What do you think ofyour school(1ife)?It’s great

2)What do you think of our environment?

It’s not so good.

3)What do you think of your parents/teachers?They’re great[

4)What do you often do when it’S hot in summer?

I often go swimming.

5)What do you often do onNewYear’SDay?

I often play with my family members.

6)What do you usually do when you’re flee?

I do some reading/shopping.

7)What do you want to be when you grow up?A teacher

8)What time do you usually have sports?After school:

9)What can we do to improve our environment?

We can plant some trees,protect our rivers and lakes and take buses

instead of cars.

10) What’S your hobbv/your favorite food?

P1aying socoer/Beef

11) What’S the weather like here in wimer?It’S cold。

What’s the weather like today

It’s cloudy/suuny/rainy…

12)what can we do with computer?

We can play card games or see movies.

13)What do you have for lunch?Rice and chicken.

14)What would you do if you had one million dollers I Would give some to charity

2-1)How often do you go to the park? Once a week.

2)How much are your glasses/shoes? 50yuan.

3)How are you getting on with your classmates? Very well.

4)How do you make your dream come true?

I’11 study hard./By studying hard。

5)How do you like Changsha?I like it very much.

6)H0w many seasons are there in a year?Four.

What are they? They’re spring,summer, autumn and winter.

7)How do you keep healthy?

I do sports and eat lots of vegetables.

8)How do you usually go to school? On foot/By bus.

9)How do you spend your free time?

I play basketball./watch TV./sleep.

3-1)When iS your birthday? My birthday is January 7th.

2)Where were you born? In Changsha.

3)When is Children’S Day?June 1st.

4)Who is your best friend? Li Jun is.

4-1)Can you name five countries?

Yes.Japan,Canada,Australia,the USA and India.

年高考广东省听说考试学生训练必备材料

资料所含全部内容:

(一)2011年广东高考英语听说考试题型分析及备考策略并附有考试说明

(二)2011年广东省听说考试学生训练必备材料共19个话题项目及口语考试中的难点问题 ,希望对师生有所帮助

1、个人情况(personal information)

2.学校生活(School life)

3、家庭、朋友与周围的人(Family, friends and people around)

4、日常活动(Daily routines)

5、周围的环境(personal environments)

6、兴趣与爱好

7、个人感情(Emotions)

(5) 人际关系(Interpersonal relationships)

9、计划与愿望(Plans and intentions)

10、节假日活动(Festivals,holidays and celebrations)

11、购物(Shopping)

12、饮食(Food and drink)

13、体育与健康(Sports and Health)

14、天气(Weather)

15、旅游和交通(Travel and transport)

16、语言学习(Language learning)

17、自然(Nature)

18、世界和环境(The world and the environment)

19、科普知识与现代技术(Popular science ai d modern technology)

口语考试中的难点问题

(三)中译英精选句子 (四)精选英语学习论调十段——请用流利的英语去鼓励别人

(五)英语吵架必备100句

2011年广东高考英语听说考试题型分析及备考策略

Part A Reading Aloud 模仿朗读

一、示例 In this part,you will watch a video clip andread after the speaker in the video.

1.Listen and watch the video. (视频.音频和文字同时呈现)

Dogs have long been Man’s best friends.As long ago as 1500 B.C., when Man began to write down his history,he left records in words and pictures that told about his dog.In Ethiopia,people thought the dog was so valuable that they actually elected him their King.And in Egypt,about a thousand years later,the Egyptians made the dog one of their gods! A11 through Greek and

Roman history, the dog is mentioned as Man’s hunter,shepherd, watchdog, or warrior.There are pictures of the dog in the tombs of the ancient kings of Egypt,in the ruins of Pompeii, and on the pottery of American Indians.

2.Now you have one minute to practise reading.(文字复现)

3.Now listen to the passage once again and try to read after the speaker.

(录音和文字同时复现)

4.Now read aloud the passage in 1.5 minutes when you hear the sign“dii…”.

(看文字朗读)

二、考试目标

本题型的话题范围多元化,涉及自然、地理、历史、人文、文学与艺术、热点话题等方面的内容。文段长度在110个单词左右。文段中出现的超纲词一般不超过3个,且超纲词都是符合发音规律的词汇,可通过模仿来正确朗读。

(一)应试目标:对于该题型,新《英语课程标准》和《广东省高考英语考试大纲》皆有相应的语言和技能要求:1、能使用恰当的语调和节奏;2、在口头表达中逐步做到语音语调自然、得体、流畅。

(二)能力目标:具体而言,应对该题型,同学们必须培养以下的能力:1、正确的语音语调;2、识别语音语调特征的能力(包括识别词汇的轻重读、词汇

的连读、句子意群之间节奏的变化以及语调);3、模仿的能力。

三、备考策略

同学们必须在平时的英语学习中,加强模仿朗读,完善语音语调。必须逐个突破语音关,学会处理句子的语调、意群、停顿、爆破、连读以及流利性等口语基本技能,追求“洋腔洋调”。以下两种做法可供同学们参考:

1、影子跟读训练法:选取现行教材中的重点段落录音进行强化性的模仿。具体做法是:用迟于原录音1秒钟的速度跟读,保证在先听清原声的语音语调的基础上进行模仿,同时要紧跟朗读者的语速,力求语速上也达到原声的要求。模仿过程中,不仅要注意语调,还要特别注意原声对于句子意群、词汇轻重读的处理。

2、录音比较训练法:持之以恒,可以使得自己的语音语调达到质的飞跃。先听一遍标准朗读,不断模仿,力求语音、语调、节奏与原声一致;然后对自己的朗读进行录音;最后把自己朗读的录音与原声进行比较,琢磨出其中的差距。遵循“听一模仿一录音一比较”的步骤,多次重复,语音语调会越来越规范。

四、强化训练 (请使用配套光盘题型训练部分)

In this part, you will hear a short passage and read after the speaker in the record.

1.Listen to the passage.

Many musicians meet and form a band because they 1ike to write and play their own

music.They may start as a group of high-school students,for whom practising their music in someone’s house is the first step to fame.Sometimes they may play to

passers-by in the street or subway so that they can earn some extra money for themselves or to pay for their instruments.Later they may give performances in pubs or clubs,for which they are paid in cash.Of course they hope to make records in a studio and sell millions of copies to become millionaires !

2.Now you have one minute to practise reading.

3.Now listen to the passage once again and try to read after the speaker.

4.Now read aloud the passage in 1.5 minutes when you hear the sign“dii…”.

Part B Role Play 角色扮演

一、示例 In this part you will act as a role and complete three communicative tasks:listen to the speaker.ask the speaker three questions and then answer five questions. 情景提示:

角色:你是电视访谈节目的现场观众。

任务:(1)在现场参与节目并向嘉宾提问;

(2)就所得信息回答你朋友的提问。

生词:deadline完成期限

1.Now please Iisten to the speaker.(音频呈现)

M:Hi,Miss Rowling,how old were you when you started to write?And what was your first book? W:I wrote my first finished story when I was about six.It was about a small animal, a rabbit, I mean.And I’ve been writing ever since.

M:Why did you choose to be an author?

W:If someone asked me how to achieve happiness.step one would be finding out what you love doing most.Step two would be finding someone to pay you to do this.I consider myself very lucky indeed to be able to support myself by writing.

M:Do you have any plans to write books for adults?

W:My first two novels—which I never tried to get published—were for adults.I suppose I might write another one.But I never really imagine what kind of readers to aim at when I’m writing.The ideas come first.So it really depends on the ideas that come to my mind.

M:Now,could you answer a few questions from the audience?

W:I’d love to.Please.

2.Please get ready to ask three questions in English according to the following Chinese tips.(准备时间为每题5秒钟,提问时间10秒钟)

1) Please get ready to ask the first question in English.

中文呈现:你写一本书要花多长时间?

学生提问:(How long does it take you to write a book?)

录音回答:Mylastbook—the chirdintheHarry series—took about a year to write,which iS pretty fast for me.If I manage to finish the fourth Harry book by the summer, which iS my deadline.it will be my fastest yet—about eight months.

2) Please get ready to ask the second question in English.

中文呈现:《哈利·波特》这本书的构思从哪里来?

学生提问:(Where did the ideas for the book Harry Potter come from?)

录音回答:I’ve no ideas where the ideas came from.And I hope I’11 never find out.For me,finding this out means spoiling my excitement.

3) Please get ready to ask the following question in English.

中文呈现:你是如何给你书中的人物取名的?

学生提问:(How did you come up with the names ofthe characters ofyour book?)

录音回答:I invented some of them.But I also collected strange names.I’ve got names from ancient people,maps,dictionaries.plants and people I met.

3.Please get ready to answer five questions in English.(准备时间为每题5秒钟,答题时间10秒钟)

1) Please get ready to answer the first question.

录音问:What was Miss Rowling’s first book about?

学生答:(It was about a small animal,a rabbit.)

2) Please get ready to answer the second question.

录音问:According to Miss Rowling,what would be step one to achieve happiness? 学生答:(It would be finding out what you love doing most.)

3) Please get ready to answer the third question.

录音问:How long did it take Miss Rowling to write the third book in the Harry series? 学生答:(It took her about a year to write it.)

4) Please get ready to answer the fourth question.

录音问:Miss Rowling doesn’t know where her ideas for the book canle from exactly,does she?

学生答:(No,she doesn’t.)

5) Please get ready to answer the fifth question.

录音问:Besides ancient people and maps,where else has Miss Rowling got names for the characters in her book?

学生答:(She has also got names from dictionaries,plants and people she met.)

二、考试目标

角色扮演部分的话题范围一般界定在《广东省普通高考英语科考试说明》附录5话题项目表以内,贴近学生的实际生活,即涉及到个人情况、周围环

境、日常活动、学校生活、兴趣和爱好等的方面的内容.语言材料大部分以对话形式出现,

但也可能是独白,题目中有简短的情景提示。语言材料长度一般在280个单词左右(包括提问部分的人机对话内容)。

(一) 应试目标:新课标及高考大纲对该题型相应的考察目标主要有以下几点:1.能听懂有关熟悉话题的讨论和谈话并记住要点;2.能抓住简单语段中的观点;3.能在日常人际交往中有效地使用语言进行表达,如发表意见、进行判断、责备、投诉等;4.询问或传递事实性信息,表达意思和想法;5.根据语音辨别和书写不太熟悉的单词或简单语句。

(二) 能力目标:具体而言,同学们应培养:1.宏观了解长段话语,建立语境的能力;

2.听懂重要细节的能力(人物、事物、行为、时间、对象、数字等信息以及信息之间的联系);

3.口头索取信息的能力;4.正确理解问题的能力;5.口头传达信息的能力;6.一定的要点记忆能力。

三、备考策略

本题信息来源于考生所观看的有声录像及电脑对三个问题的回答。同学们要重点记录这两部分的重要信息。

(一) 提问部分备考策略:提问部分侧重考查正确使用语言的能力。提问时,要注意确定用一般疑问句还是特殊疑问句,注意正确使用疑问词。

例l:住学校宿舍是否较便宜?

Is it cheaper to live in the school dormitory?

例2:天气如何?

What is the weather like?

例3:如何从学校到机场?

How can we get to the airport from the school?

例4:最近的地铁站在哪里?

Where is the nearest underground station from here?

(二) 回答部分备考策略:回答部分侧重考查正确传达信息的能力。回答时,要符合实际交际,问什么,答什么,不必多答,更不能答非所问。注意:可以

简略回答!

例l:—— How long does a letter take to reach Japan?

—— About ten days.

例2:—— What are they talking about?

—— Environmental problems.

(三) 注意事项:1.利用视频信息帮助理解;2.练习用最简洁的符号记录信息,例如字母、箭头、笔划、汉字、图形等;3.准备提问时,可简单写下问句,特别是疑问词.使得真正录音时能比较顺畅;4.第一轮提问后听回答时,作简单笔记,记录必要的信息点,如:数量、时间等;5.第二轮回答时,判断问题所涉及的信息点,根据所记,做出恰当回答。

四、强化训练题(请使用配套光盘题型训练部分)

In this part you will act as a role and complete three communicative tasks:listen to the speaker, ask the speaker three questions and then answer five questions.

情景提示

角色:你是Susan。

任务:(1)你和朋友Jim谈论他最近的旅行;

(2)向你的其他朋友介绍你了解的信息。

1.Now please listen to the speaker.

2.Please get ready to ask three questions in English according to the following Chinese tips. (准备时间为每题5秒钟,提问时间10秒钟)

1) Please get ready to ask the first question in English.

学生问:你参观了什么地方?

2) Please get ready to ask the second question in English.

学生问:有什么收获?

3) Please get ready to ask the third question in English.

学生问:你准备把你的收获写进新书吗?

3.PJease get ready to answer five questions in English.

(准备时间为每题5秒钟,答题时间10秒钟)

1) Please get ready to answer the first question.

学生答:

2) Please get ready to answer the second question.

学生答:

3) Please get ready to answer the third question.

学生答:

4) Please get ready to answer the fourth question.

学生答:

5) Please get ready to answer the fiml question.

学生答:

Part C Retelling the Story 复述故事

一、示例

你将听到一段故事,故事播两遍。听完故事后用自己的话复述故事。(注意不要背诵故事)

1.Listen to the story.(音频呈现两次)

A long time ago,there was a huge apple tree.A little boy loved to come and play around it every day.He loved the tree and the tree loved to play with him.

Time went by…The little boy had grown up and he no longer played around the tree.

0ne day,the boy came back to the tree and looked sad.“Come and play with me,” the tree

asked the boy.

“I am no longer a kid.I don’t play around trees arymore.”the boy replied.“I want toys.I need money to buy them.” “Sorry.but I don’t have money…but you can pick all my apples and sell them.” The boy was so excited.He picked all the apples on the tree and left happily.

One day,the boy returned and the tree.was so excited.But the boy said what he needed was a house for his family.So the tree offered a11 his branches to him to build a house.

One hot summer day the boy returned again,saying he needed a boat to go sailing.This time, he took the trunk of the tree away.

Finally,years later the boy retumed,old and tired.“Sorry, my boy.But I don’t have anything for you anymore,” the tree said with tears.“I just need place to rest.” the boy replied.“Good! Old tree roots are the best place to rest.Come and sit down with me.” The boy sat down and the tree was glad and smiled with tears...

2.Now retell the story.(准备时间10秒钟,复述时间120秒钟)

(A long time ago,there was a big apple tree and a boy.They loved to play with each

other.But when the boy grew up,he didn’t play with the tree anymore.One day, the boy came back to the tree.But he said what he needed was some money to buy toys.The tree loved the boy so much that he had the boy pick all his apples to sell for money.The boy didn’t return until he needed a house for his family.The devoted tree had him take away a11 his branches to build that house.The third time the boy returned,asking for a boat,the tree had him take away his trunk.Finally,when the

boy became old and tired,he came back for a place to rest.The tree offered the only thing left to him — the roots for the boy to sit,and smiled with tears be — cause the boy could finally stay with him.)

二、考试目标

本题型的故事体裁一般为叙事和简单的夹叙夹议文章,长度在250个单词左右。故事内容往往比较贴近生活,包括学校生活、家庭生活、人际交往等。文章结构比较完整,易于通过听来理解内容,并进行口头表述。

(一) 宏观应试目标:复述故事对听说方面的能力较模仿朗读、角色扮演题型有更高的要求。除了要达到前两个题型的基本要求之外,复述故事更加

强调对篇章的整体性理解和把握,同时考查能否恰当地运用自己的语言组织要点信息,并正确而连贯表达的能力。

新课标和高考大纲对该题型的相应要求除了“能听懂有关熟悉话题的讨论和谈话并记住要点”外,还有以下三个主要的要求:1.使用适当的语言形式进行描述和表达观点、态度、情感等;2.学习、掌握基本语篇知识并根据特定目的有效地组织信息;3.在学习中借助图表等非语言信息进行理解或表达。

(二) 微观能力目标:具体而言,同学们要具备:1.宏观获取篇章脉络的能力;2.组织要点的能力;3.连贯表达的能力;4.正确使用语法、词汇的能力。

三、备考策略

(一) 听取故事时,要注意:1.宏观把握,注意开头句;2.记录关键词。

(二) 复述故事时,要注意:1.明确复述时使用的人称或称谓;2.代词he、she要弄清,

正确使用单复数、时态、句子转承时的连词;3.复述要连贯,不

要连续重复某个词或某句话。

(三) 常规训练建议:1.课堂上大胆发言,把握一切可以锻炼英语口语的机会提高口头表达能力;2.充分利用课堂教学素材,选取故事性较强的文章或段落进行复述训练;3.有意识地培养速记的能力,积累丰富有效的速记符号;4.礼用旧题型的听力材料,进行听说训练。忽略旧题型的选项部分,一边听一边记录要点,训练听取大意、获取要点以及已记录要点的能力,同时用自己的语言进行复述,强化故事复述能力的培养。

四、强化训练题

(请使用配套光盘题型训练部分)

你将听到一段故事,故事播两遍。听完故事后用自己的话复述故事。(注意不要背诵故事)

1.Now listen to the story.

2.Now retell the story. (准备时间10秒钟,复述时间120秒钟)

广东省2011年普通高考“英语听说”考试要求

根据《广东省普通高校招生考试改革调整方案》,广东省普通高考英语科考试从2011年开始分别进行笔试与听说考试。其中,听说考试占英语科总分(满分150分)的10%。经反复测试和多方论证,制定广东省2011年普通高考“英语听说”考试要求。

一、考试范围与内容

根据普通高等学校对新生文化素质的要求,依据中华人民共和国教育部2003年颁布的《普通高中课程方案(实验)》和《普通高中英语课程标准(实验)》,确定“英语听说”考试的内容。

(一)语言知识

要求考生掌握并能运用英语语音、词汇、语法基础知识以及所学功能意念和话题(以每年颁布的考试大纲为依据),要求词汇量为3500个词左右。

(二)语言运用

听力要求考生听懂所熟悉话题的简短独白和对话。考生应能:

(1)理解主旨和要义;

(2)获取具体的、事实性信息;

(3)对所听内容作出推断;

(4)理解说话者的意图、观点和态度。

口语要求考生根据题示进行口头表达。考生应能:

(1)询问或传递事实性信息,表达意思和想法;

(2)做到语音、语调自然;

(3)做到语言运用得体;

(4)使用有效的交际策略。

二、考试形式

“英语听说”考试时间约30分钟。考试实行计算机辅助考试,试卷满分60分。

三、试卷结构和题型

“英语听说”考试内容、题量、计分和时间安排如下:

(满分60分)×0.25,四舍五入取整数计分。

四、题型说明

A节模仿朗读,要求考生观看一段大约一分钟的片断,然后考生开始模仿训练:先阅读文字稿,再对照文字稿听录音。完成训练之后考生开始模仿朗读:考生对照片断的字幕朗读,要求考生的语音、语调和语速尽可能与片断保持一致。

B节角色扮演,要求考生观看一段大约两分钟的片段,明确自己拟要扮演的角色以及要完成的任务。看完片段之后首先根据中文提示,准备20秒钟后用英语提出三个问题,计算机将回答考生的提问;然后计算机向考生提出五个问题,考生必须根据自己所听的内容(包括片段和计算机的回答两部分)回答问题,回答问题之前考生有10秒钟的准备时间。

C节故事复述,要求考生先听一段大约两分钟的独白,录音播放两遍。考生准备一分钟之后开始复述所听的内容。要求考生尽可能使用自己的语言复述,而且复述内容应涵盖尽可能多的原文信息点。选取的独白其体裁主要以记述文和议论文为主。

五、其他事项

“英语听说”考试中细节性问题(如评分标准等)将在2011年的学科考试说明中公布。 有关“英语听说”计算机辅助考试的考务要求另文通知。

2011年广东省听说考试学生训练必备材料(1)

1、个人情况(personal information)

(1)When were you born? I was born in May./June/march

(2)Where were you born? I was born in Changsha.

(3)Where do you live? I live in Changsha.

(4)Which class are you in? I am in Class 11/13.

1.What do you think of yourself? 2. Do you think you are able to take care of yourself?

Some children are flying kites near the river. The kites are very high and Peter can see them in the classroom.

Miss Black writes something on the blackboard and then turns to the class.

“Name nine things with milk in them, Peter,” says the teacher. The boy stands up and Miss Black asks him the question again. He thinks for some time and then says, “Yes, madam, tea, coffee, cake and…six cows.”

A: Hi, Kate! How are you today?

B: I’m fine. What about you?

A: Not very well

B: What’s wrong?

A: I have a sore throat.

B: Oh, that’s too bad. You should take some medicine.

A: Yes, I think so.

B: I hope you feel better soon.

( 1 ) How old are you?

( 2 ) Do you enjoy your school life?

( 3 ) When do you get up every day?

( 4 ) Are you interested in English? Why?

A

I am a businessman. I work very hard to support my family. Usually I’m very busy and have no time to stay with my family. But every year I have a long holiday. Then I can stay with my family. Last summer my family and I had a good rest. We went to a town near the sea. Every day we had a swim. When it rained, I did some reading or watched TV. We had a lot of seafood! We were there for half a month. We had a lot of fun.

B

A: Excuse me, do you come from England?

B: Yes.

A: How do you like China?

B: I like it very much.

A: What do you like about China?

B: The people — and the food!

A: Can you speak Chinese?

B: Only a little.

话题:Personal information(个人情况)

( 1 ) Are you a happy boy/girl?

( 2 ) How old are you?

( 3 ) How many people are there in your family?

( 4 ) Do you love your family? Why?

2.学校生活(School life)

(1) Do you think you are a good student? Yes, I think so.

(2) Are you interested in English? Yes, I am.

(3) How many subjects do you have? Seven.

(4) Do you like your school? Why? Yes, I do. Because it’s the best. ①How many days do you go to school every week? Five. ②Can you tell me five subjects you study at school? English, Chinese, maths, history, P.E. ③Which is more popular in your school, football or basketball? Football/Basketball. ④Do you have a lot of homework to do everyday? Yes, I do./No, Idon’t ⑤Can you say something about your class? Yes. My class is a good one. All my classmates are very friendly.

1、What do you think of your school life?

(WORDS:school building, classroom, office, library, washroom, grade, class, subject, teacher, classmate, schoolmate, cleaner, etc.) A

Mrs. White’s kitchen is small. There is a refrigerator in the kitchen. It is red. It is on the right. There is an electric cooker in the kitchen. The cooker is blue. It is on the left.

There is a table in the middle of the room. There are some flowers on the table.

The flowers are very beautiful. Mrs. White is sitting at the table. She is looking at the flowers and smiling. B

A: Where are you going to spend your holidays? B: We may go to Paris.

A: Will you travel by sea or by air? B: We may travel by sea. A: It’s cheaper, isn’t it?

B: Yes.

A: I’m sure you’ll enjoy yourselves. B: I think so.

话题:School life(学校生活)

( 1 ) Do you go to school every day? ( 2 ) When do you usually get to school? ( 3 ) What do you usually do after school? ( 4 ) Do you like your school? Why?

3、家庭、朋友与周围的人(Family, friends and people around) (1) Do you love your family? Yes, I do. (2) How many people are there in your family? There.

(3) What does your father do? He is a teacher. /a driver./an officer. (4) Do you have many friends? Yes, I do.

(5) Who is your best friend? _____________.

What do you often do when you get together? We often play football./chat with each other. (1) Are you happy at home? Why? Yes, I am. Because I love my family. (2) Do you prefer big families or small families? Small families./Big families. (3) Could you tell me something about your family? My family is a big one.

(WORES:grandparents, parents, brother, sister, aunt, uncle, schoolmate, classmate, teacher etc.) A

Last week Mrs. Black went to Changsha. She does not know Changsha very well, and she lost her way.

Suddenly, she saw a man near a bus stop. “I can ask him the way,” she said to herself. “Excuse me,” she said. “Can you tell me the way to Zhongshan Road, please?”

The man smiled pleasantly. He did not understand Chinese. He’s Japanese. He was a tourist! B

A: Shall I make some coffee? B: That’s a good idea. A: Do you want any milk? B: Just a little, please.

A: What about some sugar? B: That was very nice. A: Would you like some more? B: Yes, please.

话题:Family, friends and people around(家庭、朋友与周围的人)

( 1 ) Is your mother a doctor? ( 2 ) How old is your father?

( 3 ) What do you often do when you stay at home? ( 4 ) Do you love your family? Why?

4、日常活动(Daily routines)

(1) Are you busy these days? Yes, I am. (2) Do you have classes from Monday to Friday? Yes, I do.

(3) How do you usually go to school? By bus./ On foot./By bike. (4) Where do you have your lunch? At home./ At school.

(5) How do you spend your free time? I watch TV./Play games./ play basketball. ①What time do you usually go to school in the morning? At:7:00 ②Is your school for from your home? Yes, it is./No, it isn’t

③What do you usually do on Sundays? I do some sports./I have a good rest. ④What do you do in the morning? I do morning exercises./I have breakfast. 1、Do you do exercise every day? 2、What time do you usually get up? 3、What do you usually do after school? 4、What time do you go to bed?

5、When do you usually have supper? 6、How far is it from your home to your school?

7、Do you watch TV every day? 8、How do you get to school?

A

There is a car race near our town every year. In 2006, there was a very big race.

There were hundreds of people there. Mr. and Mrs. Green were at the race. Their friends Julie and Jack were there, too. You can see them in the crowd.

There were twenty cars in the race. There were English cars, French cars, German cars and so on. It was an exciting finish. The winner was Mrs. Green! B

A: Can I help you?

B: Yes, please. I want to buy a coat. A: Do you like this coat? B: Yes, but it’s too small. A: What about this one?

B: It’s very nice. How much? A: 80 dollars. B: OK. I’ll take it.

话题:Daily routines(日常活动)

( 1 ) Do you play basketball every day? ( 2 ) What time do you usually get up? ( 3 ) What do you usually do after supper? ( 4 ) Do you like watching TV? Why?

5、周围的环境(personal environments)

(1) Is there a supermarket near here? Yes, there is.

(2) Where did you buy your schoolbag? In the supermarket. (3) How much is your bag? 50 yuan. (4) DO you like the bag? Why? Yes, I do. ①Where is your hometown? Changsha. ②Is there any river near your home? Yes, there is. ③Do you live in the city or in the country? In the city.

④Which do you prefer, living in the city or living in the country? Why?

I prefer living in the country. Because the country is quite and the air is fresh. A

Mrs. Smith has a happy family.

In the morning, Mr. Smith goes to work and the children go to school. Their father takes them to school every day. Mrs. Smith stays at home. She does the housework. In the afternoon, she usually sees her friends. They often drink tea together. In the evening, the children and the husband come home, the family have supper together. After that, they watch TV. B

A: What’s the matter?

B: I fell downstairs.

A: Have you hurt yourself?

B: Yes, I think that I’ve hurt my leg. A: Can you stand up? B: I’m afraid that I can’t. A: OK. I’ll call the doctor for you.

B: Thank you.

话题:Personal environments(周围的环境)

(1)Is there a river near your home?

(2)How often do you clean your classroom?

(3)What can we do to keep our school nice and clean? (4)Do you think Changsha is a beautiful city? Why?

2011年广东省听说考试学生训练必备材料(2) 6、兴趣与爱好

(1) Do you like playing football? Yes, I do. (2) Are you interested in watching TV? Yes, I am. (3) What is your favorite color? Red./Blue.

(4) Which subject do you like best? English./Maths./P.E. (5) What do you usually do in your free time? I watch. TV ①DO you like sports? Yes, I do. ②Do you have much time on sports? Yes, I do. ③What is the most popular sport in China? Table tennis. ④When will the next Olympic Games be held in Beijing? In 2008.

⑤How do you spend your free time? I listen to music./read some books. 1、What kind of music do you like? 2、Do you like pop singers/music? 3、What kind of singers do you like best? 4、What kind of movies do you like? 5、Do you like watching TV? Why or why not?

(WORDS:music, dance, do sports, computer games, collect stamps, collect coins, collect dolls, read books, newspapers, comics, listen to radio, watch TV, have parties, go for picnics) A

It’s spring now. The trees in the park turn green. The flowers come out. People like going to park with their families or friends at this best time of the year. Today is a fine day. There are some clouds in the sky, but the sun is shining. Mr. Brown is with his family. They are walking in a park.

There is a lake in the park. There are some boats on the lake. Mr. Brown is going to rent a boat. He will have a good day with his family. B

A: Do you have any shoes like these? B: What size? A: Size five. B: What color? A: Black.

B: I’m sorry. We don’t have any.

A: Can you get a blue pair for me, please? B: I’m afraid that I can’t.

话题:Interests and hobbies (兴趣与爱好) (1)Do you like playing basketball?

(2)Who is the best basketball player in your class? (3)What’s your hobby?

(4)Is playing computer games too much good or bad? Why?

7、个人感情(Emotions)

(1) Are you happy today? Yes, I am. (2) Do you like pop music? Yes, I do. (3) Who is the most popular teacher in your school? Miss-.Mr-. (4) Will you get angry if your friend hit you? Why?

No. I won’t. Because I think friendship is the most important.

(WORDS:Happy, sad, angry, upset, pleased, proud, lonely, worried, nervous, afraid, smile cry) 8A

Mr. Williams’ living room is large. There is a television in the room. The television is near the window. There are some magazines on the television. There is a table in the room. There are some newspapers on the table. There are some chairs in the room. The chairs are near the table.

Mr. Williams is sitting in a chair. He is watching TV. Mrs. Williams is reading a story book. Their children are listening to her. B

A: Where is Kate? B: She’s in bed.

A: What’s the matter with her? B: She feels ill.

A: We must call the doctor. B: Yes, we must.

A: Can you remember the telephone number? B: Yes.

话题:Emotions (个人感情) ( 1 ) Are you happy today?

( 2 ) How are you getting on with your family members? ( 3 ) Who is your favorite teacher? ( 4 ) Do you love your father? Why?

8、人际关系(Interpersonal relationships)

(1) Do you have any brothers or sisters? Yes, I do.

(2) Who do you usually ask for help? My friends./My mother./My sister.

(3) Do you have any good friends? Yes, I do. (4) Are you getting on well with your friends? Yes, I am.

(5) Can you say something about your best friend? My best friend is … He is tall. He likes footaball and he is good at English.

Jim Green has a big family.

Jim’s grandfather and grandmother are in England.

His parents are in China. His father is Jeff Green and his mother is Helen Green. They have two children.

Jim is their son and Kate is their daughter. Jim is twelve and Kate is eight. Jim and I are good friends and we go to the same school in Changsha. B

A: Where do you come from? B: I come from England.

A: What’s the weather like in your country? B: It’s often cold in the north. A: Which season do you like best? B: Summer. A: Why?

B: The sun rises early and sets late.

话题:Interpersonal relationships (人际关系) ( 1 ) Do you have any friends? ( 2 ) Who is your best friend?

( 3 ) What do you often do when you’re with your friends? ( 4 ) Can your parents be your friends? Why?

2011年广东省听说考试学生训练必备材料(3) 9、计划与愿望(Plans and intentions)

(1) What are you going to be when you grow up? I want to be a teacher/a doctor/ an actor.

(2) How are you going to do that? I will study hard/take acting lessons.

(3) What are you doing for summer vacation? I am going camping/ I am going to visit Shanghai.

(4) Where would you like to spend your holiday? Why?

I would like to go to Hainan. Because it’s beautiful and I can swim in the sea. (6) What would you do if you had a million dollars? I would give it to the poor/ charity. A

Now it’s weather report for next 24 hours.

Most of North and South China will have a cold wet day. It will be cloudy at

times. There will be a strong wind to the north of the Huai River. The day after tomorrow will be sunny. In the Northeast it will be fine. The temperature will stay above zero in the daytime, but at night it will fall below zero again.

Beijing is cloudy. The temperature is …

B

A:Good afternoon! Can I help you? B:Yes, please. I want some tomatoes. A:How many do you want? B:Seven, please. A:OK. Here you are. B:How much are they? A:Three dollars. B: OK.

话题:Plans and intentions (计划与愿望)

(1 ) Are you going to play football this afternoon? ( 2 ) Where are you going to study next year? ( 3 ) What do you want to be when you grow up? ( 4 ) Are you going to visit Beijing someday? Why?

10、节假日活动(Festivals,holidays and celebrations)

(2) What are you going to do on May Day? Go shopping./Go traveling. (3) Do you go to school on Saturday? Yes, I do.

(4) What do you often do on Sundays? Play games./Have a good rest. (5) When is Children’s day? It’s June the first.

①Can you tell me three traditional festivals in China? Spring Festival, Mid-autumn Day

Dragon boat festival.

②What’s your favorite English festival? Christmas./Thanks-giving Day.

③ What food do Chinese people often have in Spring Festival? Dumplings. ④Do you like Mid-autumn Day? Why? Yes, I do. Yes, I do. Because my family can

Get together and enjoy the

mooncakes.

1、What’s your favorite festival in China? 2、When is National Day?/May Day? A

Every country had its favorite food. Italians like to eat pizza. Indians like to eat

hot food. Japanese like to eat fish. Often they dont cook it.In England, one of the most popular kinds of food is fish and chips. People usually buy it in a fish and chips shop. They put it in paper bags, and take it home, or to their workplace.

Bob is from Canada. He likes Chinese food. He thinks that Chinese food is the most delicious.

B

A: Do you like a cup of coffee? B: Yes, I do.

A: Do you want any sugar? B: Yes, please. A: With milk?

B: No, I don’t like milk in my coffee. A: Do you like cakes? B: Yes, please.

话题:Festivals, holidays and celebrations(节假日活动) (1) Do you do some housework on Sunday?

(2) When is Christmas Day? (3) What do you often do during Spring Festival ? (4) Do you like New Year’s Day? Why?

11、购物(Shopping)

(1) Do you like going shopping? Yes, I do.

(2) Who do you usually go shopping with? My friends./My mother. (3) Where do you buy your school things? In the supermarkes. (4) How much do you spend on the school things every term? 100 yuan. (5) How often do you go shopping? Once a week.

A

In England school is from Monday to Friday. Each lesson usually lasts for forty-five minutes. There is a break of about twenty minutes in the morning. During the break we can buy food from the school shop.

A lot of students have lunch at school. Lessons are over at about half past three in the afternoon and then there are usually a lot of different activities, for example, sports and music clubs. We can join our favorite clubs.

B

A:How do you usually go home for your holidays? B:We usually go by plane. A:Do you go by train? B:No, we dont. A:Why not?

B:It takes too much time.

A:How long does it take by plane?

B:About eleven hours.

话题:Shopping (购物) (1) Do you often go shopping?

(2) Where did you buy your school things? (3) How much is your backpack? (4) Do you like supermarket? Why?

12、饮食(Food and drink)

(1) Do you have your breakfast at home? Yes, I do. (2) Who cooks the meals in your family? My mother.

(3) Do you often have something to drink when you have a big meal? Yes, I do. (4) What is your favorite food? Why? Fish Because it’s delicious. ①How many meals do you have every day? Three.

②What do you like for breakfast? Bread and milk./ Noodles. ③Where do you usually have lunch? At school./At home. ④Do you often cook at home? Yes, I do.

⑤What food do you like and what do you dislike? I like fish but I don’t like meat. 1、What’s your favorite drink? 2、Who cooks for you? 3、Do you know how to cook? 4、What do you think of junk food?

5、What do you think of vegetables? 6、What do you have for lunch? (WORDS:beef, chicken, pork, fish, chicken, tofu, vegetable, rice, bread, noodles, cake,/drinks, milk, water, juice, soft drink, coke,/ fast foods sandwiches, noodles, dumplings, hot dogs, hamburgers, chips.)

A

Team games are much better than games you have to play by yourself. More people can play together, so you can play with your friends.

In order to win a team game, the players must work together. That can make it easy to be friends and can teach them how to care for other people.

Playing in team games gives you pride in your school or class. It is great to know

you have done a lot for your team in the game.

B

A: What color is your new dress? B: Look! It’s orange. A: It’s a nice dress. B: My hat is new, too. A: What color is it? B: It’s red.

A: How much is it? B: Fifteen dollars.

话题:Food and drink (饮食)

( 1 ) How many meals do you have every day? ( 2 ) Who cooks the meals in your family?

( 3 ) Is there a fast food restaurant near your home? ( 4 ) Do you like fast food? Why?

2011年广东省听说考试学生训练必备材料(4) 13、体育与健康(Sports and Health)

(1) Do you have breakfast every day? Yes, I do.

(2) Is smoking good or bad for your health? It’s bad for my health. (3) What is your favorite good? Fruit./Vegetables.

(4) Do you have fruit every day? Why? Yes, I do. Because it’s fresh. ①What do you think of pop music? It’s wonderful.

②What is your favorite sport? Swimming./ Table tennis. ③Can you sing an English song? Yes, I can. ④What sports do you like best? Football. ⑤Where will the 2008 Olympic Games be held? In Beijing.

1、Can you play basketball? 2、How often do you do exercise?

A

Mr. Smith works in a bookshop in the middle of the city. The shop is not far from his home. It is about one kilometer away. So Mr. Smith doesn’t go to work by bus. He usually goes there by bike. It takes him twenty minutes to get there.

Today Mr. Smith’s bike is broken. He has to walk there. It’s seven o’clock now. He is having his breakfast. His work starts at half past eight in the morning. So he must be quick.

B

A: Give me a book, please. B: Which book? A: The one on the desk. B: This one?

A: No, not that one, the blue one. B: Here you are. A: Thank you. B: You’re welcome.

话题:Sports and health (体育与健康) (1) Do you have sports every day? (2) What is your favorite sport?

(3) Who is the best football player in your class? (4) Do you like ball games? Why?

14、天气(Weather)

(2) Do you like rainy day? Yes, I do. (3) How many seasons are there in a year? Four seasons.

(4) What’s your favorite season/Why? Spring.Because it’s warm and all the trees turn green.

①is it fine today? Yes, it is.

②What’s the weather like here in spring? It’s often rainy. ③What sports do you usually do in sunmer? I often go swimming. ④Does it often snow here in winter? Yes, it does.

⑤How can you know the weather? By watching weather forecast./By listening to the radio

⑥What’s the weather like today? /How’s the weather today It’s sunny. /rainy./ cloudy./ hot/ cool.

1、What’s your favorite weather? 2、What was the weather like yesterday?

A

Hello, Everyone! I’m a happy boy. My name’s Alex. I live in Changsha, a city in Hunan China. I have two big black eyes, a small nose and a small mouth. My round face is like an apple. My hair is black.

I like light colors. I often wear clothes in light colors. I like little animals very much. I like playing the piano, and I can play the piano very well. I like English too. And I can sing many English songs.

B

A: Where’s Kate? B: She’s in the garden. A: What’s she doing? B: She’s reading a book.

A: Is her father in the garden, too? B: Yes.

A: What about her mother? B: She’s washing the clothes.

话题:Weather (天气) ( 1 ) Is it cold today?

( 2 ) What’s the weather like here in spring? ( 3 ) Which is your favorite season? ( 4 ) Do you like rainy days? Why?

15、旅游和交通(Travel and transport)

(1) DO you like traveling by train or by bus? I like traveling by train./ by bus.

(2) Where have you ever been to? Beijing, Shanghai, Hongkong

(3) How did you get to By train./ By car./ By air./ By plane.

(4) Did you take a lot of photos? Yes, I did.

(5) What do you need to take with you when you go traveling? Money, camera and suitcase

(6) Where do you want to travel to this year? Why? I want to travel to Hongkong.

Because I want to go to the Disneyland.

1、Have you ever been to the Great Wall? 2、Have you ever been to another country?

(WORDS:walk, take buses, by train, by boat, by plane/ maps, camera, umbrellas) A

I am a school girl. I live in a big city.

There is a zoo in our city. My parents often take me there on holidays.

I like animals. I have a lot of toy animals in my room. In the zoo I can see tigers,

elephants, monkeys, pandas, bears, snakes and many other animals.

Some animals are friendly, but some are not. Tigers, bears and some snakes are dangerous.In the zoo, you can watch them, but never touch! B

A: What’s that?

B: Where?

A: Over there, on the floor.

B: Oh, it’s a new watch. It looks like Tim’s. A: Is it a black one? B: No, it’s white. A: Then it may be Jack’s. B: Let’s go and ask him..

话题:Travel and transport (旅游和交通)

(1) Do you usually go to school by bus? (2) Have you ever been to Beijing? (3) Which is faster, by plane or by bus?

(4) Where do you want to visit if you’re free? Why?

2011年广东省听说考试学生训练必备材料(5) 16、语言学习(Language learning)

(1) Do you like learning English? Yes, I do.

(2) How long have you learned English? Five/ Four/ Three years. (3) Do you find it difficult to learn English? Yes, I do. (4) Do you have a foreign teacher in your school? Yes, we do. (5) Have you ever talked with a foreigner? Yes, I have.

(6) How do you learn English? By reading aloud./ By listening to the radio./ By watching videos.

A

Do you know Bill Gates, one of the richest man in the world?

When he was 13 years old, Bill started to play with computers. At that time, computers were very large machines. Once he was interested in a very old computer. He and some of his friends spent lots of time doing unusual things with it. In the end, they worked out a software program with the old machine. Bill sold it for 4,200 dollars when he was only 17!

B

A: Whats that, Jim?

B: Its an old photo of my family. A: Can I see it? B: Sure.

A: Whos the man between your mother and father? B: Hes my uncle. A: Whos that little girl? B: Shes my sister.

话题:Language learning (语言学习)

(1) Is it easy for you to learn English? (2) Who is your English teacher? (3) How to study English well? (4) Do you like Chinese? Why?

17、自然(Nature)

(1) Is there a garden in your school? Yes, there is.

(2) What can you see in a garden? I can see flowers and grass. (3) How often do you go to the zoo? Once a year. (4) What’s your favorite animal? Cats.

Why do you like the animal? Because they are cute and lovely. (5) Do you think it’s good to keep the animals in the zoo? Why or why not? No, I don’t think so. Because the animals are not free and they

(WORDS:trees, bushes, grass, flowers/ dogs, cats, tigers, lions, sheep, endangered animals, pets, zoo)

A

Do you like going shopping? I like it very much!

I live in Changsha. There’s a supermarket near my home. I often go there with my parents on weekends.

The supermarket is open every day from 9 a.m. to 9 p.m. The workers in the supermarket are very friendly. They help you find what you want. On weekends the market is full of people. They buy a lot of things there.

B

A: Where are you? B: Im in my room.

A: Is this your football sock? B: Yes, it is.

A: Wheres the other one? B: I think its in one of my shoes. A: Put them away, please. B: OK.

话题:Nature (自然) (1) Do you love the nature? (2) Have you ever been to seaside? (3) Which is bigger, the sun or the moon?

(4) Where is the most beautiful place in our country? Why?

18、世界和环境(The world and the environment)

(1) Can you tell me five countries in the world? China, Great Britain, the USA, Canada, Japan

(2) Which country do you want to travel to? Canada. (3) Do you like living in Changsha? Yes, I do.

(4) What do you think of Changsha? It’s clean and beautiful./It’s a little

crowded.

(WORDS:countrles:China, Great Britain, the United States, Australia, Canada, Japan, Russia, India Egypt/ clean, Dirty, crowed, polluted.)

A

Hello, everyone! I’m a student in NO. 1 Middle School. I’m Jack.

On weekdays, I get up at 6:30. I have breakfast at 7:00 and then I go to school. I go to school by bike. I get to school at about 7:30 every day. I dont like to be late.

Our classes begin at8:00. I have lunch at school. In the afternoon, classes are over at 4:30, and I get home at about 5:00. But sometimes I dont leave school so early, because I like to play basketball there. B

A: What a beautiful day! B: Yeah, it is.

A: I hope you can come to my party tomorrow. B: What party?

A: Its my birthday. Would you like to come? B: Sure. Where? A: At my home, 6:00pm. B: OK.

话题:The world and the environment(世界与环境)

(1) Do you like snow?

(2) What did you do when it snowed last winter? (3) What can we do to make our city nice and clean? (4) Do you think our environment is it better now? Why?

2011年广东省听说考试学生训练必备材料(6)

19、科普知识与现代技术(Popular science ai d modern technology) (1) Do you have a computer? Yes, I do.

(2) How often do you surf the intemet? Twice/ Once a week. (3) What can you get from the internet? Some information and news. (4) Do you think students should be allowed to play computer games? Why or why not?

Yes, I think so. Because we can learn somethink new from the internet. A

Dear Alice, I’m in China now. China is great! I enjoy my stay here .

Lucy and I go to school five days a week. We like our school. We have a lot of

friends here. They are very nice. We teach them English and they teach us Chinese. I can speak a little Chinese now. We go out on Sundays. Our friends often ask us to go to their homes for dinner. I like Chinese food very much. B

A: Hello, may I speak to David? B: Speaking!

A: Hi, David! This is Lily. B: Hi, Lily. Whats up?

A: What are you going to do next Sunday? B: Nothing much. A: Shall we go to the zoo? B: Good idea!

话题:Popular science and modern technology (科普知识与现代技术) (1) Do you like science? (2) Have you got a computer? (3) Where do you have your IT class?

(4) Do you think that internet is helpful? Why?

20.口语考试中的难点问题

1—1)What do you t}link ofyour school(1ife)?It’S great

2)What do you think of our environment?

It’S not SO good.

3)What do you think of your parents/teachers?They’re great[

4)What do you often do when it’S hot in summer?

I often go swimming.

5)Whatdoyouoftendo onNewYear’SDay?

I often play with my family members.

6)What do you usually do when you’re flee?

I do some reading/shopping.

7)What do you want to be when you grow up?A teacher

8)What time do you usually have sports?After school:

9)What can we do to improve our environment?

We can plant some trees,protect our rivers and lakes and take buses

instead of cars.

10) What’S your hobbv/your favorite food?

P1aying socoer/Beef

11) What’S the weather like here in wimer?It’S cold。

What’s the weather like today

It’s cloudy/suuny/rainy…

12)what can we do with computer?

We carl play games or see movies。

13)What do you have for lunch?Rice and chicken.

14)What would you do if you had one million dollers

I Would give some to charity

2-1)How often do you go to the park? Once a week.

2)How much are your glasses/shoes? 50yuan.

3)How are you getting on with your classmates? Very well.

4)How do you make your dream come true?

I’11 study hard./By studying hard。

5)How do you like Changsha?I like it very much.

6)H0w many seasons are there in a year?Four.

What are they? They’re spring,summer, autumn and winter.

7)How do you keep healthy?

I do sports and eat lots of vegetables.

8)How do you usually go to school? On foot/By bus.

9)How do you spend your free time?

I play basketball./watch TV./sleep.

3-1)When iS your birthday? My birthday is January 7th.

2)Where were you born? In Changsha.

3)When is Children’S Day?June 1st.

4)Who is your best friend? Li Jun is.

4-1)Can you name five countries?

Yes.Japan,Canada,Australia,the USA and India.

2)CanyounalTle Five subjects?

Yes.Math,English,Chinese,music and P.E.

3)Do you think you are a happy kid?

Yes,I think SO.

4)Would you like to be a volunteer to help the Olympic Games?

Yes,I,d love to.

5)Is there a super market ncar your home? Yes,there is.

, 6)Is your school far away from your home? Yes,it is.

7)Can you tell me/May I know your name/age? Sure.

My name is.....I’m 16 years o1d。

8)Will you get angry if your friend hit you? Why?

No,I won’t. because I think friendship is verv important.

9)Do you kave milk and eggs every day? Why?

Yes,I do,because they are good for my health.

10)Do you like spring? Why?

Yes. I do.because it’s beautiful.

(一)中译英精选句子 (2010年暑假6月29日)

1.他这次考试失败使他意识到定期复习功课是多么重要。

He failed in the exam, which has made him aware of the importance of reviewing his lessons regularly.

2、请一定不要忘记离家前你父母对你说过的话。

Be sure not to forget what your parents said to you before you left home.

3、我确信她的英语知识对这项工作来说是足够的。

Im sure her knowledge of English is adequate for the job.

4、这篇文章的目的是告诉学生怎么培养良好的学习习惯。

The purpose of his article is to tell the students how to develop good study habits.

5、在当今时代,人们越来越多地依靠计算机来解决各种各样的难题。

In our age, people depend more on computers to solve various kinds of difficult problems.

6、略读不仅帮助你对将要阅读的东西有所了解,还帮助你读得快些,提高你的阅读理解力。 Skimming not only helps you get some idea of what you are going to read, but also helps you read faster and improve your comprehension.

7、有些人认为男孩子考试成绩总是比女孩子好。然而,事实未必如此。

Some people think that boys performance on tests is always better than girls. That is not necessarily the case, however.

8、即使智力一般的学生也可以通过改进学习习惯而成为优等生。

Even students of average intelligence can become top students by improving their study habits.

9、幸好附近有家医院,我们立即把他送到了那里。

Fortunately there was a hospital nearby and we took him there at once.

10、我们常常发现运用一个规律比懂得它要难的了。

We often find it much more difficult to apply a rule than to know it.

11、他决心继续他的实验,不过这次他将用另一种办法来做。

He is determined to continue his experiment but this time hell do it another way.

12、她读这部小说时,不禁想起了她在农村度过的那五年。

When she read the novel, she couldnt help thinking the five years she had spent in the countryside.

13、玛丽觉得单靠自己的力量执行她的计划是困难的。

Mary thought it difficult to carry out her plan all by herself.

14、我们认为他不能在一刻钟内走完那段距离,但他却成功地做到了这一点。

We didnt think he could cover the distance in a quarter of an hour, but he succeeded in doing it.

15、这两只动物外貌很相似,但它们属于不同的种类。

The two animals are similar in appearance, but they belong to different species.

16、我并不确切地知道他申请的贷款(loan)银行是否会给。

I dont know for sure whether the bank will grant him the loan he has applied for.

17、那位名演员似乎很乐意在剧中扮演一位次要角色。

That famous actor seemed content to play a minor part in the play.

18、国庆节要到了,咱们把寝室彻底打扫一下吧。

National Day is round the corner. Lets give our bedroom a thorough clean.

19、她同意让一位年轻医生为她作手术。

She agreed to be operated on by a young doctor.

20、他们已安排好让我们明天去游览长城,我相信我们在那儿一定会玩得很开心。 Theyve arranged for us to visit the Great Wall tomorrow. Im sure well have a good time there. (well enjoy ourselves there)

21、作者想通过这篇文章向读者传达她对赞扬与批评的看法。

Through the article the author wants to convey to the readers his view on praise and criticism. 22、这家餐厅十二名女侍中,只有三名先前有过干这种活的经历。 Of the dozen of waitresses in the restaurant, only three have had any previous experience. 23、有迹象表明,不少工厂正面临着十分困难的局面。

There are indications that numerous factories are faced with a very difficult situation.

24、一切都表明他的计划出了毛病。

Everything points to the fact/indicates that something has gone wrong with his project/plan.

25、接受这份工作就得经常在周末上班,但约翰并不在意。

To take this job would involve working on weekends frequently, but John didnt mind.

26、那名罪犯被从严判处十五年徒刑。

The criminal was given a stiff sentence of fifteen years.

27、我祖父母说,发明电视的那个人曾住在他们的那个地段。

My grandparents said that the man who invented television had once lived in their neighborhood.

28、我提议咱们会后马上去办公室找史密斯教授,邀请他参加我们的英语晚会。

I propose that we go to find Prof. Smith in his office after the meeting and invite him to our English evening.

29、警察要求司机把事故讲述得更详细一些。

The policeman asked the driver to describe the accident in greater detail.

30、彼得的数学不好,但要说到体育,他却是班上最好的。

Peter is not good at maths, but when it comes to sports, he is the best in the class.

31、我真希望你能拿出一个比这更好的解决办法来。

I do hope that you can come up with a better solution than this one .

32、巨额投资使这一些地区的经济得以迅速发展。

Vast amounts of investment have enabled the economy of the area to grow rapidly. 33、史密斯医生从窗口望出去,突然看到一个年轻人正向他的诊所奔来。 Look out of the window, Dr. Smith caught sight of a young man running towards his clinic. 34、艾米过去除了咖啡什么也不喝。

Amy used to drink nothing but coffee.

35、迈拉得知丈夫在事故中受了伤便哭了起来。

Myra broke into tears when she learned that her husband had been injured in an accident.

36、我们好几天没有看见怀特小姐了,她是病倒了还是怎么了?

We havent seen Miss White for quite a few days. Has she fallen ill or something?

37、研究所所长亲自查明一切都没有问题。

The director of the research institute came in person to make sure that everything was all right.

38、伦尼今天早晨上学又迟到了。他应该早一点起床的。肯定是昨晚睡得太晚了。 Lennie was late for school again this morning. He ought to /should have got up earlier. He must have stayed up too late last night.

39、整个上午他都在忙于写那篇故事,只是偶尔停下来喝杯茶。

He was busy writing the story all the morning, only breaking off occasionally to have a cup of tea.

40、对护士来说,坚持这项规定是很重要的。

It is very important for nurses stick to this rule.

41、据报道,那条铁路因洪水而停止修建。

It was reported that the building of the railway had been held up by a flood.

42、罢工结果,资方接受了工人的要求。

The strike resulted in the managements accepting the workers demands.

43、煤矿工人们决定为高考新题型下的英语听说训练教学策略探讨

南方论刊·2014年第3期 教育广角

高考新题型下的英语听说训练教学策略探讨

陈文影

(茂名市第一中学 广东茂名 525000)

【摘要】语言交际的最基本形式则是听和说,也是人们在日常生活中最常用的交际语言。对于英语教学来说,它的目标是对学生的综合应用能力进行培养,特别是听说能力。广东从2011年开始,就将听说加入了高考英语中,这不仅是对学生综合能力的考察,也是对传统高考英语模式的挑战,如何在英语教学中锻炼学生的听说能力,从而应对高考新题型下的挑战是当前教师最为值得关注的重点。本文则主要以广东省为例,来探究分析高考新题型下的英语听说训练教学策略,以供参考。

【关键词】高考;英语;听说;教学;策略

  广东省教育厅在2011年颁布将听说考试加入高考英语中,2011年广东普通高考英语分别进行笔试和听说考试,其中,听说考试占英语总分的10%,这种一种全新的测试模式,采用人机对话形式将口语、听力合二为一的测试,其目的则是为了培养学生口头索取信息和正确理解问题的能力,因此在日常教学中对学生进行听说训练会对学生在面对高考时起到促进作用,具有一定的现实意义。  

  一、 听说考试的要求以及题型特点

  根据《广东省普通高校招生考试改革调整方案》,从2011年开始广东省普通高考英语科考试分进行听说考试和笔试,在英语科总分(满分150分)中听说考试占据其中的10%,经过反复的论证和测试,广东省在2011年普通高考制定了“英语听说”的考试要求,基本在每年的3月为英语听说考试时间。考试要求分为两大结构,一是语言知识,要求考生掌握并运用英语语音、词汇、语法基础知识以及所学功能话题和意念,要求学生掌握3500个词汇量。二是语言运用;要求学生能够听懂简单的对话和话题,对所听内容作出推断,理解说话者的意图、观点和态度,理解主旨和要义,获取具体的、事实性信息。口语要求学生根据具体提示来进行口语表达,考生应做到语音、语调自然,语言运用得体,询问或传递事实性信息,表达意思和想法,使用有效的交际策略。(如表一)

表1:广东省英语听说考试试卷结构

A节模仿朗读120  A节:模仿朗读。要求考试看完大约一分钟的英语

片段,之后考生针对这个片段开始模仿训练,首先对文字稿进行阅读,再对照文字稿听录音。训练全部完成后考试开始模仿朗读。根据片段字幕考生进行字幕朗读,尽可能要求考试语音、语调以及语速保持一致。此节考试评分共分为三个档次:在语音语调方面,A档;8-12分,要求发音清晰、准确,语流连贯、流畅,语调正确、自然;B档;4-7分,语调基本正确,语流尚为连贯,发音基本标准;C档;0-3分,大部分的音素发音不正确,语调不正确,语流不连贯。在语速与内容方面,A档,6-8分,按照原语速朗读,而且内容完整(至多漏过三个单词);3-5分,基本按照原语速朗读,漏过几个单词。0-2分,不能按照原语速朗读,漏过一个完整的句子或者超过10个以上单词。

  B节:角色扮演(Role Play)。要求考生看完大约两分钟的视频片段,对自己所要扮演的角色以及要完成的任务有所明确,再看完片段后考生根据中文提示并用英语提出三个问题,计算回答考生问题,之后计算机再向考生提出五个问题,考生必须根据自己所听到的内容来回答计算机提出的问题;此环节的评分标准分为提问和回答,分值在0.1.15之间浮动,分值的具体评判都根据考生现场发挥。

  C节:故事复述。要求考生在规定时间(2分钟)内听完一段独白录音,录音一共播放两遍,之后给予考生大约1分钟的准备时间后便开始复述,这个环节要求考生尽量用自己的语言来概述所听到的独白内容,将原文信息点尽可能都包含在复述内容中。(如表二)  

  二、实施英语听说考试的必要性

  在当前高考的新形势下,培养学生运用英语进行交际的能力是英语教学的目的,在《普通高中英语课程标

  注:计算机辅助“英语听说”考试最终计入英语科总成绩的分值=卷面成绩(满分60分)×0.25,四舍五入取整数计分。

表2:故事复述评分标准

档次AB

8-124-70-3

大多数信息点涵盖了原文的主要信息点3-420-1

语言规范语言基本合乎规范4-52-30-1

流利比较流利321

语音语调不影响理解错误,但基本不影响理解

影响理解

思考问题,在以后的高考中,观点的不同会让主考老师有惊喜性的加分,对提高整体成绩有促进作用。  (三)做好复述性训练,培养听后复述能力。在英语听说的训练部分信息点

语言错误

流利

准》,对口语的技能目标要求有以下几点:能对任务和项目完成的过程和结果及时报告,能在交流中使用恰当的语调,语气和节奏表达个人的意图和情感,能有效的将英语运用到日常人际交往中,如做一般的生活翻译,判断,投诉,外宾购物等。从上述要求的得知,实施英语听说考试对学生在今后的发展有着促进作用,在教学中占据着重要的地位,但它目前存在的现状确不容乐观,有以下几点:一是有一部分学生根据课本所设定的内容会讲英语,一旦脱离课本,就开始词不达意。二是传统的应试教育让学生变得不敢开口讲英语,导致口语表达能力越来越差;高一的学生在刚开始对口语还不是很排斥,高二高三逐渐给学生灌输应试教育,学生对英语口语就形成一种强制性的学习观念,学习口语不是为了交流,而是为了应付高考。所以,教师应适当的调整教学策略来发挥英语口语的积极作用。  

  三、英语听说训练教学策略

  (一)培养听说基本能力从模仿性训练开始。说和写完全是根据有足够听着说基础以及语言的输入,如果没有听就没有说,二者相互依存,听的能力很大程度上都取决与说。开展模仿性训练是在英语教学中学习过一定的语音和语言知识之后,学生的听力和口语水平能够得到有效提高。模仿训练是指学生根据听到的声音内容进行模范,因此来对语言特征进行识别。在前期的教学中,学生应根据录音中的语调来判断内容的自然节奏,辨别同化音,还可对材料进行处理,放慢速度在语段之间,让学生更容易模仿内容中的对话,养成良好的听音和读音的习惯。如在人教版新课标必修三Unit 2 Workbook 的Listening 练习中,这是关于一段食物的联系,比较符合学生的兴趣,可把它剪成一段材料让学生进行跟读,学生在经过这种方式的听说训练之后,听力和口头能力得到大幅度提升。

  (二)培养听说习惯做理解性训练。语言交际基本功能的前提是正确理解和表达听说内容,提高听说能力的关键则是培养学生对听力内容的理解,养成听说习惯。针对理解性训练可分为三点:听前预测,听中预测和听后理解,最后再对所听内容进行巩固深化。在这三个过程中,对理解性训练可分部进行,要求学生在听录音时并做好记录,之后对所听内容进行分析,推理和修正,提高理解的准确度。最后,可以和学生讨论较为深层次的话题,对所听内容说人物想要表达是何种内涵,人物想创达的观念是什么,引领学生往深层次的方向去

中,对声音的扑捉往往是学生主要

停留的层面,对重新组织语言材料能力严重缺乏。但这点也恰巧是在当今高考新题型下所考核的关键内容。教学在展开复述性训练时可在理解性和模仿性训练都完成之后,这对提高学生该方面能力有着促进作用。首先针对复述性训练,材料的充分选择是训练的关键,有利于学生在复述方面的练习要选取切合学生实际水平且故事性强的材料。其次,遵循从易到难的原则,对关键词、短语、中心句按听—跟读—复述关键句—组织材料内容,训练时要重现的顺序循序渐进。这样不仅排除了学生对英语听说的心理障碍,还可帮助学生在训练中成功将材料内容给完整的复述出来。如果想要提高学生参与的积极性,就尽量采用多种练习方式,将听读、复述以及表演三种形式有效的结合起来,来鼓励学生投入到英语听说训练当中。比如在学习人教版新课标必修五Unit 5 Workbook的Listening练习,在听完录音之后,让学生将自己所听到的关键词以及信息点写到纸上,之后教师再组织学生一同分析听到的关键词,短语以及中心句。之后开始听第二遍录音并让学生回到以下问题:1)What’s her address?;2)What has happened to the caller’s daughter?;3)How does Sarah Grant sound?;接着再放一次录音,让学生以句子为单位或用自己的语言轮流跟读对话内容,重现对话中内容,之后学生在进行角色表演,这样一来,学生对听读、复述、表演都得到了训练,捕捉听说材料重点和口头表达的能力也得到了充分的锻炼,大大提高了复述能力水平。  

  四、结语

  综上所述,通过对听说训练教学策略分析可得知,教师在制定教学方案时应根据高考的实时动态来调整策略,保证学生在进行听说练习时可与接近高考要求,提高学习效率。广东省所实施的这项教学测试,也是对学生运用英语进行的交际的能力进行了培养,但听说训练不能为了高考而存在,教师应充分调动学生学习英语听说训练的兴趣,让学生从根本上去接受此教学,从而真正达到语言学习的目的,实现教育的真正意义。

  参考文献:

  [1]周三元:发挥听说考试的反拨作用,寓听说训练于英语常规教学[J].英语广场(下旬刊 ).2012.(7):123-124.   [2]谢莹:探究高考英语听说考试的教学方法及备考策略[J].文理导航(下旬).2011.(8):47-48.

  [3]高学锋:广东省高考听说考试的能力要求及训练指南[J].课程教育研究.2012.(16):75.(下转第63页)

  (二)加强网络舆论引导。网络舆情是新形势下宣传部门要花大力气做好的一项重要工作。要重视网络舆情的监督作用,不断改进企业各项工作,建设人民满意企业。同时,要强化日常网络舆情监测,确保舆情及时有效得到处置,最大限度消除负面信息的不良影响。要主动发声,及时向社会公布情况,积极主动回应社会的关切。同时对恶意诽谤造谣中伤的媒体和人,要进行有理有利有节的斗争,依靠法律维护企业的权益和形象。

  (三)加强对外宣传策划。市场经济条件下,酒香也怕巷子深,那种关起门来搞企业的做法已过时,必须高度重视企业的对外宣传工作。要精心策划宣传主题,大力宣传石化企业注重环保,实施绿色低碳战略,不断加大投入和实施新工艺、新技术,努力营造碧水蓝天的举措,大力宣传石化工人艰苦奋斗、勤俭节约、精细管理、无私奉献、热心公益的事迹,宣传石化企业在促进地方经济社会发展上所作出的重大贡献,树立中国石化致力建设“人民满意、高度负责任、高度受尊敬”的企业形象。  

企业精神为核心的企业价值理念,使事争第一、追求卓越、打造一流成为职工的共同价值取向。要加强企业文化的落地工作,落实《员工守则》和员工工作礼仪,规范职工行为,塑造团结、有为、奋进的工作团队。要抓好党建文化、廉洁文化、安全文化、和谐文化等子文化建设,形成企业文化建设体系。  

  四、抓好队伍建设,提供组织保障

  ***总书记在“8.19”讲话中强调指出,宣传思想部门承担着十分重要的职责,必须守土有责、守土负责、守土尽责,宣传思想部门工作要强起来。贯彻这一要求,就要按照政治强、业务精、纪律严、作风正的要求,加强宣传队伍建设,着力提高宣传队伍的素质和能力。

  (一)加强学习。首先要加强理论学习。宣传干部要强起来,首先是要在理论上强起来。宣传干部要认真学习马克思主义理论,学习中国特色社会主义理论体系,做到真学、真懂、真信、真用,同时要弘扬理论联系实际的学风,善于运用马克思主义立场、观点、方法分析问题和解决问题。其次要在业务素质上强起来。除了在理论上提高外,还要在思维、沟通、表达、写作、做群众工作等方面全面提高,努力成为宣传思想方面的行家里手。

  (二)改进作风。宣传干部要带头参加党的群众路线教育实践活动,自觉反“四风”,着力改文风,坚决克服宣传报道脱离实际、不接地气、同职工群众贴得不够紧的问题,增强宣传的感染力和影响力。

  (三)积极创新。要创新手段,适应当前信息技术快速发展、传播模式日趋多样的需求,在使用传统宣传手段的同时,善于利用互联网、微博、微信、QQ开展宣传思想工作;要创新形式和内容,把企业报纸、电视、杂志、网点办成领导要看、职工想看、群众爱看的媒体;要创新宣传方式,把握好“时”,在最佳时间宣传,把握好“度”,使宣传恰如其分,把握好“效”,提高宣传效果。

  ***总书记在全国宣传思想工作会议上的重要讲话为进一步做好宣传思想工作指明了方向、提供了遵循、创造了新机遇,宣传系统要抓住机遇,乘势而上,进一步提高宣传思想工作水平,为企业科学发展作出应有的贡献。

  三、抓好文明建设,提高文明素质

  要认真贯彻讲话中关于“加强社会主义核心价值体系建设,积极培育和践行社会主义核心价值观,全面提高公民道德素质,培育知荣辱、讲正气、作奉献、促和谐的良好风尚”的要求,扎实抓好精神文明建设,进一步提高职工文明素质。

  (一)深入抓好文明创建活动。要按照精神文明创建“五个一”的要求,深入抓好道德讲堂活动,积极推荐各类别的好人、道德模范参加上一级评选,同时大力宣传道德模范的事迹,引导职工在企业做个好员工,在家庭做个好成员,在社会做个好公民。要抓好精神文明建设评比工作,争创更多的文明单位和文明社区。要深入开展好为民服务创先争优志愿服务活动,使之进一步“事业化推进、项目化服务、常态化活动”,让志愿者精神得到广泛弘扬,形成我为人人、人人为我的良好局面。

  (二)深入推进企业文化建设。企业文化是凝聚企业共识和力量的重要手段,是企业的软实力。要深入开展调查研究,制定企业文化建设纲要,立足当前,着眼长远,分步实施,有组织有计划有步骤地推进企业文化建设工作。要继承创新,借鉴中外,突出特色,提炼以

  编辑/于恒 校对/小田

  (上接第109页)[4]徐露:高考英语听说能力训练中需要注意的几个问题[J].师道·教研.2013.(7):72-73.

  [5]李建平:从高考英语听说考试判卷评分直击英语

听说教学[J].广东教育(综合版).2013.(7):84,83.

  [6]叶宝庆:广东省高考“英语听说”考试备考策略探究[J].课外阅读(中旬).2013.(4):223.

  编辑/睿明 校对/安琪

高考说明文训练

考纲解析

山东最新《考试说明》规定:阅读一般论述类文章。

具体考点:

1、 理解

(1)理解文中重要概念的含义 (2)理解文中重要句子的含意

2、分析综合

(1)筛选并且整合文中的信息 (2)分析文章结构,把握文章思路

(3)归纳内容要点,概括中心意思 (4)分析概括作者在文中的观点态度

直击考点

★五年回顾

通过上表可以看出一般论述类文章阅读在山东高考中,呈现规律:

1.选材上,多关注传统文化。

2.命题上,充分体现考纲要求。

★ 考点分频汇总

▲ 分清类别读懂文本

▲ 审清题意把握要求

▲ 准确表述灵活回答

▲ 掌握方法避免失误

复习之匙

1.

★ 例题解析

阅读下面的文字,完成1-4题

人体免疫细胞能发现并杀死被感染的细胞而不伤害健康的细胞,其机理一直困惑着人们。科学家最近初步揭开了其中的奥秘,原来被感染的细胞能发出信号向免疫细胞求救。

美国马里兰大学的一个科研小组最近在英国《自然》杂志上***指出,人体细胞中大都含有肽,它是细胞健康状态的标志物。细菌或病毒侵入细胞后会破坏该细胞①,同时自己也分解繁殖。这时肽分子就会与细菌或病毒碎片结合。这样,附近的免疫细胞就得到该细胞②受感染的信号,然后通知其他免疫细胞一同将受感染的细胞及其中的感染物杀死。

该科研小组是利用X射线晶体分析法发现这一奥秘的。他们选用了能诱发某些白血病的HTLV病毒作为研究对象,并在免疫细胞T细胞中发现了这一病毒的受体。当肽分子与该病毒③残片结合后,就会激发附近的T细胞上该病毒④的受体,从而使T细胞发挥作用。科学家说,T细胞上含有上百万个不同的受体,利用它可发现大量细菌或病毒并将受其感染的细包杀死。

1.文中有两组划横线的“该细胞”和“该病毒”,它们之间的关系是(2分)

A.①和②相同,③和④不同 B.①和②不同,③和④不同

C.①和②相同,③和④相同 D.①和②不同,③和④相同

2.第二段中,“它(肽)是细胞健康状态的标志物”的意思是(2分)

A.人体细胞在健康状态下,其中才会有肽分子存在。

B.肽在细菌或病毒入侵后能发生求救信号,维护人体健康。

C.人体在健康的状态下,细胞内含有的肽相对较多。

D.肽分子能将入侵的细菌或病毒分解并与其碎片结合。

3.下列解说,不符合原文意思的一项是( )

A.向免疫细胞发生求救信号的是人体细胞中的肽分子。

B.肽分子与细菌或病毒的碎片结合后,会激发T细胞内肽的受体。

C.最终杀死细菌或病毒的是T细胞中的细菌或病毒的受体。

D.T细胞中的受体,不仅杀死了细菌或病毒,还杀死了受感染的细胞。

4.对本文所提供的信息,理解不准确的一项是(3分)

A.马里兰大学科研小组发现肽与T细胞合作的奥秘,是利用了X射线晶体分析法。

B.科研小组发现,肽分子向T细胞发出求救信号的方法是激发T细胞内存在的 受体。

C.科学家说,能发现并杀死各种不同的细菌或病毒的T细胞上的受体有上百万个。

D.一些科学家说,发现细菌或病毒,杀死被细菌或病毒感染的细胞的是T细胞内的受。

[参考答案] 1.C 2.B 3.B 4.C

[解题思路]

1.“该细胞”和“该病毒”前面都有限制词“该”,所以第①个“该细胞”和第②个“该细胞”,是一样的;第③个“该病毒”和第④个“该病毒”,也是一样的。

2.“它(肽)是细胞健康状态的标志物”的意思是“肽在细菌或病毒入侵后能发出求救信号,维护人体健康”。

A项把因果关系倒转了。是肽“维护人体健康”,而不是“在健康状态下才会有肽分子存在”。 C项也是犯了同样的错误,应是“有肽在,人体才会健康”,而不是相反。

D项是从肽分子的功能方面说的,不是对题目中那句话的直接的解释。

3.B项“肽分子与细菌或病毒的碎片结合后”,激发的是T细胞内病毒的受体,而非肽的受体。

4.C项“能发现并杀死各种不同的细菌或病毒的T细胞上的受体有上百万个”一句可借助语法分析发现歧义。是“杀死病毒”还是“杀死受体”,没有说清楚。

练习检测

★课堂随练

一、中国绿色技术发展现状

①我国污染末端处理技术即“深绿色技术”发展较早,技术水平也较高。而“浅绿色技术”即减少污染产生的清洁生产技术发展滞后。20世纪70年代以来,针对日益恶化的全球环境,世界各国通过不断增加投入,治理生产过程中所排放的废气、废水和固体废物,以减小对环境的污染,保护生态环境。但末端处理只能减轻部分环境污染,并没有从根本上改变全球环境恶化的趋势。

原因很简单,一边治理,一边排放。在实践中,人们逐渐认识到,以末端处理为主的污染控制战略必须改变。于是,清洁生产的思想产生了。

②清洁生产其基本内涵是对产品和产品的生产过程采取预防的策略来减少污染的产生,概括地讲包括三个方面的内容:采用清洁的能源,少废或无废的清洁生产过程,以及对环境无害的清洁产品。我国的环境保护治理工作是从处理“三废”开始的。20世纪70年代废水、废气、废渣是环境治理的重点。在废水处理、大气污染防治、工业废渣处理与利用等方面出现了许多成功的技术。

③20世纪90年代初我国才引入清洁生产概念。清洁生产在我国推广至今,也取得了一定的成绩。但总体上我国的清洁生产技术的水平和推广程度都比较低。不少工厂企业至今仍沿用20世纪50—60年代的老工艺设备,工艺落后,设备陈旧,加上管理不善,布局不合理,物资利用率低,物耗、能耗、水耗很高,不仅造成资源严重浪费,而且还使生产成本增高,造成环境污染。在发展清洁生产方面我国还有很多工作要做。首先需要开展以清洁生产促进可持续发展的宣传和培训,以改变单纯从生产的终端来考虑污染控制的传统观念;建立清洁生产技术指标体系和资源应用及排污总量控制指标,促进企业工业污染控制和企业技术进步;建立相应的资源运用和排污总量控制方法,促进企业应用清洁生产技术;研究清洁生产的合格评定与市场驱动机制,为清洁生产技术的发展与推广提供有利的市场环境;研究生命周期环境管理模式、产品生态设计技术和方法等。我国在“21世纪议程”中明确提出了开展清洁生产并为此制定了要实施的行动计划和措施,表明了我国政府执行清洁生产的决心。

1.下列对清洁生产的解释,不正确的一项是( )

A.清洁生产是对产品和产品生产过程采取预防的策略来减少污染的产生的生产。

B.治理生产过程中排放的废气、废水和固体废物,以减小对环境的污染就是清洁生产。

C.清洁生产的主要内容是采用清洁的能源,生产过程少废或无废,以及对环境无害的清洁产品。

D.清洁生产即“浅绿色技术”,它是不同于“深绿色技术”的一种“生产技术”。

2.对原文最后一段有关内容的理解,正确的一项是( )

A.我国清洁生产技术的水平和推广程度,相当于国外50—60年代的水平和状态。

B.我国清洁生产落后的原因,是许多工厂企业至今仍用国外的一些落后设备。

C.我国发展清洁生产最重要的任务是进行宣传和培训,更新传统观念。

D.研究生命周期环境管理模式、产品设计技术和方法等,是提高我国的清洁生产

术水平的重要环节。

3.根据原文提供的信息,以下推断正确的一项是( )

A.通过促进可持续发展的宣传和培训,我国清洁生产技术和推广程度,会达到世界先进水平。

B.为实现人类社会与自然的协调发展,今后的一段时间,我国也不会放弃发展和推广“深绿色技术”。

C.在废水处理、大气污染、工业废渣处理与利用等方面发明成功了许多技术,说明我国清洁生产技术有一定的基础。

D.21世纪,我国绿色技术发展的重点是积极推行“浅绿色技术”即清洁生产技术。

二、飓风:自然的暴力

飓风是一种热带气候,它是热带海洋上的一个强低气压区,被狂暴的旋转风包围。在北大

西洋、在国际日期变更线以西的东北部太平洋以及东经160度以东的南太平洋上,它被称为台风,在印度洋上又称为旋风。

当热带气旋的风速达到每小时120千米,就正式称为飓风,风速在每小时120千米以下都称为热带风暴。每年,热带地区海洋上产生大约100个热带风暴。其中约 50个达到飓风强度。

飓风一词源于“Hudcan”,是加勒比海传说中的邪恶之神。

飓风的形成需要精确的气象条件:海平面温度需要高于26.5℃。它们的动力是水蒸气释放的能量:温暖的热带海平面上的空气吸收海水热量后迅速旋转上升,形成一片超低压区域,成为风暴眼。飓风季节从6月1日开始,持续到11月30日结束,最具破坏力的飓风通常出现在8月中旬至10月中旬。

首先,在最极端的情况下,飓风可产生最高速度每小时320千米的强风,只有最坚固的建筑才能抵挡如此强的风。其次,它们总是携带暴雨,可能引发灾难性的洪水。第三,最为可怕的是,飓风有时会引发风暴潮现象。所谓风暴潮就是狂风和超低气压携手造成的海平面上升。上升的高度最高可达到7.5米。飓风推动水位提升的海水抵达海岸可能造成洪水滔天。

飓风一旦抵达陆地,由于断绝了热海水提供的热能,通常迅速偃旗息鼓。但是,如果在开阔的海洋上,则可持续两个星期,甚至1个月。

科学家试图弄清楚海面温度如何影响热带风暴的形成。部分影响是直接的:海面热水相当于飓风的燃料;但是,专家相信飓风的形成并非如此简单。海面温度变化总是伴随着部分大气变化,而大气变化又会影响海洋信风的强弱和降雨量的多少。1999年9月15日,联合国发布了一份研究报告,预测在21世纪,全球气候变暖将导致更频繁、更严重的热带风暴、洪水、龙卷风。气象学家彼得森说:“我们确实知道,飓风的猛烈程度与海水温度直接相关。如果全球气候变暖的趋势持续下去,造成海水温度上升,更多、更强的飓风将接踵而至。”但除了人类的影响,各种自然循环同样影响着热带风暴的形成。比如说,当厄尔尼诺——赤道东太平洋南美沿岸海水温度激烈上升的现象——出现时,高海拔风向受到影响,这时大西洋上产生的热带气旋相对较少。飓风的形成同样与同温层风向、海洋局部区域温度、西非的降雨有关。

2005年的风暴有:阿琳、布雷特、辛迪、丹尼斯、艾米丽等。造成严重损失的飓风有卡特里娜飓风、丽塔飓风,二者分别是今年大西洋上的第11次和第17次热带风暴。

1.有关飓风的形成要件或飓风威力的说明,不正确的一项是( )

,才能成为飓风。 A.热带气旋的风速得达到每小时120千米(含120千米每小时)

B.海平面温度要高于26.5℃,风暴眼需要借助水蒸气释放的能量作动力。

C.飓风的强风风速有时会达到每小时320千米的最高速度,破坏力极强。

D.飓风会造成海平面快速上升,携带暴雨,造成洪水滔天,引发灾难性洪水。

2.下列表述不符合原文意思的一项是( )

A.从6月1日开始到11月30日结束,持续6个月的飓风季节中,8月中旬至10

月中旬是飓风破坏力最强的时期。

B.风暴潮的出现是飓风的淫威表现之一,它是海平面在狂风和超低气压作用下造成

的高度最高可达到7.5米的海平面上升现象。

C.风暴眼是温暖的热带海平面上在海水热量的作用下空气迅速旋转上升而形成的超

低压区域,飓风的形成需要风暴眼的支持。

D.热带风暴的形成与人类影响造成的气候变暖有直接的关系,但也不能忽视各种自

然循环的影响。

3.根据原文提供的信息,以下推断正确的一项是( )

A.每年,热带地区海洋上产生大约100个热带风暴,其中约50个形成了飓风。

B.形成于海洋上的飓风抵达陆地后,失去了水蒸气释放的能量动力,立刻就会消失。

C.专家相信飓风的形成不可能只是海面温度的影响,但其猛烈程度与海面温度直接相关。 D.科学家已经搞到了海面温度影响热带风暴形成的第一手资料,弄清了海面温度影

响热带风暴形成的原因。

答案:

一、《中国绿色技术发展现状》

1.B(治理“三废”属传统的“深绿色技术”)

2.D(A原文中说的是“不少工厂企业至今仍沿用20世纪50—60年代的老工艺设备”,并没有说“我国清洁生产技术的水平和推广程度,相当于50—60年代的水平和状态”,更没有说“相当于国外” B太片面,注意第③节中的“加上”“而且” C原文中说的是“首先”,这不等于就是“最重要”)

3.D(A“会达到世界先进水平”无依据 B“不会放弃发展和推广„深绿色技术‟”与原文不符 C处理“三废”技术不属于“清洁生产技术”)

二、《飓风:自然的暴力》

1.B(不是“风暴眼”的“动力”,而是“飓风”的动力,原文“它们”指代“飓风”,颠倒关系)

2. D(“海水温度上升”才是“直接”的)

3. C (A原文说“其中约50个达到飓风强度”,但不一定都形成了飓风,还有其他条件,文中找不到根据;B“立刻就会消失”不当,原文说的是“通常迅速偃旗息鼓”;D文中只说“试图弄清”但找不到“已搞到了第一手资料”和“弄清了海面温度影响热带风暴形成的原因”的根据)

★ 课后巩固

一、阅读下面的文字,完成1—4题。

在所有关于世博会的消息中,也许最令人震惊的是2000年汉诺威博览会主办者给上海的建

议:“不要过高估计观众的热情。”这至少应该算是一个忠言,因为来源于汉诺威自己的惨痛经历是:预测参观人数从4000万直落到2500万,而最后的实际人数则只有1800万。事实上,发达国家举办的世博会人数在1970年大阪的6420万人的顶点之后确实在逐年下降。甚至那些举办过世博会的城市也在哀悼它的衰落,《西雅图邮报》的专栏作家比尔

维真的解释有点简单。因为世博会的真正基础一直建立在“时代的希望与欲望”之上,它的基本主题也一直落在通过技术进步展望人类未来上。对于一个时代的观众来说,新技术所代表的首先不是一个国家的工业能力,而是“人类”的新鲜未来。也许正是这一点,上海为国际展览局带来了新的希望;另一方面,上海在现时正在越来越构成一个全世界市场的中心,身在这个市场中的中国观众至少仍然保持着巨大的热情,这种巨大的消费热情放大着关于市场的意义。上海也不是没有自己的问题。尽管经过“权威”部门的测算,2010年上海世博会的人数将达到创纪录的7000万,直接收入将超过90亿人民币。但还有预测高达250亿人民币的直接投入。如果简单将90亿和250亿这两个数字类比,意味着上海世博会的亏损将超过2000年汉诺威世博会的整个投资(18亿美元),接近1998年里斯本世博会亏损数(5.5亿美元)的4倍。按这种算法:上海能从世博会上直接收回的钱将不会达到它所花去的4成,如果再把政府慷慨拿出的l亿旨在赞助贫困国家参展的美元基金考虑在内,显然申办者对2010年世博会经济收益的重视远逊于它可能的社会效益。

不过,经济账还有另一种算法。按照中国贸易促进委员会展览部副部长孙钢在接受《经济半小时》采访时的说法,如果考虑会展业对相关产业高达1:6的拉动效应,上海从世博会获得的收入将超过1000亿人民币。另外,250亿元的直接投资还会带动5至10倍的扩大投资。同

时为上海增加无数的工作岗位。再加上整个活动引发的城市宣传效应对未来投资的影响,世博会对上海应该说是一个重要的机会。

1、为什么说汉诺威博览会主办者给上海的建议“算是一个忠言”,以下对其原因的解析不正确的一项是( )

A、汉诺威世博会的预测参观人数与实际人数相距悬殊,经历惨痛。

B、举办过世博会的发达国家自日本大阪以后,其参观人数呈逐年下降趋势,更遑论经济薄弱的中国上海。

C、一些举办过世博会的城市在哀悼它的衰落,已说明不是个别现象。

D、世博会的功能都已经有了更专门、更好的“东西”取代,优势已不够明显。

2、对第二段相关信息的表述或解说,与原文不一致的一项是( )

A、世博会的真正基础与基本主题在“对人类的展望”这一点上具有一致性。

B、能够代表“人类”新鲜未来、其重要的地位及民众的热情,是上海将来能够成功举办世博会的三大要素。

C、上海也有自己的问题,据“权威”部门测算,上海世博会亏损额将超过19亿美元。

D、上海申博,看重的是社会效益,轻视了经济收益。

3、根据原文所提供的信息,以下推断错误的一项是( )

A、当代社会,几乎世博会的所有功能都已经有了更专门更好的东西来替代,所以单纯地求取它所带给人们的经济效益,已不再是明智之举。

B、从中国政府“慷慨拿出1亿旨在赞助贫困国家参展的美元基金”可以大胆预见:2010年上海世博会将会有更多的国家参展,真正体现世博会的精神。

C、用社会效益来计算,上海从世博会获得的收入将远远超过1000亿元人民币,所以我们可以预先回敬汉诺威博览会主办者:“不要过低估计中国的热情。”

D、如果上海想借世博会达到预定的经济和社会效益,必然要进行科学合理的规划、运作,从而达到资源的高效使用以及可持续发展,真正把握好这次机会。

【答案】

一、1、B(抓住“不要过高估计观众的热情”,针对的是“参观者”的态度,而B项比较的是经济实力,不合题意。再者文中没有论及中国上海的经济薄弱问题,属无中生有)

2、D(抓住对“经济收益的重视远逊于它可能的社会效益”,意即也重视经济收益)

3、D(A、B宽泛,C项强调的是困难,风险,不合上海申博的初衷;D项见文尾一段的表述及文尾一句的点拨)

4、C(C项两点错误:其一是“用社会效益来计算”错,原文指“经济帐还有另外一种算法”,两者表述的内含有异;其二是“不要过低估计中国的热情”错,因为光凭“热情”并不一定能实现上述的巨额收入。D项亦可为此佐证)

二、围棋与国家 林建超

围棋起源于中国,是黄河文明的产物,其形制弈法等都饱含着文明母体的基因和特征。围 棋极可能源自上古时期的结绳而治、河图洛书和周易八卦,因为其形制、内涵与中华文明的源头想符。

围棋的产生围棋的产生和发展,始终与弈者对自然、社会和人生的思考感悟联系在一起。围棋不仅对个人修身养性,而且对民族社会的群体心理产生深刻影响。

围棋是中华五千年文明的象征,民族文化的瑰宝、高度智慧的结晶,这种地位不是任何人封赐的,也不是带有感情色彩的主观结论,而是人们在反复实践和比较中认识到的,是随着社会和文明的进步而不断深化和升华的。

围棋的价值和地位是在与各种掷彩博累活动的比较中确立起来的。最早有文献记载的围棋

活动是在春秋时期。从春秋到西汉,社会风气浮躁、趋利,具有运气性和刺激性、介于赌博的博累棋流行甚广,围棋处于受挤压的位置,但始终保持着顽强的生命力。东汉中期后,社会风气转变,文明程度提高,思想更为自由,人们不满足于掷彩行棋的非公平的竞智斗巧,围棋更加受到人们的喜爱和重视,而曾经盛极一时的博累棋逐步走向衰弱,到唐代时完全消亡了。博累棋消亡的原因从根本上说是他们不符合我们民族的思想特征,不能满足人们精神生活的真正需求,而围棋在与他们的比较中表现出了本质上的优势。

围棋的价值和地位是从正反两方面的社会实践对比中确立起来的。人们在围棋活动的实践中逐渐认识到,围棋本身具有娱乐、教育、竞技、交际等功能。弈棋活动的负面作用不能归咎于围棋本身,而是人们自己对“度”的把握不好造成的。随着历史的发展,人们普遍肯定了围棋的功能和价值,确立了围棋在民族文化中的精髓和瑰宝地位。

对围棋,不能神化,也不能矮化。正确认识围棋价值的出发点,应当是“国艺价值观”。所谓“国艺”,就是与国家民族有深厚渊源,上升到国家层面,能够反映民族精神需求的艺术和技能形式。儒家开始只承认“六艺”,即礼、乐、射、御、书、数,其中没有围棋。到魏晋时人们对“艺”有了崭新的认识,突破了儒家历来只重“六艺”的传统,把围棋纳入“艺”的范围,围棋登入“国艺”的殿堂。事实证明,围棋在民族文化中的精髓和瑰宝地位,也只有“国艺”一词才能相配。(节选自《围棋与国家》,有删改)

1.关于围棋的起源和发展,下列说法正确的一项是

A. 围棋发源于上古时期的结绳而治、河图洛书和周易八卦,其形制弈法等都饱含着文明母体的基因和特征。

B. 围棋起源于中国,是黄河文明的产物,其产生和发展其中与弈者对自然、社会和人生的思考感悟联系在一起。

C. 围棋有一个漫长的发展过程,西汉时受社会环境影响而广泛流行,东汉时已深受人们的喜爱和重视。

D. 魏晋时人们对“艺”产生了新的看法,儒家对围棋也有了进一步的认识,围棋登入“国艺”的殿堂。

2.对围棋价值和地位的认识,下列表述不正确的一项是

A. 围棋作为民族文化的瑰宝、高度智慧的结晶,对个人修身养性,对民族社会的群体心里产生深刻影响。

B. 围棋的价值和地位是在与掷彩博累活动的比较,传统礼教观念的斗争中,在社会实践的对比中确立起来。

C. 自人们从生命意义上认识围棋的价值,把它作为自觉的艺术追求后,围棋就成为儒士必备的艺伎。

D. 围棋作为“国艺”,是一种与国家民族有深厚渊源、从国家层面上能够反映民族精神需求的艺术和技能形式。

3.下列理解和分析,符合原文内容的一项是

A. 围棋的地位不是任何人封赐的,也不是带有感情色彩的主观结论,而是随着人们对其功能和价值认识的深入逐步确定的。

B. 围棋因为符合我们民族的思想特征,能够满足人们精神生活的真正需求,在东汉中期就凭借着其本质上的优势而盛极一时。

C. 人们自己对“度”的把握不好造成了围棋活动的负面作用,其实这些负面作用也与围棋的娱乐、交际等功能性弱点有直接关系。

D. 对围棋进行神化和矮化都是不对的,只要把“过艺价值观”作为认识围棋价值的出发点,就能正确认识围棋的“国艺”地位。

【答案】

1. 答案:B

2. 答案:C

3. 答案:A

【解析】B“盛极一时”指的是博累棋;C文中说“围棋本身具有娱乐、教育、竞技、交际等功能”;D、“只要„„就„„”改为“只有„„才„„”。

【考点定位】分析概括作者在文中的观点态度,能力层级C(分析综合)

三. 中国文化的天人合一思想

中西文化的基本差异之一就是,在人与自然的关系问题上,中国文化比较重视人与自然的和谐统一,而西方文化则强调,人要征服自然、改造自然才能求得自己的生存和发展。中国文化的这种特色,有时通过“天人合一”的命题表述出来。中国古代思想家一般都反对把天与人割裂开来、对立起来,而主张天人协调、天人合一。

天人合一问题,就其理论实质而言,是关于人与自然的统一问题,或者说是自然界和精神的统一问题。应当承认,中国传统文化中的天人合一思想,内容十分复杂,其中既有正确的观点,也有错误的观点,我们必须实事求是地予以分析。但是,从文化的民族性以及对民族文化的推进作用和深远影响看,我们应当大胆肯定。中国古代思想家关于天人合一的思想,其最基本的涵义,就是充分肯定自然界和精神的统一,关注人类行为与自然界的协调问题。从这个意思上说,天人合一思想的,是非常有价值的。

恩格斯对自然和精神的统一问题,有过一系列精辟的论述。他说:“我们一天天地学会更加正确地理解自然规律,学会认识我们对于自然界的惯常行程的干涉所引起的比较近或比较远的影响。”他还说:“自然界和精神是统一的。自然界不能是无理性的……而理性是不能和自然界矛盾的。”“思维规律和自然规律,只要它们被正确地认识,必然是互相一致的。”恩格斯的这些论述,深刻地揭示了自然和精神统一问题的丰富内涵。根据恩格斯的这些论述,考察中国古代的天人合一思想,不难看出,这种思想有着深刻的合理性。

中国古代的天人合一思想,强调人与自然的统一,人的行为与自然的协调,道德理性与自然理性的一致,充分显示了中国古代思想家对于主客体之间、主观能动性和客观规律之间关系的辩证思考。根据这种思想,人不能违背自然规律,不能超越自然界的承受力去改造自然、征服自然、破坏自然,而只能在顺从自然规律的条件下去利用自然、调整自然,使之更符合人类的需要,也使自然界的万物都能生长发展。另一方面,自然界也不是主宰人其社会的神秘力量,而是可以认识、可以为我所用的客观对象。这种思想长期实践的结果,是达到自然界与人的统一,人的精神、行为与外在自然的统一,自我身心平衡与自然环境平衡的统一,以及由于这些统一而达到的天道与人道的统一,从而实现完满和谐的精神追求。中国文化的天人合一思想,对于解决当今世界由于工业化和无限制地征服自然而带来的自然环境被污染、生态平衡遭破坏等问题,具有重要的启迪意义;对于我们今天正在进行的社会主义现代化建设,更有着防患于

未然的重大现实意义。(选自张岱年等主编的《中国文化概论》,有删改)

1.下列关于“天人合一思想”的理解,符合原文意思的一项是

A.它是中国古代思想家理性地思考人与自然关系后形成的共识。

B.它具有民族色彩鲜明、内涵丰富深刻而内容十分复杂的特点。

C.它已解决了主观认识与客观世界相统一的问题。

D.它所关注的核心问题是人类如何广泛地利用自然。

2.下列对文中恩格斯有关论述的理解,错误的一项是

A.阐述了人类与自然界之间协调统一的问题。

B.提醒人们不要随意干涉自然界的惯常行程。

C.认为思维规律和自然规律可以具有一致性。

D.丰富了天人合一思想并指出了它的局限性。

3.根据原文提供的信息,下列推断不正确的一项是

A.对人与自然关系的认识,中国古代天人合一思想有优于西方文化的地方。

B.现代人重视和研究天人合一思想,是基于对现实及发展问题的思考。

C.肯定天人合一思想的合理性,并不意味着对其思想内容的全盘接受。

D.以天人合一思想为指导,可解决当今世界因工业化带来的各种社会问题。

【答案】

1. 答案:B(【解析】是对“天人合一思想”在文中的概念内涵意义的理解)

2. 答案:D(【解析】不是针对中国的“天人合一思想”而言的,谈不上“丰富”和“局限性”)

3. 答案:D(【解析】夸大其词)

四、阅读下面文字,完成14~17题。

天坛之美

始建于明永乐十八年的天坛,是世界建筑艺术的珍品。它具有一种独特的意境,它以教练的艺术形成式表现了埔大深遂的精神内涵,体现了中国古人对宇宙的思考和想象。

天坛的意境美,可以归纳为:高、圆、清。

“高”是天的一种特性。天坛的建筑是连续性的逐渐上升的完整体,从南北中轴线上看,南端的圈丘高5.18米,皇穹宇高19.2米,诉外殿上升到38米,成为中轴线的高峰。故宫太和殿是永乐以前全城最高的建筑,是帝王的象征,而扩年殿比大和殿还高出3米,成为天帝的象征。 祈年殿的主体建筑四周,墙外低楼,空间开阔,祈年殿和圈丘的整个外轮廓直接与天空连接,祭坛仿佛高入云霄,人站在祭坛上也好像升上青天。天坛的崇高感中,蕴含着敬天的思想。 “圈”不仅指外形,而且是一种科学境界。在中国古代美学中,阅代表着生命光转,蕴含着宇宙万物,体现了一种“天行健”的思想以及祥和的精神。

天坛建筑群的一个突出特征是大量圆的造型。圆丘、皇穹宇、祈年殿都是圆形,每一个建筑又形成很多同心圆、一直扩展到与穹隆形的天空成为一个圆融的整体。

“清”是天的一种特征,也是中国古代的一种美学范畴,体现一种人格精神或艺术境界,例如清新、清真、清淡、清妙等。“清”由“青”而来,通常我们称天是“青天”、“蓝天”、“苍天”。天坛的基本色调整体是青色,不论是天空还是琉璃瓦都属于青色。“青”是祥和、安宁的象征,也体现了一种空灵的美。

天坛建筑中,祈年殿、皇穹宇都采用蓝色琉璃瓦,深蓝的琉璃和浅蓝的天空形成色彩上深浅的对比、更显示出天的澄清、明朗。反过来天的澄清、明朗,又与祈年殿的外轮廓虚实相生,唤起观赏者的审美想象。

以上高、圆、清三点体现了天坛的崇高、祥和、清朗的独特意境。如果比较一下,就会发现:故宫拥有庞大的建筑群以,以气热取脏,天坛的建筑少而精,以宁静深远而著称;故宫以封闭式的一道道门、一道道墙为特点,而天坛以天高地阔的开放式为特点;故宫的空间徒刑是方的,而天坛则是柔和的圆;故宫的颜色以红为重,而天坛则是幽静的青绿色。天坛之美,耐人深思。(取材于杨辛《天坛》)

1.下列理解,符合文意的一项是

A.天坛的建筑风格是以气热高耸、铺天盖地取胜。

B.故宫太和殿是明清两代北京的最高建筑,是帝王的象征。

C.天坛的大量圆形建筑表现了中国古人生生不息的宇宙观。

D.天坛的琉璃瓦采用蓝色,与蓝天相互融合,虚实相生。

2.根据文意,下列对天坛建筑“高”这一特性的理解,正确的一项是

A.渐次升高,表示对上天的挑战。

B.节省占地面积,突出幽静之美。

C.高入云霄,表达“羽化登仙”的愿望。

D.突出崇高感,强化敬慕上苍的心情。

【答案】

1.[答案]C【解析】A项错误,以气势取胜的是“故宫”,不是“天坛”;B项错误,最高的建筑应是天坛的祈年殿;D项错误,不是所有的天坛的琉璃都采用蓝色;C项观点在文章第五段能找到依据,故选C。

2. [答案]D【解析】A项“对上天的挑战”一语错误,象征天,尊崇天,怎能挑战;B项“节省占地面积”有误;C项错误,没有表达“羽化登仙”的愿望;D项“敬慕上苍”的思想贯穿全文,也是天坛建筑追寻的原则,在第3段最后一句更是一语道破。

高考英语听力训练1

高考英语听力训练

第一节 (共5 小题;每小题 1.5 分,满分 7.5 分)

听下面5段对话。每段对话后有一个小题,从题中所给的A、B、C三个选项中选出最佳选项,并标在试卷的相应位置。听完每段对话后,你都有10秒钟的时间来回答有关小题和阅读下一小题。每段对话仅读一遍。

1.Where are these two people?

A.In a restaurant

B.In a shop

C.In a vegetable market

2.How old is the girl now?

A.15 B.16 C.17

3.What is the man going to do?

A. To meet the woman

B. To move over one seat.

C. To sit between the woman and her friend.

4. What sport does the man like best?

A.Golf B.Tennis C.Swimming.

5. What musical instrument does the man play?

A.None B.The piano C.The violin

6.Where is the woman going to work?

A.A police station B.A train station C.A television station

第二节 (共15小题;每小题 1.5 分,满分 22.5 分)

听第6段材料,回答第6--7题。

7.when is the woman going to New York?

A.Next week B.Next month C.Next year.

听第7段材料,回答第8--9题。

8.What does the cheapest round-trip flight ticket cost?

A.$1215 B.$1250 C.$1255

9.What will the three-week special include?

A.Hotel,food and travels in Janpan

B.A free round-trip flight ticket.

C.Flight,hotel and two meals a day.

听第8段材料,回答第10--12题。

10.Why does the man want o make an appointment with the doctor?

A.For a treatment B.For an interview C.For a checkup.

11.Why can’t the man see the doctor right now?

A.The doctor is not there.

B.The timetable is full.

C.The doctor himself is ill.

12.When can the man see the doctor?

A.In the middle of next month.

B.At 9:15 tomorrow.

C.On the ninth of next month.

听第9段材料,回答第13--16题。

13.Where are these two people?

A.In a bookshop.

B.In a restaurant.

C.In a language center.

14.Which course is the man in?

A.The third course.

B.The fourth course.

C.The difth course.

15.How long has the man been at the institute?

A.For two years.

B.For two weeks.

C.For two months.

16.What does the man think of the classes?

A.They are too large

B.They should be much larger.

C.They are a bit small.

听第10段材料,回答第17--20题。

17.What did the man usually do before he went to school?

A.He went to a nursery.

B.He played with his friends.

C.He stayed at home.

18.Why did he quickly run back to school after lunch?

A.To play football.

B.To attend afternoon classes.

C.To play with his friends.

19.What did he start studying at junior secondary school?

A.History and Latin

B.Physics and Latin

C.French and Latin.

20.When did the man enter senior secondary school?

A.1942 B.1945 C.1947

Answer:

1—5 ABBCA 6—10 CBACC 11—15 BABBB 16—20 ABACB

2010年高考英语听力训练5

2010年高考英语听力训练5

第一节 (共5 小题;每小题 1.5 分,满分 7.5 分)

听下面5段对话。每段对话后有一个小题,从题中所给的A、B、C三个选项中选出最佳选项,并标在试卷的相应位置。听完每段对话后,你都有10秒钟的时间来回答有关小题和阅读下一小题。每段对话仅读一遍。

1. What gift will the woman probably get for Mary?

A. A school bag. B. A record. C. A theater ticket.

2. What will the woman tell the man?

A. Her company„s name. B. Her new address. C. Her phone number

3. When can the woman get the computer?

A. On Tuesday. B. On Wednesday. C. On Thursday.

4. Where is Mary going?

A. Home B. To the park C. To the bus stop

5. Where are the man and the woman probably talking?

A. Inside a bookstore. B. Outside an art museum. C. Outside a sports center.

第二节听下面6段对话或独白。每段对话或独白后有几个小题,从题中所给的A、B、C三个选项中选出最佳选项,并标在试卷的相应位置。听每段对话前,你将有时间阅读各个小题,每小题5秒钟;听完后,各小题将给出5秒钟的作答时间。每段对话或独白读两遍。

听第6段材料,回答第6、7题。

6. What sports does the man like to play after work?

A. Table tennis, running and golf. B. Tennis, jogging and golf. C. Tennis, running and golf.

7. How often does the man play golf?

A. About once seven days. B. About once thirty days. C. About once a year.听第7段材料,回答第8、9题。

8. What kind of room does the man want to take?

A. A single room. B. A double room. C. A room for three.

9. What does the man need to put in the form?

A. Telephone and student card numbers. B. Student card number and address. C. Address and telephone number.

听第8段材料,回答第10至12题。

10. Where do you think the dialogue takes place?

A. In a shop B. At home C. In the street

11. Who do you think Anne and Dick are?

A. Their children B. Their niece and nephew C. Their friend„s children

12. What will they buy for Dick?

A. Some records B. A toy suit C. A space suit听第9段材料,回答第13至15题。

13. Why is the woman here?

A. To meet Jack. B. To have a test. C. To see her school once more.

14. How does the woman feel about the test?

A. She is not sure about the test. B. She is not worried about it. C. She is sure it will be too hard.

15. Which of the following is not true?

A. This is the woman„s first term of school. B. She has failed in a test. C. She has studied hard all week.

听第10段材料,回答第16至19题

16. What does the sentence “Behind every successful man there is a woman” mean?

A. There is a woman standing behind every successful man. B. Women„s support to men is a most important factor of men‟s success. C. Every success depends on women.

17. Who wants to be as successful as man?

A. All women B. Every woman C. Not every woman

18. Which of the following still exists in the US today?

A. Men can get the best jobs but women can„t B. Women can‟t get equal pay for equal work C. Both A and B

19. Which if the following is true according to the passage?

A. Men support women in the women„s liberation movement B. The government supports women is the women‟s liberation movement C. Women want to have the same chance for success

听第11段材料,回答第20题。

20. Which of the following words best describes the day the speaker had?

A. Exciting. B. Unlucky. C. Tiring.

听力原文:(Text 1)

W: Have you got any idea what you„ll buy for Mary‟s birthday?

M: Well, I„ll get her a very new school bag. And I promised to take her to a film. What about you? W: Oh, I haven„t decided yet. I probably buy her a new music record as she likes it so much.

(Text 2)

W: Don„t forget to write to me, Jason. M: I won‟t. But let me make sure I have the right address. Is it 42 Eastdrive Birmingham?

W: That„s right. By the way, my office number has changed since I began to work at Morrison. M: Has it? And tell me what it is, then.

(Text 3)

W: Now, can we get the computers before Wednesday?

M: Well, it depends. If it is less than 10 kilometers, We can deliver them on Thursday. But if it„s farther away, it‟ll be on Thursday. Where is your office?

W: Just around the corner.

(Text 4)

M: Hello, Mary, Why are you standing here in the cold wind?

W: I„m waiting for a bus, but the buses are full at this time of the day. M: Where are you going? This isn‟t your home. You must take a bus from the other side of the street to go home. W; I„m not going home now. I‟m going for a walk in the park. I always like going for a walk before lunch. M; Then aren„t you going there on foot? It isn‟t very far. W: Oh, no, Bill. It isn„t very interesting to walk through the streets. In fact, it‟s very boring. So I always take bus No.3.

(Text 5)

W: The admission price of the gallery is ten dollars per person. I think that„s oertty expensive for a single exhibit. M: But if we have student cards, we can get in for two. W: Really? Let‟s have a try. (Text 6)

W: Hi, Mark. Haven„t seen you for ages. How are you doing?

M: Can„t complain. I‟m busy with my experiments in the lab but after work I often play some sports. W: Like what?

M: Like tennis, running and golf. W: Golf? That„s my favorite game. How often do you play it, Mark?

M: I usually play about once a month. What about you, Hingis?

W: I play every Sunday. M: Even when it rain?

W: yes, even when it rain. I never miss a game on Sunday. M: Where do you go?

W: The Country Club. Do you know it?

M: Yes, I was there once. You„re going to play next Sunday, I suppose. W: Certainly. Listen! Why don‟t you come with me? We can play together. M: I„d love to. What time shall we meet?

W: Let„s meet at the clubhouse at 1:30 in the afternoon. M: Good. See you then.

(Text 7)

W: Welcome to Youth Hotel, can I help you?

M: I„d like a room for the night. W: Would you like a single room, a double room, or a room for 3? M: A single room, please. Can I pay by check?

W: Sure. Fill in this form please. M: Need my student card number?

W: No, just your address and telephone number. M: OK, here is the form. W: Very well, here is

your key to Room 212. M: Thank you. W: Have a good stay.

(Text 8)

W: John, do you realize that Christmas is only a month away? We„ve got to think about Christmas gifts. M: Yes, and what a lot of realize we have to think about!

W: Shall we decide what to send them all now?

M: All right. Let„s make a list of names and then decide what to give them all. W: The children first, I think. What about Anne?

M: She„s getting too grown-up for toys. We can let her choose a book.

W: Very well. Now what about Dick? He thinks about nothing but space travel nowadays. M: Oh, that makes it easy. Shall we give him one of those space travel suits the toyshop has? You know what I mean: there is a big round plastic thing that goes over the head. W: That„s an excellent idea. He‟ll be quite excited. M: What about your father?

W: He„s fond of music. Perhaps some records?

(Text 9)

M: Hi, Jeanny. Why have you come to school an hour early?

W: I want to get a front row seat and review one more time before the test because I failed a course last term. Why are you here so early, Jack?

M: I get out of my car here at this time every day. You seem to be nervous about your lessons. Have you finished your review?

W: I„ve only been studying night and day for the last week. If I don‟t get an A in this class, I won„t get the support of my country. Why do you seem so calm?

M:: This class is really just a review for me. I„ve been learning it for two years. W: That‟s lucky for me. M: Jeanny, can you guess what the test will be like? Will it be difficult?

W: I hope not. But I„m still worried about it. M: Well, cheer up. Hope for good luck. W: Thanks for wishing me luck. I‟m going to need it.

(Text 10)

People used to say: “ Behind every successful man there„s a woman.”

Some women still like making their husbands and sons successful. But some women want more for themselves. They want good jobs. When they work. They want to be paid equally as men. Today the best jobs are sill given to men. Even when women do the same work, they are often paid less than men. Women went these things changer. The women„s liberation movement was started by women who didn‟t want to stand behind successful men. They wanted to stand beside men, with the same chance for success. The movement is quite new, and many American women do not agree with its purpose. But it has already made several changes in women„s lives, and men‟s lives, too.

(Text 11)

What happened to me that day is just unbelievable. The first thing to go wrong was that all the parking spaces were taken, so I had to park on the grass and hoped that I would not get a parking ticket. When I go to the Admissions Office, there was already a long line of students waiting. By the time it was my turn, two of the courses I needed were filled, and I had to go back to my advisor and make out a whole new timetable. Although I did sign up for all my courses, I missed lunch. The next thing to go wrong was that the bookstore had sold out of one of the textbooks required. As I was leaving I wondered what else could possibly happen, then I saw a policeman standing beside my car and writing out a ticket.

answer:

1-5 BCABB 6-10 CBACB 11-15 BBBAA 16-20 CBCCB

高考英语听力训练法

高考英语听力训练法

江苏省东海县青湖中学 冯光君

英语听力在历年高考中均占有较大比重,且学生的英语听力能力也不是一两天就能练好的,因此我们在教学过程中要加大英语听力的训练力度,最重要的是要坚持每天都进行此项训练,常抓不懈。

一、“灌耳音”

所谓“灌耳音”,是一种有效的听力训练法,即不是刻意的让学生去听但却构造了一个良好的英语听力环境,学生在潜移默化中提高英语听力水平。 在把英语作为第二语言学习的国家里,最为缺乏的就是语言环境,这样就给英语学习造成了一定的困难,因此,我们在英语教学中就需要创造英语学习的语言环境,而每天进行英语听力技能训练正是一种比较有效的方法,尤其是听地道英美人士的对话材料。

对于英语听力不太好的学生,他们老会抱怨听不懂,甚至觉得听听力是在浪费时间。这时,教师就需要采取鼓励的手段,即使学生只听出一句,教师也要给予适当的鼓励,这样,听的久了,学生就会发现自己听力上的进步,这正是“灌耳音”的功效。

二、专题听力训练法

该类训练法及下面要提到的综合听力训练法适用于简短对话听力。高考题型中的听力专题主要有以下几类:(一)确定人物关系题;(二)辨别人物身份题;

(三)涉及时间日期题;(四)有关数字计算题;(五)涉及谈话地点题;(六)人物观点态度题;(七)事件因果题;(八)正在谈论的话题或事宜。

我们的训练是分专题各个击破,总结每个对话的设问和回答。例如:有关考察说话者双方关系的设问题干的基本形式是:What’s the probable/possible relationship between the two speakers? 纵观历年的高考试题和各地的模拟试题,常见的人物关系主要有:doctor—patient 、boss—secretary、shop assistant—customer、driver—policeman/passenger、teacher—student、friends、husband—wife、parents—children、waiter—customer等。

三、综合听力训练法

高考并非一个专题的考察,专题听力训练虽然有总结性强、训练集中有效的

特点,但容易让学生形成固定呆板的模式,束缚学生的听力思维,这就需要综合听力训练的辅助。只有模拟高考的形式,将专题打乱,才能有效的备战高考,因此,我们只有把平时的训练当高考来对待,每次都以考试的形式来进行听力综合训练,一套听力材料可以在学生不知道答案的情况下进行多次训练,让学生自己辨别答案的正误,只有这样我们才能在高考听力中做到决胜千里。

四、篇章听力训练法

在高考听力中,较长对话和短文理解听力属于难度较大的题型,该类题型设问一般在两个以上,相对于简短对话听力来说,对考生的记忆理解能力要求较高。其中,短文理解听力的题材广泛,涉及历史文化新闻时事和人物等,它要求考生掌握材料的主旨大意,获取有效的事实细节,又要求考生能根据材料进行简单的推理和判断,因此,我们对该部分的听力训练应采用篇章听力训练法和逐字逐句听力训练法。

篇章听力训练法练习的是学生对听力材料主旨大意的把握能力,该部分的听力材料虽然内容涉及面广,每一篇都有一个主题思想,全篇围绕该话题来展开叙述或议论。只要我们把握了文章的中心思想,也就清楚了作者的意图,从而有了听的思想和进一步获取信息,选择正确答案的基础。

要听好文章中心大意题,我们要做好以下几点:(一)要快速浏览问题选项,预测材料的主要内容,明确听音目的;(二)通过所听录音的主题句了解听力材料大意;(三)听取关键词,根据关键信息去答题;(四)根据文章体裁寻找具体信息。

五、逐字逐句听力训练法

对于初接触高考听力的学生,篇章听力训练法可能会挫伤他们训练听力积极性,此时就需要逐字逐句听力训练法来进行训练,当然,我们在具体训练中可以采取灵活多样的形式,对于较难懂的听力材料最好采用逐字逐句听力训练法,能够把全篇听懂了,他们的自信心就会有所提升,且形成了一定的听力基础,才想去做进一步练习;对于中等难度的文章,我们可采用部分逐字逐句听力训练法,选取难懂的部分来精听,其余部分进行泛听训练;对于相对简单的听力材料我们可以采用模拟考试听力训练,让学生以考试的态度面对每一次练习。

六、小结

英语听力的提高是伴随学生词汇量和阅读量的增加而循序渐进的过程,我们的训练要精听相结合,并注意听力微观技能的培养和一些必要听力理解策略的掌握,当然,做这些的大前提是要具有良好的听力心理素质。

高考英语听力训练策略

中学 课 程 辅 导 ・ 教 学 研 究 

第3 期  

高考 英语 昕 力训练 策 略 
@ 李正斌① 李焕芝②  
摘要: 听 力是英语学 习的基 本技 能之一 , 然而 , 对 于许 多学生  二、 提高听力水平的策略 
1 . 扩 大词 汇量  

而言, 却是他们的薄弱项。 本 文就影响 学生听力水平 的诸 多因素 ,  
提 出应 对的训 练策略 , 以求提 高学生的英语 听力水平。   关键词 : 英语听力 ; 影 响因素; 训练策略 

词汇对于学英 语的人来说 就像是砌墙 的砖 , 需 要慢慢积 累 。   词汇的积累可以通过多 阅读来完成 。 比如 , 阅读英文报刊杂志 、 看  英 文 电视 电影 、 收听英语 气象报告 。 提高词汇量还 要每天坚持背  单词 。 背单词要持久 、 稳定 , 维持 3 0 0 0左右的词 汇量 。 词 汇量增加 
了, 听、 说、 读、 写 的能力就会跟着提高 , 听英语 听力就会更轻松 。   2 . 提 高语音语调 的准确性 

中图分类号: G 6 3 2 D 文献惦   识码: A 文章编号: 1 9 9 2 — 7 7 1   1 ( 2 0 1 3 ) o 3 — 0 1   1 5  
听力是英语学习过程 中四项基本技能之一 , 是人们进行语言  交际的重要手段 , 是理解和获取 口头信息进行交 际的能力 的体现 。   英语 听力水平测试将成为高考试卷 中必不可少 的一部 分 , 但从学  薄弱项 。 由于缺乏听力技巧 , 许多考生在考试时或是听不懂 , 或是  听懂 了却做不对题 , 感 到听力试题难 以应对 , 面对很简单 的听力 

语 音是英语 的本身 , 音调是英语 的灵 魂 。 听力 能力 的提高必  生 的成绩来看 , 在 听力 、 词汇 、 语法 、 阅读等项 目中, 听力仍然属于  须建立在单词正确 的发音基础上 。 首先 , 必须掌握语音拼读技巧 ,   正确 区分单词 的重读 、 弱读 , 学会辨别句子 的连读 、 节奏 以及语调  的变化 ; 其次 , 必须保 证 读音 、 语 调正 确 , 如区别 f f i t y和 f i t f e e n 、   b r o u g h t 和b o u g h t 的不同发音 。记单词时 除了要记住单 词的拼写 
之外 , 更要注意纠正单词的发音。 要反复地 听录音 , 听到很熟练 的  时候 , 开始模 仿录音的语音 、 语调 。   3 . 跟读 

试题却束手无策 。 因此 , 如何提高学生英语听力水平 , 使其有所突 
破, 就成 了当务之 急。   影响中学 生英语 听力理解的 因素 




1 . 心理 因素 的影响  听力理解是一系列复杂心理活动的综合 。 当学生 的情绪处于  紧张焦 虑的状态时 , 就易产 生紧张恐惧心理 , 使 得原本能
听懂 的  内容也变得扑朔迷离 。 相反 , 如果在进行听力训练时 , 学生积极主 

跟读 的方法有两 种 , 一种 是一句一句地 跟读 , 直到整篇 文章 
读完 ; 另 一种是跟着原声 将整段或者整 篇文章跟读下 来。 后一种 

方式 , 对 整体文章的把握具有 很好 的效果 , 跟 读的方法在前 期过  程 中要 反复使用 。 有 些发音优美 的文章值得反 复跟读多遍 , 直到 
能够背诵为佳 。   4 . 大声朗读 

动、 充满信心 , 那么就能最大限度地 发挥其水平 , 取 得较好的听力 
成绩 。   2 . 听力习惯的影响  听 的 目的主要在于 听懂 文章大意 、 明确 主要 内容 , 而很 多学 

大声朗读是跟读方法的延续。 最好是在你认为跟读得 比较像  的情况下 , 进行大声 的朗读 。 朗读当然就要出声 , 出声就会对耳朵  和大脑有刺激 , 有刺激就会 引起生理 的变化 , 朗读到一定 的时候 ,   你会发现你的舌头不再僵硬了。 这对 E l 后 的 口语表达奠定 了良好  的发声基 础。 大声 朗读 有几个要素 可以辅助使用 , 以提高 朗读 的  效率 。 一是激情朗读法 : 语音语调 、 抑扬顿挫 、 全情投入 , 发挥全身 
的参与 , 不仅 朗读感觉很好 , 而且效 果非常明显 ; 二 是捂住耳 朵朗  读。 这不是为了排 除外 界的噪音 , 而是通过捂着 耳朵 朗读 , 增强对 

生都希望 自己能把每个 词 、 每个 句子都听懂 , 这样反 而会影 响听  力效果 。 有些 学生缺乏用英 语直接思考 的习惯 , 总是将 听到的东 
西先译成汉 语 , 用 汉语进行思 维理解 , 然后再转成英 语 。 因此 , 他 

们 不能做到边听边理解边记忆 , 对听的结果产生负面影响。   3 . 语音 辨别能力 的影 响 
语 音不 过关对 听力有直接 的影响 。 有些学生不能准确掌握单 

词读音 , 听音 时肯定 也不会做 出准确判断 , 从而造成 理解上 的偏  差。 另外有一部分学生对语速 的适应性差 , 习惯 了慢速英语 , 当说  话 者以正常语速讲话 时, 他们的理解也会 大打折 扣。   4 . 语 言基础 知识 的影 响  语言基础知 识包括语音 、 词汇 、 句型 、 语法等 内容 , 这在英语  的听力 中是很 有必要的 。 若没 有掌握这些基 础知识 , 即使在 听的  过 程 中能 听清 , 也无法 在语境 中将语 音和语义联 系起 来 , 以致 影 
响听力理解 的整体水平 。 突破语音障碍 、 把握 听力基本技能 , 首先 

耳朵 、 大脑 的刺激 , 获得更佳 的记忆 效果 。 朗读 的间接成果 , 可能 
会导致背诵 。而背诵 也是语 言学习的 良好手段之一 。   5 . 精听  精听
的 目的是系统学 习语音 、 积累小词 习语 、 句 型表达 和背 

景, 可采用下 面两 种方式 : 一是模仿法 : 精 听一段文字 , 然后参 考  听力原文 , 跟读模仿到语音 、 语 调分 毫不 差 , 甚至 录下 自己的发音  和原音比较 , 逐段纠正语音 、 语调 ; 二是听抄法 : 又称 四遍法 , 第一 

应 突破语音知识 关。 英语语音 知识主要包括 六个方面 的内容 : 不 

遍听大意 ; 第二遍 利用复读机尽量 听写 出每句话 , 但不 要参考 听  完全爆破 、 意群 、 连读 、 音的同化 与失 音、 句子重音及语 调 ; 其次还  力 原文 ; 第三遍和听力原文 比对 , 找 出听不懂 的原 因 ; 第 四遍 翻译  应把握英音 与美音 的差别 。 而突破语 音知识关 的办法是 : 认真听 、   或者背诵 。 精 听后 务必趁热打铁 , 总结 知识 点 。 语音强调 三点 , 一  注重模仿 、 专心记忆 , 并跟着教师或 录音机进行 纠正 、 坚持反 复练 
习和检测 。   5 . 文化背景知识 的影响  英语 承载 了以其 为母 语的 国家 的风土人情 、 生活方式 等。 听  力材料 涉及 内容 广泛 , 而中学生知识 面不广 , 缺乏对英语 国家风  是建立单 词正 确 的“ 听觉形象 ” ; 二 是熟悉 连读 和失爆 等变音 现 

象, 它们本质上是人们讲英语语速快 时为 了方便发音 的 自然结果 ,   却 造成我们分 辨词语 的困难 ; 三是 注意重读 和语 调 , 它 们传递着  超 出词句本身含义 的内容 。小词 习语强调小词搭 配 , 比如多如牛 
毛的含 g e t 的短语 , 如同汉字 中越是简单 的字越难写得漂亮一样 ,   小 词搭 配经 常造成理解 障碍 。 而句型表达和背景学习重 在吃透 听  力原文 , 以阅读促听力。   ( 下转第 1 1 7页1  

土人情 、 历 史背景 、 文化差异 的了解 , 他们听 了语 篇材料后 , 对 内  容不理解而影响 了听力水平。  

圈I  

2 0 l 3  

中学课程辅 导 ・ 教 学 研 究 

第3 期  

设此切线方程 ) , —   一   此切线过( 1 , 1 ) ,   故 1 - y o = - 一 1 - . o ) 。  

o ) ,  

整 理, 得{ 了 。  
整理 , 得 

【 Z1 :— r 0 .  

消 去  ,  

叶1 : 0 .  

① 

注意 到  : 惟一 , 则A= 4 — 8 ( 叶1 ) = O ,   解得 Ⅱ = 一   1, 此时 2 = 一   1,  
二  二 

点  o , 问在曲线上 , 故 

+ 1 。  

② 

求得公切线为 乱一  一 1 = 0 .  

卣① 、 ②’ 解 

辜,  
y o =

评注: 公切线未必过同一切点。   5 . 多条切线 

挲 ,  
在点 P处
的切线 平行 于 y = x , 求此 

例题 8 . 由坐标 原点 0向曲线 y = x 3 - 3 a x   +  ( n ≠0 ) 引切线 , 切 
于 0以外 的点 尸 l  。 , y I ) , 现由尸 1 引此 曲线 的切线 , 切于 P 2 0 : , y z ) ,  

故 所 求 直 线 方 程 为 y 一 孚一 孕  一 手 ) ,  
即2 7 x + 4 y - 3 1 = 0。  

如此进行下去, 得到点列 只  ,  . 求数列 { %} 的通项公式。  
解: 由y ’ = 3 x 2 - 6 a x + b ,   得点 尸 I 处 的切线 y 一  一 3 似2 +    。 ) : ( 3   。 2 一 6 似。 + 6 )   。 ) ,  

3 . 与 已知直线平行( 或垂直) 的直线  例题 6 . 若 曲线/   )  
切线方程 。  

将( 0 , 呲 入, 可得  l =  
将 

解: 设切点 尸 ‰,   , ‘ . ‘ f’ ( x ) = 3 x 2 - 2 x ,  
・ . .

二 

切线的斜率为f ’  0 ) = 3   z _   1 。  

点P n 处 的切线 y 一 仁   3   j  2   D  

J   2   6   6 ) 0   ,  

解得x o = l 或  一   。  

) 代之 , 整理得  。  

+ 2 x . - 3 a ) = 0  

注意到 X n - 1 ≠  , 得x  ̄+ 2 x , , - 3 a = O , 即  n = 一   1  n - - l -   ≥2 )  

岷或 藩 
故 所 求 切 线 方 程 为  一 l 或 y + 寺  + } ,  
即  一 1 : 0或 2 7 x 一 2 7 y + 5 = 0 。   4 . 公切线  例题 7 . 已知抛物线 C   : y = x   +  和c 2 :  

故x . - a = ( x 。 一   ( .   一 )   。 , 即  = 【 1 一 ( 一 { 一 ) 1 0 .  
二  二 

评注 : n条切线“ 头尾 ” 处理。  

小结 : 在此 , 我们 总结 了利用导数求解 曲线切线 的五类 问题  的通解 通法。我们 不求 发现多少 特殊 方法 , 而 怎样让学 生能够又  快又准地解决类似问题 才是 我们 的最终 目的。  

2 + n . 问口 取什 么 

值时 C   和C 2 有且只有一条公切线?并写出此公切线的方程。  

参考文献 :  

解: 设 公切线 1 分别与 C   和  切于点 A(  ,   2 +  ) 和B  
x2,一   。  

[ 1 】 单蹲. 普通 高 中课 程标准试验教科 4 q s ] . 南京: 江苏教 育 出版社 ,  
2 0 o 5 .  

由y ' = 2 x + 2 , y ’ 一2 x , 得二 重合切线方程 y -  2 +  ) = (  。 + 2 )  


【 2 】 王进 良. 高等数 学全程 导学及 习题 全解( 第 六版) [ M 】 . 北京: 中国  
时代 经
济 出版 社 。 2 0 0 7 .  

) 和, , 一   此 时 

= 一 2   舡  2 ) ,  

:  

,  

( 作者单位 : 江 苏省黄桥 中学

2 2 5 4 1 1 )  

( 上接 第 1 1 5页)  
6 . 泛 听 

以及技巧 的应用 ; 善于总结经验教训 I , 从而提高英语听力水平 。   作者简介 : 李正斌 , 中学 高级教 师, 硕士 , 1 9 8 6年参加工作 , 市级 学  科 带头人 , 第三届全 国中小学外语教 师 园丁奖获得 者。  
李焕芝 , 中学高级教 师 , 本 科 学历 , 1 9 8 6年参加 工作 ,  
省级 骨 干教 师 。  

泛听目的有二 : 一是练习捕捉大意 , 让理解单位从“ 词汇” 到“ 句  子” 再到 “ 大意” ; 二是 熟悉语速 和语境 , 即真实 的英语使用环境。  
“ 拳不离手 , 曲不离 口” , 泛 听要形成 “ 磨耳朵 ” 的 习惯 , 看 电影  是泛听 , 听时事广播是泛听 , 看电视是泛听 , 尽 可能接触更多正常 

的原始音频 , 充分利用排 队、 等车等边角时间。 泛听之后还要复述  大意 、 检测 听力效果 , 关注语速、 连读等等 只有 连续说话时才会有  参 考 文献 :  
的东西。  

[ I 】 陈柳蓉. 如何指导学生进行有效的听力训练  海外英 ̄2 O l O  .  

三、 答题 技巧 

【 2 ] 侯 渝生. 新课 程理念下的创新教 学设计【 M】 . 长春 : 东北师 范大学 
出版 社 . 2 0 0 3 .  

1 . 浏览 选项 , 预测问题 , 集 中精 力听 , 捕 捉解题信 息 , 做 到答 
其在解对话 题时 , 不仅要利用 直接信息进行 推断 , 还应利用 间接 

题准确无误 ; 2 . 全 神贯 注 , 保持 良好的心态 ; 3 . 注意言外之意 。尤  【 3 ] 胡春洞. 英语 学习论【 M】 . 桂林: 广 西教育 出版社, 1 9 9 6 .  
[ 4 ] ***寰. 英语语音教学 中的几个问题 [ J ] . 天 津教育, 2 0 1 0 ( 1 1 ) .  

信息体会弦外之音 , 准确理解说话人 的含 义 ; 4 . 注意数字 的运 算 ;   5 . 注意短文的体裁 ; 6 . 简略记下关键信息词 ; 7 . 控制答题时间。  
冰冻 三尺 , 非 一 日之寒 , 英语水平 的提高绝不 是一朝~ 夕 的  事。 学 习英语 , 是一个 日积月累 的渐进 过程 。 “ N o   p a i n s , 1 1 0   g a i n s . ”  

[ 5 】 朱 志敏 . 英语 听 力课 堂教 学存 在的 问题 及策略 的探 究[ J 】 . 继 续 
教 育研 究, 2 0 1 0 ( 1   1 1 .  

f 作者单位 : 甘肃省武威 第一中学① 7 3 3 0 0 0 ; @肃省天祝 第一 
由⑦ 7 3 3 2 0 0 )  


因此 , 提高英语听力水平要端正态度 , 注意平 时听力 的训练 、 培养 ,  

圈I  


分页:12 3

Tags:高考一轮复习策略  高考备考策略  学习策略的学习和训练  高考听说训练  高考作文训练  高考二轮复习策略  广东高考英语听说训练  高考英语口语训练  高考作文立意训练   

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